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This Act has "Not in Force" sections. See the Table of Legislative Changes.

Land Title Act

[RSBC 1996] CHAPTER 250

Contents
Part 1 — Definitions, Interpretation and Application
 1Definitions
 2References
 3Application to Strata Property Act
Part 2 — Land Title Offices and Officers
 4Land title districts
 5Power to constitute and change districts
 6Land title office
 7Continuation of existing offices and records
 8Duty of registrar to provide records affecting land in new district
 9Director of Land Titles
 10Registrar and staff
 11Deputy registrar and assistant deputy registrar
 12Evidence of authority of officials to act in certain cases
 13Qualifications for appointment to office
 14Prohibition of officers and staff acting in conflict with duties
 15Official seal
 16Office hours
 17Repealed
 18Protection of director and registrar from personal liability
 19Exemption of registrar from attendance as witness in court
Part 3 — Registration and Its Effect
 20Unregistered instrument does not pass estate
 21Unregistered instruments executed and taking effect before July 1, 1905
 22Operation of instrument as from time of registration
 23Effect of indefeasible title
 24Title by prescription abolished
 25Protection of registered owner against actions for recovery of land
 25.1Void instruments — interest acquired or not acquired
 26Registration of a charge
 27Notice given by registration of charge
 28Priority of charges based on priority of registration
 29Effect of notice of unregistered interest
 30Notice of unregistered interest as affecting registered owner of charge
 31Priority of caveat or certificate of pending litigation
 32Validity of registered voluntary conveyance
 33Equitable mortgage or lien not registrable
 34Registration of indefeasible title by court order
 35Admissibility of instruments
 36Completion of registration
 37Registration effective from time of application
 38Registrar to create official record of instruments and documents
Part 4 — Forms of Instruments
 39Registrable instruments
 40Order in Council transferring government rights in highway
Part 5 — Attestation and Proof of Execution of Instruments
 41Definitions
 42Witnessing and execution
 43Witnessing — individuals
 44Witnessing — corporations
 45Witnessing — individual power of attorney
 46Witnessing — corporate power of attorney
 47Witnessing — persons not fluent in English
 47.1Repealed
 48Execution under seal
 49If instrument not witnessed
 50Defects
Part 6 — Powers of Attorney and Representation Agreements
 51Deposit of power of attorney on registration of instrument
 52Attorney's powers extend to after acquired land
 53Index of powers of attorney
 54Effect of execution of second power of attorney
 55Power of personal representative or trustee
 56Power of attorney valid for 3 years only
 57Revocation of power of attorney
Part 7 — Descriptions and Plans
 Division 1 — General
 58Description of land
 59Public official plan
 60Description in Crown grant
 61Registration of title to Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Company land
 62Subsequent descriptions of land
 63Description by parcels shown on subdivision plan
 64Substitution for metes and bounds or abbreviated description
 65Assignment of distinguishing letter to remainder
 66Assignment of distinguishing letter by registrar
 67Requirements as to subdivision and reference plans
 68Posting plan
 69Block outline survey
 70Explanatory plan of block or lot in Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Company grant
 71Composite plans
 72When composite plan not to be deposited
 Division 2 — Subdivision of Land
 73Restrictions on subdivision
 73.1Lease of part of a parcel of land enforceable
 74Method of defining new parcel
 75Requirements for subdivisions
 76Relief from requirements established by section 75
 Division 3 — Appointment, Powers and Duties of Approving Officers
 77Appointment of municipal approving officers
 77.1Appointment of regional district and islands trust approving officers
 77.2Provincial approving officers
 77.21Appointment of treaty first nation approving officers
 77.3Nisga'a approving officer
 78Certain designations prohibited on subdivision plans
 79Repealed
 80Controlled access highways
 81Land in improvement districts
 82Repealed
 Division 4 — Approval of Subdivision Plans
 83Tender of plan for examination and approval
 83.1Referral to designated highways official
 84Plan tendered later than 3 months after survey
 85Time limit for approval and consideration of public interest
 85.1Environmental Management Act requirements must be met
 86Matters to be considered by approving officer on application for approval
 87Local government matters to be considered by approving officer
