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B.C. Reg. 296/97
Deposited September 8, 1997
effective April 15, 1998

Workers Compensation Act

Occupational Health and Safety Regulation

Note: Check the Cumulative Regulation Bulletin 2015 and 2016
for any non-consolidated amendments to this regulation that may be in effect.

[includes amendments up to B.C. Reg. 30/2015, August 4, 2015]

Link to Point in Time

Part 1 — Definitions
Part 2 — Application
 2.1Scope of application
 2.2General duty
 2.3Conflict with a code or standard
 2.5Inspection reports
 2.6Notification of compliance
 2.7Notice to workers
Part 3 — Rights and Responsibilities
 Occupational Health and Safety Programs
 3.1When program required
 3.2Small operations
 3.3Contents of program
 3.4Incident investigation reports
 Workplace Inspections
 3.5General requirement
 3.7Special inspections
 3.8Committee participation
 Correction of Unsafe Conditions
 3.9Remedy without delay
 3.10Reporting unsafe conditions
 3.11Emergency circumstances
 Refusal of Unsafe Work
 3.12Procedure for refusal
 3.13No discriminatory action
 Occupational First Aid
 3.15First aid attendant qualifications
 3.16Basic requirements
 3.17First aid procedures
 3.17.1Air transportation
 3.18Communication and availability
 3.19First aid records
 3.20Multiple employer workplaces
 3.21First aid attendant responsibilities
 Young or New Workers
 3.23Young or new worker orientation and training
 3.24Additional orientation and training
Schedule 3-A
Part 4 — General Conditions
 Buildings, Structures and Equipment
 4.1Safe workplace
 4.1.1Avalanche risk assessment and safety plan
 4.1.2Avalanche risk assessment and safety plan exception
 4.2Safe buildings and structures
 4.3Safe machinery and equipment
 4.4Conformity to standards
 4.5Manuals and information
 4.7Information on rated capacity
 4.8Rated capacity
 4.9Inspection and maintenance records
 4.12Circumvention of safeguards
 Emergency Preparedness and Response
 4.13Risk assessment
 4.14Emergency procedures
 4.17Notification of fire departments
 4.18Notification of utility service providers
 4.19Physical or mental impairment
 4.20Impairment by alcohol, drug or other substance
 Working Alone or in Isolation
 4.20.2Hazard identification, elimination and control
 4.21Procedures for checking well-being of worker
 4.22.1Late night retail safety procedures and requirements
 4.22.2Mandatory prepayment for fuel
 4.23Annual review of procedures
 Workplace Conduct
 Violence in the Workplace
 4.28Risk assessment
 4.29Procedures and policies
 4.30Instruction of workers
 4.31Advice to consult physician
 Work Area Requirements
 4.32Access to work areas
 4.33Arrangement of work areas
 4.34Restricted entry
 4.35Door installations
 4.37Restricted visibility
 4.38Extreme temperatures
 4.39Slipping and tripping hazards
 4.40Wet floors
 4.41Waste material
 4.42Cleaning with compressed air
 Storing and Handling Materials
 4.43Stacking materials
 4.45Falling materials
 Ergonomics (MSI) Requirements
 4.47Risk identification
 4.48Risk assessment
 4.49Risk factors
 4.50Risk control
 4.51Education and training
 Work Area Guards and Handrails
 4.55Guardrail locations
 4.57Elevated workers
 4.58Specifications for guards and guardrails
 4.58.1Temporary removal of guardrails
 4.59Floor and roof openings
 4.62Handrails on stairways
 4.63Vehicle travel areas
 4.65Illumination levels
Table 4-1: Illumination levels for task categories
 4.66Means of illumination
 4.67Brightness, reflectance and glare
 4.68Illumination measurement
 4.69Emergency lighting
 Indoor Air Quality
