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B.C. Reg. 20/2000
O.C. 89/2000
Deposited January 28, 2000
This consolidation is current to February 11, 2020.
Link to consolidated regulation (PDF)
Link to Point in Time

Health Care (Consent) and Care Facility (Admission) Act

Health Care Consent Regulation

[Last amended November 4, 2019 by B.C. Reg. 114/2019]

Contents
Part 1 — Definitions
1Definitions
Part 2 — Consent
2Committees that may approve medical research programs
3Health care providers
4Major health care
5Health care to which temporary substitute decision maker cannot consent
6Notice of substitute consent — major health care
Part 3
Part 4 — Advance Directives
15Instructions given before Part 2.1 of Act came into force
Part 5 — Care Facilities
Division 1 — Assessments of Incapability
16Prescribed health care providers
17Information to be given before assessment
18Others may be present
19Review of medical information
20Assessment may occur without adult
21Consultation with others
22On completing assessment
Division 2 — Use of Restraints
23Manner and means of restraint
24Adoption of Residential Care Regulation requirements
Form 1
Form 2

Part 1 — Definitions

Definitions

1   (1) In this regulation:

"Act" means the Health Care (Consent) and Care Facility (Admission) Act;

"assessment" means an assessment under section 26 of the Act;

"assessor" means a medical practitioner and a person within a class prescribed under section 16 for the purpose of performing assessments;

"psychosurgery" means a procedure by which

(a) histologically normal brain tissue is, by direct or indirect access to the brain, removed or destroyed or its continuity is interrupted, or

(b) indwelling electrodes are inserted in the brain for pulsed electrical stimulation to alter behaviour or to treat psychiatric illness,

but does not include any neurological procedure used to diagnose or treat intractable physical pain or epilepsy if these conditions are clearly demonstrable.

(2) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 431/2004, s. 1 (c).]

[am. B.C. Regs. 431/2004, s. 1; 279/2005, s. (a); 114/2019, Sch. 1, s. 1.]

Part 2 — Consent

Committees that may approve medical research programs

2   The following committees are designated for the purposes of paragraph (c) of the definition of "health care" in section 1 of the Act:

(a) University of British Columbia — British Columbia Cancer Agency Research Ethics Board;

(b) University of British Columbia — Clinical Research Ethics Board;

(c) University of British Columbia — Behavioural Research Ethics Board;

(d) Simon Fraser University — Research Ethics Review Committee;

(e) University of Victoria — Human Research Ethics Committee;

(f) University of British Columbia — Providence Health Care Research Ethics Board;

(g) Vancouver Island Health Authority Research Review and Ethical Approval Committee;

(h) Fraser Health Research Ethics Board;

(i) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 279/2005, s. (b).]

(j) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 99/2006, s. (a).]

(k) Northern Health Research Review Committee;

(l) Penticton Regional Hospital Ethics Committee;

(m) Interior Health Research Ethics Board.

[en. B.C. Reg. 431/2004, s. 2; am. B.C. Regs. 279/2005, s. (b); 99/2006; 123/2007.]

Health care providers

3   The following Acts are prescribed for the purposes of the definition of "health care provider" in section 1 of the Act:

(a) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 420/2008, App. s. 5.]

(b) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 421/2008, App. s. 5.]

(c) Health Professions Act;

(d) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 412/2008, App. s. 4.]

(e) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 423/2008, App. s. 5.]

(f) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 232/2005, App. s. 4.]

(g) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 422/2008, App. s. 5.]

(h) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 169/2010, App. s. 5.]

(i) Social Workers Act.

[am. B.C. Regs. 232/2005, App. s. 4; 412/2008, App. s. 4; 420/2008, App. s. 5; 421/2008, App. s. 5; 422/2008, App. s. 5; 423/2008. App. ss. 4 and 5; 169/2010, App. s. 5.]

Major health care

4   The following are designated as major health care:

(a) radiation therapy;

(b) intravenous chemotherapy;

(c) kidney dialysis;

(d) electroconvulsive therapy;

(e) laser surgery.