 88Approval of plan
 89Appeal to Supreme Court
 90Power of Lieutenant Governor in Council to prohibit deposit of plan
 Division 5 — Deposit of Subdivision Plans
 91Approval of subdivision plan required
 92Application for deposit
 93Title to land in plan required to be registered
 94Endorsement of certificate
 95Accreted land within plan
 96Water boundary deemed to be natural boundary
 97Signatures of owners to plan
 98New indefeasible titles for parcels shown on deposited plan
 Division 6 — Other Methods of Defining New Parcels
 99Registrar to determine whether description of land acceptable
 100Re-establishment of boundaries
 101Principles guiding approving officer
 102Dedication by reference or explanatory plan
 103Execution of plan by owner
 104Serial deposit number
 Division 7 — Conflicting Measurements
 105Power of registrar if measurements on plans conflict
 106Power of registrar to correct errors, defects or omissions
 Division 8 — Vesting of Title by Deposit of Plan
 107Dedication and vesting
 108If designation on plan "Returned to Crown in right of the Province"
 109Extinguishment of highway not shown on plan
 Division 9 — Amendment of Plan
 110Amendment of deposited plan in certain cases
 Division 10 — Penalties If Plan Not Deposited
 111Rights of purchaser when plan not deposited
 112Penalty for failure to deposit plan of subdivision
 Division 11 — Statutory Right of Way Plans
 113Deposit
 114Statutory right of way plan may be used in application to register fee simple
 115Deposit of statutory right of way plan
 116Requirements of statutory right of way plans
 117Widening of statutory right of way
 118When water boundary deemed natural boundary
 119Alteration in deposited statutory right of way plan
 Division 12 — Plans and Descriptions to Accompany Bylaws
 120Municipal bylaw cancelling highway or public square dedication
Part 8 — Cancellation of Plans
 121Definitions and interpretation
 122Cancellation of plans by application to the registrar
 123Petition to cancel plan
 124Report of approving officer and district highways manager
 125Service of petition and other documents
 126Publication and posting
 127Notice of intention to appear
 128Place of hearing
 129Powers of registrar in relation to the hearing
 130Duties of registrar on hearing the petition
 131Powers of the registrar to cancel or alter a plan
 132Opposition by local authority
 133Opposition by minister
 134Preparation and registration of order
 135Registrar may vest an estate in fee simple
 136Cancellation by minister of plan comprising Crown land
 137Cancellation of interior lines
Part 9 — Air Space Titles
 138Definitions
 139Air space is land
 140Covenant to grant easements or to convey restrictive covenants not implied
 141Subdivision of land into air space parcels
 142Air space parcels in respect of highways
 143Air space plan
 144Air space plan
 145Taxation
 146Application
Part 10 — Applications for Registration and Evidence in Support
 147Application required
 148Form and manner of applying
 149Address of applicant
 150Particulars as to witness and parties to instrument
 151Repealed
 152Description of foreign government
 153Time of application
 154Application for registration of fee simple
 155Application for registration of charge
 156Application must be for all lands or charges comprised in instrument
 157Forms
 158Restrictions as to scope of application
 159Registrar may require deposit of instruments
 160Summons to produce instruments
 161Application to court to compel production or deposit of instruments
 162Powers of court on hearing
 163Notice of intention to register
 164Registration after notice
 165Corporate powers assumed
 166Disposal of instruments deposited
 167Withdrawal of application
 168Summary rejection of defective application
Part 10.1 — Electronic Filing
 Division 1 — Interpretation
 168.1Definitions
 168.11Repealed
 Division 1.1 — Establishment of Electronic Forms and Electronic Filing
 168.111Powers respecting electronic forms and filing
 Division 2 — Electronic Applications and Instruments
 168.12Provisions inapplicable to electronic instruments and applications
 168.2Effect of electronic applications and instruments
 168.21Form and manner of completion
 168.3Signing requirements
 168.31Delivery of electronic instruments
 168.4Submitting electronic applications and instruments
 168.41Supporting documents
 168.42Corrective declarations
 168.5Electronic instrument taking effect as a deed
 168.51Production of evidence
 168.6Evidentiary matters
 168.61Admissibility of true copy of electronic instrument
 168.7Disposal of electronic applications and instruments
 Division 2.1 — Electronic Plan Applications and Electronic Plans
 168.712Provisions applicable to electronic plan applications and electronic plans