 4.71Submitting plans
 4.72Design and operation
 4.73Building modifications
 4.76Ventilation openings
 4.77Discharged air
 4.78Preventive maintenance
 4.80Temperature and humidity
 Environmental Tobacco Smoke
 4.81Controlling exposure
 Occupational Environment Requirements
 4.84Eating areas
 4.85Washroom facilities
 4.86Change areas
 4.87Unsafe water
Schedule 4-A
Part 5 — Chemical Agents and Biological Agents
 5.1.1Designation as hazardous substances
 5.2General information requirement
 Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS)
 5.5WHMIS program
 5.6Worker education
 5.7Worker training
 5.8Supplier label
 5.9Workplace label for employer-produced products
 5.10Workplace label for decanted products
 5.11Piping systems and vessels
 5.12Placard identifiers
 5.13Laboratory label
 5.14Supplier SDS
 5.15Employer SDS
 5.16Availability of an SDS
 5.16.1Availability of toxicological data
 5.17Deletions from an SDS
 5.18Confidential business information and claims for exemption under the HMIRA
 Containers and Storage
 5.20Condition of containers
 5.21Material integrity
 5.23Permitted quantities
 5.24Incompatible substances
 5.25Storage practices
 5.26Storage area
 Flammable and Combustible Substances
 5.27Ignition sources
 5.28Grounding or bonding
 5.29Electrostatic charge
 5.31Flammable gas or vapour
 5.32Manual cleaning
 5.33Permitted quantities
 5.34Combustible materials
 5.35Cabinet vent
 Substances Under Pressure
 5.37Pressure testing
 5.38Handling and securing cylinders
 5.39Cylinder markings
 5.40Cylinder valves
 5.43Empty cylinders
 5.44Acetylene cylinders
 5.45Restriction on use of copper
 5.46Restriction on use of oxygen
 Controlling Exposure
 5.48Exposure limits
 5.49Excursion limits
 5.50Extended work periods
 5.51Additive effects
 5.52Skin designation
 5.53Workplace monitoring
 5.54Exposure control plan
 5.55Type of controls
 5.56Oxygen deficiency
 5.57Designated substances
 5.58Protective policy
 5.59Investigating symptoms
 5.61Engineering principles
 5.62Submitting plans
 5.63Building modifications
 5.64Controlling air contaminants
 5.65Worker location
 5.66Ventilation openings
 5.68Failure warning
 5.69Makeup air
 5.70Discharged air
Table 5-1: Recirculation of discharged air
 5.71Flammable air contaminants
 Internal Combustion Engines
 5.72Venting outdoors
 5.73Indoor operation
 5.74Emission controls
 5.75Mobile equipment emission controls
 Hazardous Wastes and Emissions
 5.79Sale or disposal
 5.80Sharp-edged waste
 5.81Combustible dust
 Personal Hygiene
 5.82Employer's responsibility
 5.83Worker's responsibility
 Emergency Washing Facilities
 5.85Where required
 5.86Water supply
 5.88Risk assessment
 5.89Equipment required
 5.90Transient worksites
 5.91Remote worksites
 5.95Protection from freezing
Table 5-2: Risk assessment
Table 5-3: Provision and location of emergency washing equipment
 5.96Valve operation
 Emergency Procedures
 5.97Emergency plan
 5.99Risk assessment
 5.100Procedures for evacuation
 5.101Procedures for spill cleanup and re-entry
 5.102Training and drills
Table 5-4: Exposure limits and designations
Part 6 — Substance Specific Requirements
 General Requirements
 6.3Exposure control plan
 6.6Assessment and classification
 6.7Control of asbestos fibre
 6.11Instruction and training
 Designated Work Areas and Containments
 6.13Designated area
 6.14Permanent enclosure design
 6.15Glove bags
 6.16High risk work
 6.17Containment ventilation
 6.18Local exhaust ventilation
 6.19Filter testing
 Other Means of Controlling Exposure to Asbestos
 6.20Protecting work surfaces
 6.21Preventing spread