Health care to which temporary substitute decision maker cannot consent

5   (1) The following types of health care are prescribed for the purposes of section 18 (1) of the Act:

(a) abortion unless recommended in writing by the treating physician and at least one other medical practitioner who has examined the adult for whom it is proposed;

(b) electroconvulsive therapy unless recommended in writing by the treating physician and at least one other medical practitioner who has examined the adult for whom it is proposed;

(c) psychosurgery;

(d) removal of tissue from a living human body for implantation in another human body or for medical education or research;

(e) experimental health care involving a foreseeable risk to the adult for whom the health care is proposed that is not outweighed by the expected therapeutic benefit;

(f) participation in a health care or medical research program that has not been approved by a committee referred to in section 2;

(g) any treatment, procedure or therapy that involves using aversive stimuli to induce a change in behaviour.

(2) and (3) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 431/2004, s. 3.]

(4) In this section, "experimental health care" means health care

(a) that is a deviation from standard professional practice, and

(b) that has not been approved by a committee referred to in section 2.

[am. B.C. Reg. 431/2004, s. 3.]

Notice of substitute consent — major health care

6   A notice under section 14 (4) (b) of the Act must be in Form 1.

Part 3

Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 431/2004, s. 4.]

Part 4 — Advance Directives

Instructions given before Part 2.1 of Act came into force

15   For the purposes of section 35.1 of the Act, written instructions made by a capable adult as described in that section are deemed to be advance directives if made and executed in accordance with sections 19.4 and 19.5 of the Act, as if those sections had been in force at the time the written instructions were made.

[en. B.C. Reg. 17/2011, s. 2.]

Part 5 — Care Facilities

Division 1 — Assessments of Incapability

Prescribed health care providers

16   The classes of health care providers who are prescribed as assessors for the purposes of the Act are as follows:

(a) registrants of the British Columbia College of Nursing Professionals who are subject to either

(i) the Nurses (Registered) and Nurse Practitioners Regulation, or

(ii) the Nurses (Registered Psychiatric) Regulation;

(b) registrants of the British Columbia College of Social Workers;

(c) registrants of the College of Occupational Therapists of British Columbia;

(d) registrants of the College of Psychologists of British Columbia.

[en. B.C. Reg. 114/2019, Sch. 1, s. 2.]

Information to be given before assessment

17   Before conducting an assessment in respect of an adult, an assessor must ensure that the adult has been advised that

(a) the adult is being assessed to determine whether the adult is incapable of giving or refusing consent to admission to, or continued residence in, a care facility, and

(b) if the adult is found to be incapable of making decisions about the adult's admission to, or continued residence in, a care facility, a substitute decision maker may make those decisions on the adult's behalf.

[en. B.C. Reg. 114/2019, Sch. 1, s. 2.]

Others may be present

18   (1) An assessor may permit a person other than the adult being assessed to be present during all or part of an assessment if

(a) requested by the adult, or

(b) necessary or advisable for the purposes of either communicating with the adult or conducting the assessment.

(2) An assessor may prohibit a person from being present during all or part of an assessment if, in the opinion of the assessor, the presence of the person would disrupt or in any way adversely affect the assessment process.

(3) Subsection (2) applies even if the adult requests the person to be present.

[en. B.C. Reg. 114/2019, Sch. 1, s. 2.]

Review of medical information

19   An assessor must, before completing an assessment in respect of an adult, review all available relevant medical diagnoses and prognoses about the adult with respect to any underlying, or potentially reversible, health conditions that may affect the ability of that adult to make decisions about that adult's admission to, or continued residence in, a care facility.

[en. B.C. Reg. 114/2019, Sch. 1, s. 2.]

Assessment may occur without adult

20   An assessment, or part of an assessment, may be conducted without the adult being present, and based on observational information and relevant information gathered from other sources, if

(a) the adult

(i) refuses, in full or in part, to participate in the assessment, or

(ii) cannot reasonably be accessed or is not reasonably able to participate in the assessment, and

(b) the assessor has reason to believe that the assessment would be completed accurately using the information available.

[en. B.C. Reg. 114/2019, Sch. 1, s. 2.]

Consultation with others

21   (1) Without limiting section 20, an assessor may consult with and collect information from other persons if the assessor has reason to believe that

(a) it is necessary or advisable for the purposes of the assessment, and

(b) the person consulted with has information relevant to the assessment.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), an assessor may consult with and collect relevant information from the following:

(a) a person who has provided social or health care services to the adult;

(b) the adult's spouse, near relatives and close friends.