 168.72Effect of electronic plan applications and electronic plans
 168.721Form and manner of completion
 168.722Assignment of serial deposit numbers to electronic plans
 168.73Signing requirements for electronic plans — British Columbia land surveyor
 168.731Signing requirements for electronic plan applications — persons other than subscribers
 168.732Signing requirements for electronic plan applications — subscribers
 168.74Submitting electronic plan applications and electronic plans
 168.741Supporting documents
 168.742Corrective declarations
 168.743Amendments to electronic plans
 168.75Production of evidence
 168.76Evidentiary matters
 168.761Admissibility of true copy of electronic plan application or electronic plan
 168.77Disposal of electronic plan applications and electronic plans
 Division 3 — Certification of Subscribers
 168.71Repealed
 168.79Certification authority
 168.8Certification practice statement
 168.81Warranties of certification authorities
 168.82Immunity
 Division 4 — General
 168.9Offences
 168.91Repealed
Part 11 — Registration of Title in Fee Simple
 Division 1 — First Registration
 169Registration of title
 170Requirements as to production of title deeds
 171Adverse possession
 172First estate of inheritance necessary to registration of fee simple
 173Several persons interested in registration
 174Application to convert absolute fee into indefeasible title
 Division 2 — The Register and Duplicate Indefeasible Titles
 175Register and records
 176Duplicate indefeasible title
 177Registration of joint tenants
 Division 3 — General
 178Limitation on number of parcels
 179Rights of owner of surface
 180Recognition of trust estates
 181Interest or right reserved to transferor
 182Registration of restrictive covenants and easements
 183Entries carried forward from original entry
 184Registration of grantor a condition precedent
Part 12 — Transfers
 185Form of transfer
 186Implied covenants
 187Registration of transferee
 188Registration by amendment to register
 189Dealings with duplicate indefeasible title on transfer
 190Destruction of duplicate indefeasible title
Part 13 — Dealings With Indefeasible Title Other Than by Registration
 191Registration of new indefeasible title and change of name
 192Registration of several indefeasible titles instead of original
 193Lost indefeasible certificate of title
 194Effect given to new or provisional indefeasible title
 195Surrender of duplicate indefeasible title on registration of charge
 196Provisional title may issue to minerals
Part 14 — Registration of Title to Charges
 Division 1 — General
 197Registration of charges
 198Registration of person creating charge
 199Registration of subcharges
 200No subright to purchase registrable
 201Registration of assignment of charge
 202Repealed
 203Floating charges on land
 204Registration of debt to the government as a charge
 205Writ of affecting land
 206Registration of transfer, extension or modification of charges
 207Form of postponement
 208Certificates of charge
 209Transfer of mortgage
 Division 2 — Judgments
 210Registration of judgments in same manner as charge
 211Registration of assignment of judgment and form of assignment
 212Notice to judgment creditor of intention to register
 213Costs on failure to establish priority
 214Form of release
 Division 3 — Certificate of Pending Litigation
 215Registration of certificate of pending litigation in same manner as charge
 216Effect of registered certificate of pending litigation
 217Effect of certificate of pending litigation if prior application is pending
 Division 4 — Statutory Rights of Way, Miscellaneous Covenants and Easements
 218Statutory right of way
 219Registration of covenant as to use and alienation
 220Statutory building scheme and letting scheme
 221Requirements of registrable restrictive covenant
 222Discriminating covenants are void
 223Subdivision of dominant tenement
 Division 4.1 — Party Wall Agreements
 223.1Definitions
 223.2Binding effect
 Division 5 — Mortgages
 224Definition
 225Form of mortgage
 226Modification of standard terms
 227Prescribed standard mortgage terms
 228Filed standard mortgage terms
 229Receipt of standard mortgage terms by mortgagor
 230Registrar may require filing
 231Effect of a mortgage
 Division 6 — General Instruments
 232Definitions and application
 233Form of general instrument
 234Modification of standard terms of general instrument
 235Filed standard general instrument terms
 236Effect of a general instrument
 237Release of registered charge
Part 15 — Instruments
 238Registration of instruments
 239Floating charges on land
 240Suspension and alteration
Part 16 — Cancellation of Charges
 241Cancellation of registration of charge