 6.22Wetting material
 6.23Repairing damaged material
 6.24Friction materials
 Waste Handling and Disposal
 6.25Sealed containers
 6.26Cleaning containers and equipment
 6.27Waste removal
 6.28Waste disposal
 Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment
 6.29Respiratory protection
 6.30Protective clothing
 6.31Information to laundry workers
 6.32Types of records
 Biological Agents
 6.34Exposure control plan
 6.37Labels and identification
 6.40Medical evaluation
 Cytotoxic Drugs
 6.43Exposure control plan
 6.49Reproductive toxins
 6.53Drug preparation and administration
 6.55Personal protective equipment
 6.56Personal hygiene
 6.57Waste disposal
 6.60Exposure control plan
 6.61Air monitoring in construction projects
 6.62Warning signs
 6.63Personal hygiene
 6.64Work surfaces
 6.65Lead removal
 6.66Instruction and training
 6.67Health protection
 6.69Primary lead smelters
 General Requirements
 6.72Pesticide labels
 6.73Labels and signs for treated materials
 6.74Pesticide use
 6.76Informing workers
 Mixing, Loading and Applying Pesticides
 6.79Health protection
 6.81General requirements
 6.82Fixed stations
 6.83Mobile equipment
 Pesticide Application
 6.84Safe application practice
 6.85Posting warning signs
 6.86Design of warning signs
 6.87Warning signs for non-fumigants
 6.88Warning signs for fumigants
 6.89Restricted entry intervals
 6.90Authorization to enter
 6.92Cleanup of residues
 6.93Pesticide drift
 Personal Hygiene
 6.95Wash and shower facilities
 6.96Worker cleanup
 6.97Personal protective clothing and equipment
 Avicides, Predicides, Rodenticides and Insecticidal Baits
 6.99Preventive measures
 6.101Storage facilities
 6.102Retail displays
 Antisapstain Applications
 6.105Cleaning equipment
 6.106Excess chemical
 6.107Protective clothing
 Rock Dust
 6.111Dust control
 6.112Restricted access
 6.113Rock drills
 6.114Rock crushing plants
 6.115Asphalt mixing plants
 Toxic Process Gases
 6.118Risk assessment
 6.119Exposure control plan
 6.121Education and training
 6.125Emergency ventilation
 6.126Shut-down device
 6.127Personal protective equipment
 6.128Monitors and alarms
 6.129Pressure relief alarm systems
 6.130Identification of controls
 6.131Piping systems
Part 7 — Noise, Vibration, Radiation and Temperature
 Division 1 — Noise Exposure
 7.2Noise exposure limits
 7.3Noise measurement required
 7.5Noise control and hearing conservation program
 7.6Engineered noise control
 7.7Hearing protection and warning signs
 7.8Hearing tests
 7.9Records to be kept
 Division 2 — Vibration Exposure
 7.11Vibration exposure limits
 7.12Evaluation of vibration
 7.13Vibration exposure control obligations
 7.14Information about vibration hazards
 7.16Exposure to cold and hand-arm vibration
 Division 3 — Radiation Exposure
 7.19Exposure limits
 7.20Exposure control plan
 7.21Reproductive hazards
 7.22Monitoring exposure
 7.23Standards for use of equipment
 7.24Radiation surveys
 Division 4 — Thermal Exposure
 Heat Exposure
 7.28Exposure limits
 7.29Heat stress assessment and exposure control plan
 7.30Heat stress controls
 7.31Provision of water
 7.32Removal from and treatment for heat exposure
 Cold Exposure
 7.34Cold stress assessment and exposure control plan
 7.35Cold stress controls
 7.36Heated shelters
 7.37Clothing and personal protective equipment
 7.38Removal and treatment
Part 8 — Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment
 General Requirements
 8.2Responsibility to provide
 8.3Selection, use and maintenance
 8.4Workplace evaluation
 8.6Annual review
 8.8Supervisor's responsibilities
