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This Act has "Not in Force" sections. See the Table of Legislative Changes.

Land Title Act

[RSBC 1996] CHAPTER 250

Contents
Part 1 — Definitions, Interpretation and Application
 1 Definitions
 2 References
 3 Application to Strata Property Act
Part 2 — Land Title Offices and Officers
 4 Land title districts
 5 Power to constitute and change districts
 6 Land title office
 7 Continuation of existing offices and records
 8 Duty of registrar to provide records affecting land in new district
 9 Director of Land Titles
 10 Registrar and staff
 11 Deputy registrar and assistant deputy registrar
 12 Evidence of authority of officials to act in certain cases
 13 Qualifications for appointment to office
 14 Prohibition of officers and staff acting in conflict with duties
 15 Official seal
 16 Office hours
 17 Repealed
 18 Protection of director and registrar from personal liability
 19 Exemption of registrar from attendance as witness in court
Part 3 — Registration and Its Effect
 20 Unregistered instrument does not pass estate
 21 Unregistered instruments executed and taking effect before July 1, 1905
 22 Operation of instrument as from time of registration
 23 Effect of indefeasible title
 24 Title by prescription abolished
 25 Protection of registered owner against actions for recovery of land
 25.1 Void instruments — interest acquired or not acquired
 26 Registration of a charge
 27 Notice given by registration of charge
 28 Priority of charges based on priority of registration
 29 Effect of notice of unregistered interest
 30 Notice of unregistered interest as affecting registered owner of charge
 31 Priority of caveat or certificate of pending litigation
 32 Validity of registered voluntary conveyance
 33 Equitable mortgage or lien not registrable
 34 Registration of indefeasible title by court order
 35 Admissibility of instruments
 36 Completion of registration
 37 Registration effective from time of application
 38 Registrar to create official record of instruments and documents
Part 4 — Forms of Instruments
 39 Registrable instruments
 40 Order in Council transferring government rights in highway
Part 5 — Attestation and Proof of Execution of Instruments
 41 Definitions
 42 Witnessing and execution
 43 Witnessing — individuals
 44 Witnessing — corporations
 45 Witnessing — individual power of attorney
 46 Witnessing — corporate power of attorney
 47 Witnessing — persons not fluent in English
 47.1 Repealed
 48 Execution under seal
 49 If instrument not witnessed
 50 Defects
Part 6 — Powers of Attorney and Representation Agreements
 51 Deposit of power of attorney on registration of instrument
 52 Attorney's powers extend to after acquired land
 53 Index of powers of attorney
 54 Effect of execution of second power of attorney
 55 Power of personal representative or trustee
 56 Power of attorney valid for 3 years only
 57 Revocation of power of attorney
Part 7 — Descriptions and Plans
 Division 1 — General
 58 Description of land
 59 Public official plan
 60 Description in Crown grant
 61 Registration of title to Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Company land
 62 Subsequent descriptions of land
 63 Description by parcels shown on subdivision plan
 64 Substitution for metes and bounds or abbreviated description
 65 Assignment of distinguishing letter to remainder
 66 Assignment of distinguishing letter by registrar
 67 Requirements as to subdivision and reference plans
 68 Posting plan
 69 Block outline survey
 70 Explanatory plan of block or lot in Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Company grant
 71 Composite plans
 72 When composite plan not to be deposited
 Division 2 — Subdivision of Land
 73 Restrictions on subdivision
 73.1 Lease of part of a parcel of land enforceable
 74 Method of defining new parcel
 75 Requirements for subdivisions
 76 Relief from requirements established by section 75
 Division 3 — Appointment, Powers and Duties of Approving Officers
 77 Appointment of municipal approving officers
 77.1 Appointment of regional district and islands trust approving officers
 77.2 Provincial approving officers
 77.21 Appointment of treaty first nation approving officers
 77.3 Nisga'a approving officer
 78 Certain designations prohibited on subdivision plans
 79 Repealed
 80 Controlled access highways
 81 Land in improvement districts
 82 Repealed
 Division 4 — Approval of Subdivision Plans
 83 Tender of plan for examination and approval
 83.1 Referral to designated highways official
 84 Plan tendered later than 3 months after survey
 85 Time limit for approval and consideration of public interest
 85.1 Environmental Management Act requirements must be met
 86 Matters to be considered by approving officer on application for approval
 87 Local government matters to be considered by approving officer