[en. B.C. Reg. 114/2019, Sch. 1, s. 2.]

On completing assessment

22   (1) On completing an assessment, an assessor must, subject to subsection (2), do all of the following:

(a) complete an assessment report detailing the assessment, including

(i) the factors that were considered in making the determination of the adult's capability or incapability,

(ii) the conclusions that were reached on the basis of those factors, and

(iii) a summary of the information, if any, gathered under section 20 or 21;

(b) advise the adult who is the subject of the assessment regarding the assessor's determination of the adult's capability or incapability;

(c) provide a copy of the assessment report to

(i) the manager who requested the assessment, and

(ii) the manager of the care facility to which the adult is admitted, if different from the manager who requested the assessment;

(d) offer to provide, and provide if requested, a copy of the assessment report to

(i) the adult, and

(ii) the person responsible for giving substitute consent on behalf of the adult under section 22 of the Act, if the adult is determined to be incapable.

(2) An assessor need not comply with the requirements of subsection (1) (b) or (d) if the assessor has reason to believe that it may result in

(a) serious physical or mental harm to the adult, or

(b) significant damage or loss to the adult's property.

[en. B.C. Reg. 114/2019, Sch. 1, s. 2.]

Division 2 — Use of Restraints

Manner and means of restraint

23   For the purposes of section 26.1 (1) (b) of the Act, "restrain" includes to control or restrict the freedom of movement of a person in care by

(a) chemical, electronic, mechanical or other means, and

(b) accommodating the person in care in a secure unit.

[en. B.C. Reg. 114/2019, Sch. 1, s. 2.]

Adoption of Residential Care Regulation requirements

24   (1) For the purposes of section 26.1 of the Act, Division 5 of Part 5 and section 84 of the Residential Care Regulation, B.C. Reg. 96/2009, are adopted as amended from time to time.

(2) For the purposes of applying the Residential Care Regulation, references to the text in that regulation referred to in column 1 of the following table are to be read as references to the text set out opposite in column 2:

ItemColumn 1
Residential Care Regulation
Column 2
Health Care Consent Regulation
1care plana health record kept in a care facility for the purposes of recording information respecting the person in care who is the subject of the record, including a plan of care for that person
2community care facilitycare facility
3employeeperson providing services under contract or other person ordinarily present at a care facility, other than a person in care
4licenseemanager, but only if responsible for the operation of the care facility

[en. B.C. Reg. 114/2019, Sch. 1, s. 2.]

Form 1

[en. B.C. Reg. 40/2002, s. (c); am. B.C. Reg. 431/2004. s. 5.]

Health Care (Consent) and Care Facility (Admission) Act

Section 14 (4) (b) of the Act

NOTICE OF INCAPABILITY AND SUBSTITUTE
CONSENT (MAJOR HEALTH CARE)

To .....................................................................................:[name of adult for whom substitute consent has been given (please print)]

I, ..................................................................[name of health care provider (please print)], am your physician/other health care provider and I have proposed the following health care for you:
............................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................

I have determined, using the legal test of incapability stated in section 7 of the Health Care (Consent) and Care Facility (Admission) Act, that you are incapable of giving or refusing consent to the health care described above.

To the best of my knowledge, you do not have a committee, or representative, who is authorized to make a decision for you about the health care described above.

Therefore, I have chosen .....................................................[name and phone number of Temporary Substitute Decision Maker (please print)] as temporary substitute decision maker for you and he/she has [ ] given [ ] refused [check ONE box only] substitute consent to the health care described above.

If you disagree with the decision of your temporary substitute decision maker, you may ask your attending physician or one of the nurses caring for you how to have the decision reviewed.

The decision to [ ] give [ ] refuse [check ONE box only] substitute consent to the health care described above was made on ................................[dd/mm/yyyy] at ......................[time] am/pm.

.....................................................[signature of health care provider] ......................................[position/title]

.............[dd/mm/yyyy] ...........[time] am/pm.

Form 2

Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 431/2004, s. 6.]

[Provisions of the Health Care (Consent) and Care Facility (Admission) Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 181, ss. 34 and 35.1.]