 8.9Worker's responsibilities
 8.10Personal clothing and accessories
 Safety Headgear
 8.11General requirement
 8.12Use with all-terrain vehicles, snowmobiles and motorcycles
 8.13Use with bicycles and skates
 Eye and Face Protection
 8.14Safety eyewear
 8.15Prescription safety eyewear
 8.17Face protection
 8.18Contact lenses
 Limb and Body Protection
 8.19General requirement
 8.20Cleaning or replacement
 8.21Leg protection
 8.22General requirement
 8.23Slippery surfaces
 High Visibility and Distinguishing Apparel
 8.24High visibility apparel
 8.25Distinguishing apparel
 Buoyancy Equipment
 8.26When required
 8.27Compliance with standards
 8.28Working alone
 8.29Automatically inflatable lifejackets
 8.30Retroreflective material
 Flame Resistant Clothing
 8.31When required
 8.32When respirator required
 8.34Maximum use concentration
Table 8-1: Respirator protection factors
 8.35IDLH or oxygen deficient atmosphere
 8.36Emergency escape respirators
 8.37Respirable air quality
 8.38Corrective eyewear
 8.39Face seal
 8.40Fit tests
 8.41User seal check
 8.42Medical assessment
 8.43Optional use
 8.45Maintenance and inspections
Schedule 8-A
Part 9 — Confined Spaces
 General Requirements
 9.2Initial determination
 9.3Prohibited entry
 9.4Control of hazards
 9.5Confined space entry program
 Hazard Assessment and Work Procedures
 9.9Hazard assessment
 Identification and Entry Permits
 9.13When permits required
 9.14Contents of permit
 9.15Updating the information
 9.16Record of permit
 Lockout and Control of Harmful Substances
 9.18Control of harmful substance in adjacent piping
 9.19Isolation points
 9.20Blanks and blinds
 9.21Double block and bleed
 9.22Alternative measures of control or isolation of adjacent piping
 9.23Discharge area
 Verification and Testing
 9.24Verifying all precautions
 9.25Testing the atmosphere
 9.26Procedures and equipment
 Cleaning, Purging, Venting and Inerting
 9.27Cleaning, purging and venting
 9.28Risk control
 9.30Continuous ventilation
 9.31Low hazard atmospheres
 9.32Mechanical ventilation
 9.33Natural ventilation
 Standby Persons
 9.34Low hazard atmosphere
 9.35Moderate hazard atmosphere
 9.36High hazard atmosphere, engulfment or entrapment
 9.37Provision of rescue services
 9.38Equipment and training
 9.40Summoning rescue
 9.41Rescue procedures
 Lifelines, Harnesses and Lifting Equipment
 9.42When required
 9.44Line entanglement
 9.45Additional workers
 Personal Protective Equipment and Other Precautions
 9.47Emergency escape respirator
 9.48Compressed gas cylinders
 9.49Torches and hoses
 9.50Electrical equipment
 9.51Non-sparking tools
Part 10 — De-energization and Lockout
 10.2General requirement
 10.3When lockout required
 10.4Lockout procedures
 10.5Access to energy isolating devices
 10.6Checking locked out equipment
 10.7Worker responsibilities
 10.8Removal of locks
 10.9Group lockout procedure
 10.10Alternative procedures
 10.11Locks not required
 10.12Work on energized equipment
Part 11 — Fall Protection
 11.2Obligation to use fall protection
 11.3Fall protection plan
 11.4Selection of harness or belt
 11.5Equipment standards
 11.7Temporary horizontal lifelines
 11.8Certification by engineer
 11.9Inspection and maintenance
 11.10Removal from service
Part 12 — Tools, Machinery and Equipment
 General Requirements
 12.2Safeguarding requirement
 12.4Effectiveness of safeguards
 12.5Fixed guards
 12.10Identifying unsafe equipment
 12.11Operating controls
 12.12Machinery location
 12.13Marking physical hazards
 12.14Identification of piping
 12.15Restraining devices
 Guarding Mechanical Power Transmission Parts