 88 Approval of plan
 89 Appeal to Supreme Court
 90 Power of Lieutenant Governor in Council to prohibit deposit of plan
 Division 5 — Deposit of Subdivision Plans
 91 Approval of subdivision plan required
 92 Application for deposit
 93 Title to land in plan required to be registered
 94 Endorsement of certificate
 95 Accreted land within plan
 96 Water boundary deemed to be natural boundary
 97 Signatures of owners to plan
 98 New indefeasible titles for parcels shown on deposited plan
 Division 6 — Other Methods of Defining New Parcels
 99 Registrar to determine whether description of land acceptable
 100 Re-establishment of boundaries
 101 Principles guiding approving officer
 102 Dedication by reference or explanatory plan
 103 Execution of plan by owner
 104 Serial deposit number
 Division 7 — Conflicting Measurements
 105 Power of registrar if measurements on plans conflict
 106 Power of registrar to correct errors, defects or omissions
 Division 8 — Vesting of Title by Deposit of Plan
 107 Dedication and vesting
 108 If designation on plan "Returned to Crown in right of the Province"
 109 Extinguishment of highway not shown on plan
 Division 9 — Amendment of Plan
 110 Amendment of deposited plan in certain cases
 Division 10 — Penalties If Plan Not Deposited
 111 Rights of purchaser when plan not deposited
 112 Penalty for failure to deposit plan of subdivision
 Division 11 — Statutory Right of Way Plans
 113 Deposit
 114 Statutory right of way plan may be used in application to register fee simple
 115 Deposit of statutory right of way plan
 116 Requirements of statutory right of way plans
 117 Widening of statutory right of way
 118 When water boundary deemed natural boundary
 119 Alteration in deposited statutory right of way plan
 Division 12 — Plans and Descriptions to Accompany Bylaws
 120 Municipal bylaw cancelling highway or public square dedication
Part 8 — Cancellation of Plans
 121 Definitions and interpretation
 122 Cancellation of plans by application to the registrar
 123 Petition to cancel plan
 124 Report of approving officer and district highways manager
 125 Service of petition and other documents
 126 Publication and posting
 127 Notice of intention to appear
 128 Place of hearing
 129 Powers of registrar in relation to the hearing
 130 Duties of registrar on hearing the petition
 131 Powers of the registrar to cancel or alter a plan
 132 Opposition by local authority
 133 Opposition by minister
 134 Preparation and registration of order
 135 Registrar may vest an estate in fee simple
 136 Cancellation by minister of plan comprising Crown land
 137 Cancellation of interior lines
Part 9 — Air Space Titles
 138 Definitions
 139 Air space is land
 140 Covenant to grant easements or to convey restrictive covenants not implied
 141 Subdivision of land into air space parcels
 142 Air space parcels in respect of highways
 143 Air space plan
 144 Air space plan
 145 Taxation
 146 Application
Part 10 — Applications for Registration and Evidence in Support
 147 Application required
 148 Form and manner of applying
 149 Address of applicant
 150 Particulars as to witness and parties to instrument
 151 Repealed
 152 Description of foreign government
 153 Time of application
 154 Application for registration of fee simple
 155 Application for registration of charge
 156 Application must be for all lands or charges comprised in instrument
 157 Forms
 158 Restrictions as to scope of application
 159 Registrar may require deposit of instruments
 160 Summons to produce instruments
 161 Application to court to compel production or deposit of instruments
 162 Powers of court on hearing
 163 Notice of intention to register
 164 Registration after notice
 165 Corporate powers assumed
 166 Disposal of instruments deposited
 167 Withdrawal of application
 168 Summary rejection of defective application
Part 10.1 — Electronic Filing
 Division 1 — Interpretation
 168.1 Definitions
 168.11 Repealed
 Division 1.1 — Establishment of Electronic Forms and Electronic Filing
 168.111 Powers respecting electronic forms and filing
 Division 2 — Electronic Applications and Instruments
 168.12 Provisions inapplicable to electronic instruments and applications
 168.2 Effect of electronic applications and instruments
 168.21 Form and manner of completion
 168.3 Signing requirements
 168.31 Delivery of electronic instruments
 168.4 Submitting electronic applications and instruments
 168.41 Supporting documents
 168.42 Corrective declarations
 168.5 Electronic instrument taking effect as a deed
 168.51 Production of evidence
 168.6 Evidentiary matters
 168.61 Admissibility of true copy of electronic instrument
 168.7 Disposal of electronic applications and instruments
 Division 2.1 — Electronic Plan Applications and Electronic Plans
 168.712 Provisions applicable to electronic plan applications and electronic plans