 242Application to cancel mortgage created by vendor
 243Redemption of mortgage if mortgagee absent
 244Mortgagee's refusal or neglect to give discharge
 245Vesting order in favour of purchaser
 246Cancellation if charge determined by effluxion of time
 247Cancellation of lease on breach of covenant
 248Effect of cancellation
 249Power of court to order cancellation of charge
 250Cancellation of charge on payment into court
 251Application to court
 252Cancellation of certificate of pending litigation
 253Cancellation of certificate of pending litigation if action discontinued
 254Cancellation of certificate of pending litigation if action dismissed
 255If action neither dismissed nor discontinued
 256Cancellation of certificate of pending litigation on other grounds
 257Power of court to order cancellation
 258Cancellation of registration
 259Discharge of mortgage
Part 17 — Transmission of Fee Simple and Charge
 Division 1 — General
 260Registration of transmission before subsequent dealing
 261Conveyance under Court Order Enforcement Act or Builders Lien Act
 262Registration of land vested in Crown by statute
 Division 2 — On Death of Will-Maker or Intestate
 263Definitions
 264Power and title of personal representative on registration
 265Death before April 1, 1947
 266Death after March 31, 1947
 267Discharge of mortgage
 268When resealing may be dispensed with
 Division 3 — On Death of Joint Tenant
 269Transmission re joint tenancies
 270Discharge of mortgage by surviving joint tenant
 Division 4 — On Foreclosure
 271Presumption as to regularity of foreclosure and cancellation proceedings
 Division 5 — Tax Sales
 272Notice of tax sale as to each parcel sold
 273Notice of redemption of tax sale land
 274Application to other Acts
 275Registration of tax sale purchaser under Taxation (Rural Area) Act
 276Effect of registration of title derived from tax sale
 277Provincial tax sale purchaser under repealed Acts
 278Land forfeited to or vested in Crown
 279Tax sales held under Taxation (Rural Area) Act
 280Application to the government
Part 18 — Notice of Certain Conditions and Obligations
 281Forest Act
Part 19 — Caveats
 282Lodging caveat
 283Right of registered owner to lodge caveat
 284Power of court to issue injunction
 285Power of registrar to lodge caveat
 286Form of caveat
 287Duty of registrar on receipt of caveat
 288Effect of caveat
 289Proceedings for discharge of caveat
 290Withdrawal of caveat
 291Further caveat lodged after caveat has lapsed, been withdrawn or discharged
 292Registration of withdrawal, lapse or discharge of caveat
 293Lapse of caveat
 294Compensation if caveat lodged wrongfully
Part 19.1 — Land Title and Survey Authority Assurance Fund
 294.1Definition
 294.11Establishment and maintenance of assurance fund
 294.12Application of this Part
 294.2Remedies of person deprived of land
 294.21Protection of purchaser in good faith and for value
 294.22Fault of registrar
 294.3Notice of actions against Land Title and Survey Authority
 294.4Liability of plaintiff for costs
 294.5Judgment against person liable
 294.6Limitation of liability of fund
 294.61Recovery limited to value of land
 294.7Payment from fund without action
 294.8Payment by Land Title and Survey Authority
 294.9Withholding of payment until proceedings concluded
Part 20 — Government Assurance Fund
 294.91Definition
 295Maintenance of assurance fund
 295.1Application of this Part
 296Remedies of person deprived of land
 297Protection of purchaser in good faith and for value
 298Fault of registrar
 299Notice of actions against minister
 300Liability of plaintiff for costs
 301Actions against minister
 302Judgment against person liable
 303Limitation of liability of assurance fund
 304Recovery limited to value of land
 305Payment from assurance fund without action
 306Payment from consolidated revenue fund
 307Withholding of payment until proceedings concluded
Part 21 — Appeals
 308Duty of registrar to notify applicant of refusal of registration
 309Appeal to court
 310Preservation of applications
 311Appeals from decision of registrar
 312Registrar to act on order of court
 313Registrations made under order of court
 314Power of registrar to state case
Part 22 — Notices
 315Powers of registrar regarding preparation and service of notice
 316Personal service
 317Service by mail
 317.1Service by electronic means
 318Substituted service
 319Service if person is dead
 320Effect of service
 321Rights of purchaser for value protected
Part 23 — Special Surveys
 322Definitions
 323Minister may order special survey
 324Apportionment of costs if land within municipality
 325Apportionment of costs if land is in a rural area
 326Power to amend order if land subsequently becomes included within municipality