 12.16Rotating hazards
 12.17Gears and sprockets
 12.18Reciprocating machinery
 12.19Drive belts
 12.20Reaching up
 12.21Flywheels and pulleys
 12.23Belt-type conveyors
 12.24Screw-type conveyors
 12.25Feed points
 12.27Falling materials
 12.28Emergency stopping devices
 Power Presses, Brake Presses and Shears
 12.30Point of operation safeguarding
 12.31Exception for custom work
 12.32Supervisory control
 Feed-rolls and Metal-forming Rolls
 12.35Guard design
 12.36Metal-forming rolls
 Machine Tools
 12.37Splash guards and shields
 12.38Lathe chucks
 12.39Restriction on hand polishing
 12.40Stock projection
 12.42Carriage travel
 12.43Vertical boring mills
 Abrasive Equipment
 12.45Protective hood
 12.46Speed of abrasive wheels
 12.47Grinding prohibitions
 12.48Work rests
 12.49Dust control
 Powder Actuated Tools
 12.52Tool selection
 12.53Tool design
 12.56Tool use
 12.57Limitations on use
 Woodworking Tools and Equipment
 12.58Hand feeding
 12.59Removing guards
 12.60Kickback fingers, splitters and spreaders
 12.61Radial arm saw travel limits
 12.63Sanding machines
 12.64Tenoning machines
 12.65Hand-held circular saws
 12.66Cutting heads
 12.67Band saws
 Mobile Chippers
 12.68Hand-fed chippers
 12.69Self-feeding chippers
 12.70Driven-feed chippers
 12.71Vertically fed chippers
 Chain Saws
 12.73Stopping chain movement
 Automotive Lifts and Other Vehicle Supports
 12.75Assembly and installation
 12.78Inspection and testing
 12.79Rated capacity
 12.80.1Vehicle restraint
 12.80.2Swing-arm restraint
 Miscellaneous Equipment
 12.82Pneumatic nailing and stapling tools
 12.83Industrial robots
 Drilling Rock or Similar Materials
 12.84General requirement
 12.85Drilling equipment
 12.86Control location
 12.87Boom hazard
 12.88Drill jumbos
 12.89Drilling procedures
 12.90Rod handling
 12.91Self-propelled drills
 12.92Cleaning drilled holes
 Breaking and Melting Metal
 12.93Breaking metal
 12.94Inspection of linings
 12.95Preventing eruptions
 12.96Inspection of materials
 Abrasive Blasting and High Pressure Washing
 12.98Risk assessment
 12.99Work procedures outside a cabinet
 12.101Reuse prohibition
 12.103Engineering controls
 12.104Exhaust ventilation
 12.105Restricted work zones
 12.106Operating controls
 12.108Jetting gun
 12.109Holding work
 12.110Hose restraint
 12.111Personal protective equipment
 Welding, Cutting and Allied Processes
 12.115Coatings on metals
 12.116Flammable and explosive substances
 12.117Silver solder
 12.118Correct equipment
 12.119Equipment inspection
 12.120Flashback prevention
 12.121Receptacles for stubs
 12.122Radiation protection
 12.123Protective clothing and equipment
 12.124Respiratory protection
 12.125Marking hot work
 12.126Fire extinguishers
 Painting, Coating and Work with Plastics and Resins
 12.130Warning signs
 12.132Air flow
 12.133Control of ignition sources
 12.134Arrester filters
 12.135Respiratory protection
 12.136Disposal of isocyanate containers
 12.138Airless spray equipment
 12.139Design for high pressure
 12.140Heating plastics
 12.141Resin foams
 Laundry and Dry Cleaning Activities
 Dry Cleaning
 12.143Open cleaning prohibited
 12.144Systems and equipment
 12.145Equipment labels
 12.146Solvent handling
 12.147Bulk storage
 12.148Machine ventilation
 12.149General ventilation
 12.150Inspection and repair
 12.151Open flame heaters
 12.152Combustion air supply
 12.154Servicing and maintenance
 12.155Emergency ventilation
 12.156Spotting chemicals
 12.157Supplier responsibility
 12.158Operator responsibility
 Laundry Equipment
 12.159Flatwork ironers