 168.72 Effect of electronic plan applications and electronic plans
 168.721 Form and manner of completion
 168.722 Assignment of serial deposit numbers to electronic plans
 168.73 Signing requirements for electronic plans — British Columbia land surveyor
 168.731 Signing requirements for electronic plan applications — persons other than subscribers
 168.732 Signing requirements for electronic plan applications — subscribers
 168.74 Submitting electronic plan applications and electronic plans
 168.741 Supporting documents
 168.742 Corrective declarations
 168.743 Amendments to electronic plans
 168.75 Production of evidence
 168.76 Evidentiary matters
 168.761 Admissibility of true copy of electronic plan application or electronic plan
 168.77 Disposal of electronic plan applications and electronic plans
 Division 3 — Certification of Subscribers
 168.71 Repealed
 168.79 Certification authority
 168.8 Certification practice statement
 168.81 Warranties of certification authorities
 168.82 Immunity
 Division 4 — General
 168.9 Offences
 168.91 Repealed
Part 11 — Registration of Title in Fee Simple
 Division 1 — First Registration
 169 Registration of title
 170 Requirements as to production of title deeds
 171 Adverse possession
 172 First estate of inheritance necessary to registration of fee simple
 173 Several persons interested in registration
 174 Application to convert absolute fee into indefeasible title
 Division 2 — The Register and Duplicate Indefeasible Titles
 175 Register and records
 176 Duplicate indefeasible title
 177 Registration of joint tenants
 Division 3 — General
 178 Limitation on number of parcels
 179 Rights of owner of surface
 180 Recognition of trust estates
 181 Interest or right reserved to transferor
 182 Registration of restrictive covenants and easements
 183 Entries carried forward from original entry
 184 Registration of grantor a condition precedent
Part 12 — Transfers
 185 Form of transfer
 186 Implied covenants
 187 Registration of transferee
 188 Registration by amendment to register
 189 Dealings with duplicate indefeasible title on transfer
 190 Destruction of duplicate indefeasible title
Part 13 — Dealings With Indefeasible Title Other Than by Registration
 191 Registration of new indefeasible title and change of name
 192 Registration of several indefeasible titles instead of original
 193 Lost indefeasible certificate of title
 194 Effect given to new or provisional indefeasible title
 195 Surrender of duplicate indefeasible title on registration of charge
 196 Provisional title may issue to minerals
Part 14 — Registration of Title to Charges
 Division 1 — General
 197 Registration of charges
 198 Registration of person creating charge
 199 Registration of subcharges
 200 No subright to purchase registrable
 201 Registration of assignment of charge
 202 Repealed
 203 Floating charges on land
 204 Registration of debt to the government as a charge
 205 Writ of affecting land
 206 Registration of transfer, extension or modification of charges
 207 Form of postponement
 208 Certificates of charge
 209 Transfer of mortgage
 Division 2 — Judgments
 210 Registration of judgments in same manner as charge
 211 Registration of assignment of judgment and form of assignment
 212 Notice to judgment creditor of intention to register
 213 Costs on failure to establish priority
 214 Form of release
 Division 3 — Certificate of Pending Litigation
 215 Registration of certificate of pending litigation in same manner as charge
 216 Effect of registered certificate of pending litigation
 217 Effect of certificate of pending litigation if prior application is pending
 Division 4 — Statutory Rights of Way, Miscellaneous Covenants and Easements
 218 Statutory right of way
 219 Registration of covenant as to use and alienation
 220 Statutory building scheme and letting scheme
 221 Requirements of registrable restrictive covenant
 222 Discriminating covenants are void
 223 Subdivision of dominant tenement
 Division 4.1 — Party Wall Agreements
 223.1 Definitions
 223.2 Binding effect
 Division 5 — Mortgages
 224 Definition
 225 Form of mortgage
 226 Modification of standard terms
 227 Prescribed standard mortgage terms
 228 Filed standard mortgage terms
 229 Receipt of standard mortgage terms by mortgagor
 230 Registrar may require filing
 231 Effect of a mortgage
 Division 6 — General Instruments
 232 Definitions and application
 233 Form of general instrument
 234 Modification of standard terms of general instrument
 235 Filed standard general instrument terms
 236 Effect of a general instrument
 237 Release of registered charge
Part 15 — Instruments
 238 Registration of instruments
 239 Floating charges on land
 240 Suspension and alteration
Part 16 — Cancellation of Charges
 241 Cancellation of registration of charge