 327Advancement of costs by municipality or owners
 328Transmittal of copy of order to proper officer and registrar
 329Notice of special survey
 330Surveyor to act under minister
 331Preliminary procedure
 332Supplemental order or direction of minister
 333Procedure for fixing boundary of survey area
 334Transmittal of copy of supplemental order to proper officer and registrar
 335Guiding principles for surveyor
 336Nature of survey
 337Plans
 338Appointment of substituted surveyor
 339Report of surveyor
 340Notice to registrar
 341Notice to corporate officer
 342Notice of completion of survey
 343Notice of hearing
 344Statement of complaint or claim
 345Hearing by minister or other person appointed by him
 346Subpoena
 347Method of conducting hearing
 348Power of minister to decide complaints and claims and make order
 349Principles for determining compensation
 350Approval of survey and plan by Lieutenant Governor in Council
 351Power to vest land
 352Notice of order in council approving of survey
 353Appeal
 354Entry of appeal
 355Registration
 356Method of registration
 357Effect of registration
 358Notice of registration
 359Assessment within municipalities
 360Assessment in rural area
 361Duty of surveyor to destroy conflicting monuments
 362Recovery of compensation and costs
 363Removal of special survey monuments
 364Power of Lieutenant Governor in Council to correct errors
 365Offence and penalty
Part 24 — Registration of Title to Indian Lands
 366Definitions and interpretation
 367Filing of patent
 368Application for registration of Indian land — general
 369Where application affects unregistered Indian land
 370If application affects registered Indian land
 371Other laws not to affect Torrens system
 372Execution of instruments
 373Liability limited
 373.1Not in force. Repealed.
Part 24.01 — Treaty Lands
 373.11Application of Act to treaty lands
Part 24.1 — Nisga'a Lands and Categories A and B Lands
 Division 1 — Treatment of Nisga'a Lands and Institutions
 373.2Effect of indefeasible title to Nisga'a Lands
 373.21Assignment of distinguishing letter by registrar
 373.22Requirements as to subdivision in respect of Nisga'a Lands
 373.23Controlled access highways
 373.3Tender of plan for examination and approval
 373.31Matters to be considered by approving officer on application for approval
 373.32Matters to be considered in respect of land within Nisga'a Lands
 373.33Acceptable descriptions of land
 373.4Dedication by reference or explanatory plan
 373.41Dedication and vesting
 373.42Designation of plans in respect of submerged lands
 373.43Amendment of deposited plan in certain cases
 373.44Deposit of statutory right of way plan
 373.5Nisga'a law to be filed if closing road or public square
 373.51Definitions for applying Part 8
 373.52Cancellation of plans
 373.53Air space
 373.6Rights of owner of surface
 373.61Registration of debt owing to Nisga'a Nation or Nisga'a Village
 373.62Statutory right of way
 373.63Registration of covenant as to use and alienation
 373.64Registration of land vested under Nisga'a law
 373.7Notice of tax sale or redemption of tax sale land
 373.71Effect of registration of title derived from tax sale
 373.72Power of registrar to lodge caveat
 Division 2 — First Registration of Title to Nisga'a Lands
 373.73Plan required with application for first registration
 373.8Conclusive evidence of good safe holding and marketable title
 373.81Additions to Nisga'a Lands
 373.82Execution of instruments in respect of Nisga'a Lands
 Division 3 — Registration of Categories A and B Lands
 373.9Requirements for first registration of Categories A & B Lands
 373.91Effect of indefeasible title to Categories A & B Lands
Part 24.2 — Cancelling Registration of Reserve Lands Registered to Canada
 373.92Cancelling registration of reserve lands registered to Canada
Part 25 — Miscellaneous
 374Record of names
 375Record of registered land
 376Pending applications
 377Searching of records
 378Registrar to provide certificates
 379Certificate as evidence
 380Lost or destroyed instruments
 381Rights of officers of taxing authorities
 382Powers and duties of registrar
 383Registrar to cancel or correct instruments, etc.
 383.1Public Agency Accommodation Act amendments
 383.2Homeowner Protection Act amendments
 384Preservation of registry records and plans
 384.1Records of Land Title and Survey Authority
 385Power to make regulations
 386Fees
 386.1Fees specified in Schedule 2
 386.2Fees payable despite other enactments
 387Offence of fraud
 388Offence of false representation
 389Application of Offence Act
 390Penalties
 391Conviction not to affect liability
 392Contaminated land
 393Transitional
 394Transitional — removal of notations made under the Forest Land Reserve Act
Schedule 1
Schedule 2