 12.160Roller-type ironers
 12.161Press-type ironers
 12.163Centrifugal extractors
 12.164Laundry chutes
 12.165Laundry carts
 Rail Car Movement
 12.168General requirements
 12.170Riding restriction
 Pressure Vessels
 12.173Pressure relief device — when required
 12.174Pressure relief device — installation
 Roll-on/Roll-off Containers
 12.176Container safety standard
 12.177Protection against specified hazards
 12.178Visual inspection before loading container onto vehicle
 12.179Withdrawal from service
 12.180Inspection following repair
 12.181Periodic inspection
 12.182Records of inspection
 12.183Withdrawal from service following inspection
Part 13 — Ladders, Scaffolds and Temporary Work Platforms
 Division 1 — General
 Division 2 — Ladders
 13.4Manufactured ladders
 13.5Position and stability
 13.6Use restrictions
 Division 3 — Work Platforms
 13.8General requirements
 13.9Lines supporting work platforms
 13.10Hooks and clamps
 13.11Engineering required
 13.12Removal from service
 Division 4 — Scaffolds
 13.14Scaffold platforms
 13.15Manufactured components
 13.16Lumber for structural components
 13.17Scaffold stability
 13.19Electrical hazards
 Division 5 — Movable Work Platforms
 13.20Marking of the equipment
 13.22Maintenance of records
 13.24Work platforms on wheels
 13.25Warning devices on elevating work platforms
 13.26Controls on elevating work platforms
 13.27Cranes and hoists used to suspend work platforms
 13.29Hoisting and lowering work platforms
 13.30Lift truck mounted work platforms
 13.31Powered platforms
 13.32Work in high risk situations
 13.33Fall protection
Part 14 — Cranes and Hoists
 General Requirements
 14.5Rated capacity indication
 14.7Boom angle indicator
 14.8Boom extension and load radius indicators
 14.9Logging exemption
 14.10Reeved-in devices
 14.11Support structure
 14.12Manual and instructions
 14.13Inspection, maintenance and repair
 14.14Inspection and maintenance records
 14.16Certification required
 14.16.1Certification following misadventure
 14.17Access and egress
 14.18Audible warning
 14.19Drop stops
 14.20Rail end stops
 14.22Securing pins
 14.23Boom stops
 14.24Molten metal
 14.26Sheave guards
 14.27Ungrounded supply
 14.29Operator protection
 14.30Cab windows
 14.31Operator's seat
 14.33Fire extinguisher
 Equipment Operation
 14.34Operator qualifications
 14.34.1Operator certification
 14.35Pre-use inspection
 14.36Load weight
 14.37.1Operator's duties
 14.38Safe lifting
 14.39Contact with loads and structures
 14.40Swing and shear hazards
 14.41Position of equipment
 14.42Tandem lift
 14.42.1Critical lift
 14.43Travelling with a load
 14.44Loads over work areas
 14.45Unattended loads
 14.46Vertical load line
 14.48Alternative to hand signals
 14.49Dedicated radio system
 14.49.1Communication between equipment operators
 14.50Unhooking loads
 14.51Riding hook or load
 14.52Induced voltage
 14.52.1Work near high voltage
 Bridge, Gantry and Overhead Travelling Cranes
 14.54Operational and running tests
 14.54.1Detailed inspection
 14.55Uptravel limit
 14.56Electrical conductors
 14.57Power shutoff
 14.58Direction markings
 Pneumatically Powered Hoists and Winches
 14.59Pneumatically powered hoists
 Manually Powered Hoists
 14.62Crank handles
 Mobile Cranes, Boom Trucks and Sign Trucks
 14.64Load weight indicators
 14.66Level turntable
 14.67Outriggers and stabilizers
 14.69Supporting surface
 14.70Travelling with a load
 14.71Annual inspection
 14.72Boom inspection
 14.73Sign trucks
 Tower Cranes
 14.73.2Tower crane erection
 14.74Tower crane support
 14.75Before use