 242 Application to cancel mortgage created by vendor
 243 Redemption of mortgage if mortgagee absent
 244 Mortgagee's refusal or neglect to give discharge
 245 Vesting order in favour of purchaser
 246 Cancellation if charge determined by effluxion of time
 247 Cancellation of lease on breach of covenant
 248 Effect of cancellation
 249 Power of court to order cancellation of charge
 250 Cancellation of charge on payment into court
 251 Application to court
 252 Cancellation of certificate of pending litigation
 253 Cancellation of certificate of pending litigation if action discontinued
 254 Cancellation of certificate of pending litigation if action dismissed
 255 If action neither dismissed nor discontinued
 256 Cancellation of certificate of pending litigation on other grounds
 257 Power of court to order cancellation
 258 Cancellation of registration
 259 Discharge of mortgage
Part 17 — Transmission of Fee Simple and Charge
 Division 1 — General
 260 Registration of transmission before subsequent dealing
 261 Conveyance under Court Order Enforcement Act or Builders Lien Act
 262 Registration of land vested in Crown by statute
 Division 2 — On Death of Will-Maker or Intestate
 263 Definitions
 264 Power and title of personal representative on registration
 265 Death before April 1, 1947
 266 Death after March 31, 1947
 267 Discharge of mortgage
 268 When resealing may be dispensed with
 Division 3 — On Death of Joint Tenant
 269 Transmission re joint tenancies
 270 Discharge of mortgage by surviving joint tenant
 Division 4 — On Foreclosure
 271 Presumption as to regularity of foreclosure and cancellation proceedings
 Division 5 — Tax Sales
 272 Notice of tax sale as to each parcel sold
 273 Notice of redemption of tax sale land
 274 Application to other Acts
 275 Registration of tax sale purchaser under Taxation (Rural Area) Act
 276 Effect of registration of title derived from tax sale
 277 Provincial tax sale purchaser under repealed Acts
 278 Land forfeited to or vested in Crown
 279 Tax sales held under Taxation (Rural Area) Act
 280 Application to the government
Part 18 — Notice of Certain Conditions and Obligations
 281 Forest Act
Part 19 — Caveats
 282 Lodging caveat
 283 Right of registered owner to lodge caveat
 284 Power of court to issue injunction
 285 Power of registrar to lodge caveat
 286 Form of caveat
 287 Duty of registrar on receipt of caveat
 288 Effect of caveat
 289 Proceedings for discharge of caveat
 290 Withdrawal of caveat
 291 Further caveat lodged after caveat has lapsed, been withdrawn or discharged
 292 Registration of withdrawal, lapse or discharge of caveat
 293 Lapse of caveat
 294 Compensation if caveat lodged wrongfully
Part 19.1 — Land Title and Survey Authority Assurance Fund
 294.1 Definition
 294.11 Establishment and maintenance of assurance fund
 294.12 Application of this Part
 294.2 Remedies of person deprived of land
 294.21 Protection of purchaser in good faith and for value
 294.22 Fault of registrar
 294.3 Notice of actions against Land Title and Survey Authority
 294.4 Liability of plaintiff for costs
 294.5 Judgment against person liable
 294.6 Limitation of liability of fund
 294.61 Recovery limited to value of land
 294.7 Payment from fund without action
 294.8 Payment by Land Title and Survey Authority
 294.9 Withholding of payment until proceedings concluded
Part 20 — Government Assurance Fund
 294.91 Definition
 295 Maintenance of assurance fund
 295.1 Application of this Part
 296 Remedies of person deprived of land
 297 Protection of purchaser in good faith and for value
 298 Fault of registrar
 299 Notice of actions against minister
 300 Liability of plaintiff for costs
 301 Actions against minister
 302 Judgment against person liable
 303 Limitation of liability of assurance fund
 304 Recovery limited to value of land
 305 Payment from assurance fund without action
 306 Payment from consolidated revenue fund
 307 Withholding of payment until proceedings concluded
Part 21 — Appeals
 308 Duty of registrar to notify applicant of refusal of registration
 309 Appeal to court
 310 Preservation of applications
 311 Appeals from decision of registrar
 312 Registrar to act on order of court
 313 Registrations made under order of court
 314 Power of registrar to state case
Part 22 — Notices
 315 Powers of registrar regarding preparation and service of notice
 316 Personal service
 317 Service by mail
 317.1 Service by electronic means
 318 Substituted service
 319 Service if person is dead
 320 Effect of service
 321 Rights of purchaser for value protected
Part 23 — Special Surveys
 322 Definitions
 323 Minister may order special survey
 324 Apportionment of costs if land within municipality
 325 Apportionment of costs if land is in a rural area
 326 Power to amend order if land subsequently becomes included within municipality
 327 Advancement of costs by municipality or owners
 328 Transmittal of copy of order to proper officer and registrar
 329 Notice of special survey
 330 Surveyor to act under minister
 331 Preliminary procedure
 332 Supplemental order or direction of minister
 333 Procedure for fixing boundary of survey area
 334 Transmittal of copy of supplemental order to proper officer and registrar
 335 Guiding principles for surveyor
 336 Nature of survey
 337 Plans
 338 Appointment of substituted surveyor
 339 Report of surveyor
 340 Notice to registrar
 341 Notice to corporate officer
 342 Notice of completion of survey
 343 Notice of hearing
 344 Statement of complaint or claim
 345 Hearing by minister or other person appointed by him
 346 Subpoena
 347 Method of conducting hearing
 348 Power of minister to decide complaints and claims and make order
 349 Principles for determining compensation
 350 Approval of survey and plan by Lieutenant Governor in Council
 351 Power to vest land
 352 Notice of order in council approving of survey
 353 Appeal
 354 Entry of appeal
 355 Registration
 356 Method of registration
 357 Effect of registration
 358 Notice of registration
 359 Assessment within municipalities
 360 Assessment in rural area
 361 Duty of surveyor to destroy conflicting monuments
 362 Recovery of compensation and costs
 363 Removal of special survey monuments
 364 Power of Lieutenant Governor in Council to correct errors
 365 Offence and penalty
Part 24 — Registration of Title to Indian Lands
 366 Definitions and interpretation
 367 Filing of patent
 368 Application for registration of Indian land — general
 369 Where application affects unregistered Indian land
 370 If application affects registered Indian land
 371 Other laws not to affect Torrens system
 372 Execution of instruments
 373 Liability limited
 373.1 Not in force. Repealed.
Part 24.01 — Treaty Lands
 373.11 Application of Act to treaty lands
Part 24.1 — Nisga'a Lands and Categories A and B Lands
 Division 1 — Treatment of Nisga'a Lands and Institutions
 373.2 Effect of indefeasible title to Nisga'a Lands
 373.21 Assignment of distinguishing letter by registrar
 373.22 Requirements as to subdivision in respect of Nisga'a Lands
 373.23 Controlled access highways
 373.3 Tender of plan for examination and approval
 373.31 Matters to be considered by approving officer on application for approval
 373.32 Matters to be considered in respect of land within Nisga'a Lands
 373.33 Acceptable descriptions of land
 373.4 Dedication by reference or explanatory plan
 373.41 Dedication and vesting
 373.42 Designation of plans in respect of submerged lands
 373.43 Amendment of deposited plan in certain cases
 373.44 Deposit of statutory right of way plan
 373.5 Nisga'a law to be filed if closing road or public square
 373.51 Definitions for applying Part 8
 373.52 Cancellation of plans
 373.53 Air space
 373.6 Rights of owner of surface
 373.61 Registration of debt owing to Nisga'a Nation or Nisga'a Village
 373.62 Statutory right of way
 373.63 Registration of covenant as to use and alienation
 373.64 Registration of land vested under Nisga'a law
 373.7 Notice of tax sale or redemption of tax sale land
 373.71 Effect of registration of title derived from tax sale
 373.72 Power of registrar to lodge caveat
 Division 2 — First Registration of Title to Nisga'a Lands
 373.73 Plan required with application for first registration
 373.8 Conclusive evidence of good safe holding and marketable title
 373.81 Additions to Nisga'a Lands
 373.82 Execution of instruments in respect of Nisga'a Lands
 Division 3 — Registration of Categories A and B Lands
 373.9 Requirements for first registration of Categories A & B Lands
 373.91 Effect of indefeasible title to Categories A & B Lands
Part 24.2 — Cancelling Registration of Reserve Lands Registered to Canada
 373.92 Cancelling registration of reserve lands registered to Canada
Part 25 — Miscellaneous
 374 Record of names
 375 Record of registered land
 376 Pending applications
 377 Searching of records
 378 Registrar to provide certificates
 379 Certificate as evidence
 380 Lost or destroyed instruments
 381 Rights of officers of taxing authorities
 382 Powers and duties of registrar
 383 Registrar to cancel or correct instruments, etc.
 383.1 Public Agency Accommodation Act amendments
 383.2 Homeowner Protection Act amendments
 384 Preservation of registry records and plans
 384.1 Records of Land Title and Survey Authority
 385 Power to make regulations
 386 Fees
 386.1 Fees specified in Schedule 2
 386.2 Fees payable despite other enactments
 387 Offence of fraud
 388 Offence of false representation
 389 Application of Offence Act
 390 Penalties
 391 Conviction not to affect liability
 392 Contaminated land
 393 Transitional
 394 Transitional — removal of notations made under the Forest Land Reserve Act
Schedule 1
Schedule 2