 14.77Structural inspection
 14.78Structures kept clean
 14.79Manual and records
 14.80Counterweights and ballasts
 14.81Limit devices
 14.82Test blocks
 14.83Operator's cab
 14.84Monitoring jib swing
 14.84.1Overlapping operating zones
 14.85Clearance and freedom to slew
 14.91Hoisting ropes
 14.92Wind limitations
 14.93Temperature limitations
 Construction Material Hoists
 14.96Certifications and instructions
 14.97Rider restriction
 Chimney Hoists
 14.116Permission to use
 14.118Support structures
 14.119Load rating
Schedule 14-A
Part 15 — Rigging
 General Requirements
 15.2Qualified riggers
 15.3Detaching loads
 15.4Use of rigging
 15.5Component identification
 15.6Design factors
Table 15-1: Minimum Design Factors for Rigging
 15.7Wire rope on mobile cranes
 15.8Natural fibre rope
 15.9Wedge socket connections
 15.10Open hook restriction
 15.11Securing pins
 15.12Replacing pins
 15.14Securing ropes to drums
 15.15Wraps required
 15.16Reeving lines
 15.19Spooling rope
 15.20Hand signals
Figure 15-1: Standard hand signals for controlling crane operations — Crawler, locomotive and truck cranes; — Overhead and gantry cranes
 15.21Termination efficiencies
Figure 15-2: Termination efficiencies
 15.22Wire rope clips
 15.23Wire rope splices
Table 15-2: Installation and use of wire rope clips
 15.24Restriction on fold back eyes
 15.25Wire rope rejection criteria
 15.26Nonrotating wire rope
 15.27Contact with electric arc
 15.29Hook rejection criteria
 15.31Inspection before use
 15.32Makeshift fitting prohibition
 15.33WLL of slings
 15.34Sling angles
Table 15-3: WLL reductions for slings at an angle
 15.36Proof-testing slings
 15.39Sharp edges
 15.40Slinging loads
 15.41Multiple piece lifts
 Wire Rope Slings
 15.42Sling identification
 15.43Rejection criteria
 15.44Prohibited slings
 15.45Temperature restrictions
 Alloy Steel Chain Slings
 15.46Sling identification
 15.47Chain for hoisting
 15.48Chain removal criteria
 15.49Chain wear
Table 15-4: Allowable chain wear
 15.50Periodic inspection
 15.51Temperature restriction
 Synthetic Web Slings
 15.52Sling identification
 15.53Temperature restriction
 15.54Synthetic web sling rejection criteria
Figure 15-3: Examples of synthetic web sling rejection criteria
 Metal Mesh Slings
 15.55Sling identification
 15.56Rejection criteria
 Below-the-hook Lifting Devices
 15.60Part of lifted load
Part 16 — Mobile Equipment
 General Requirements
 16.3Operation and maintenance
 16.4Competency of operators
 16.5Operator's responsibility
 16.6Supervisor's responsibility
 16.8Warning signal device — backup alarm
 16.8.1Warning signal device — extended component
 16.10Rear view mirrors
 16.11Window standards
 16.13Braking requirements
 16.14Supplementary steering
 16.15Steering wheel knobs
 16.16Safe starting
 16.17Escape from a cab
 16.19Load handling attachments
 16.20Load ratings
 16.21Protective structures
 16.22Rollover protective structures
 16.23ROPS standards
 16.24ROPS certification
 16.25ROPS identification
 16.26Effect of ROPS on visibility
 16.27Shear hazards
 16.28Guarding moving parts
 Seat Requirements and Rider Restrictions
 16.29Operator's seat
 16.30Restricted access
 16.31Rider restriction
 Seat Belts
 Operating Requirements
 16.34Start of shift inspection
 16.35Securing tools and equipment
 16.36Unattended equipment
 16.37Securing elevated loads
 16.38Assistance on grades
 16.39Swinging equipment
 16.42Obstructed view
 16.43Pedestrian and equipment traffic
 16.44Securing loads
 16.45Restraint for cylindrical objects
 16.46Lift truck loads
 Tire Servicing
 16.48Equipment and procedures
 All-terrain Vehicles
 16.49Prohibited use
 16.51Operator's manual
 16.52Use on sloping ground
 16.53Operator training
 16.54Personal protective equipment
 16.55Loading and unloading
Part 17 — Transportation of Workers
 General Requirements
 17.1.1General responsibilities
 17.1.2Provision for seating and seat belt assemblies
 17.2Employer's responsibility
 17.2.1Operator responsibility
 17.2.2General operation requirements
 17.2.3Provision for seat belts
 17.4Riding restrictions
 17.5Securing equipment
 17.5.1Gross vehicle weight rating
 17.6Hazardous materials
 17.7Carrying animals
 17.8Passenger compartments
 17.9Boarding and leaving
 Worker Transportation Vehicles Not Designed for Use on Highways
 17.10Vehicle design
 17.12Seating design
 17.13Seating capacity
 Marine Craft
 17.17Safety standards
 17.23Vessel preparation
 17.24Maintenance and inspection
 17.25Anti-skid covering
Part 18 — Traffic Control
 General Requirements
 18.3Standards for traffic control
 18.5Placement of traffic control signs and devices
 Traffic Control Persons (TCPs)
 18.6Use of a traffic control person
 18.7Traffic control person to remain on duty
 18.8Location of traffic control persons
 Equipment For Traffic Control Persons
 18.9Operations during daytime
 18.10Operations during nighttime or poor visibility
 18.11Equipment maintenance
 Directions and Signals by Traffic Control Persons
 18.12Precise motions
 18.13Standard signals between traffic control persons
 18.14Standard signals for traffic
 Other Requirements
 18.15Dust control
 18.16Long periods of delay
 18.17Towing and recovery operations
Figure 18-1: Arm signals between traffic control persons
Figure 18-2: Arm signals for traffic control
Part 19 — Electrical Safety
 General Electrical Requirements
 19.3Poles and structures
 19.4Obstructions on poles
 19.5Informing workers
 19.6Service rooms
 19.7Space around equipment
 19.8Testing equipment
 19.9Insulated elevating work platform
 Working on Low Voltage Electrical Equipment
 19.10Disconnection and lockout
 19.11Warning signs
 19.12Working close to energized equipment
 19.13Identification of controls
 19.14Grounding portable equipment
 19.15Ground fault circuit interrupters
 Working on High Voltage Electrical Equipment
 19.16Isolation and lockout
 19.17Warning signs
 Working on De-energized High Voltage Power Systems
 19.18Isolation and lockout
 19.19Person in charge
 19.20Switching sequences
 19.21Isolating devices
 19.22Grounding and blocking
 19.23Multiple authorities
 Minimum Separation Distance to be Maintained from Energized High Voltage Electrical Equipment and Conductors
 19.24Informing workers about high voltage electrical equipment and conductors
 19.24.1Minimum approach distance when working close to exposed electrical equipment and conductors
Table 19-1A
 19.24.2Minimum clearance distance when passing under exposed electrical equipment and conductors
Table 19-1B
 19.25Assurance in writing
 19.26Assurance not practicable
 19.27Specially trained
Table 19-2: Adjusted limits of approach
 19.28Emergency work
 19.29Authorization by owner
 Tree Pruning and Falling near Energized Conductors
 19.30Preliminary inspection
 19.31Work in a hazardous area
 19.33Site crew requirements
 19.34Limits of approach
Table 19-3: Limits of approach for utility arborists
 19.34.1Crossing the neutral conductor
Table 19-4
 19.35Tree pruning and falling equipment
 Control Systems
 19.36General requirements
 19.37Programmable control systems
 19.38Automatic control systems
 19.39Remote control systems
 19.40Wireless remote control
 19.41General requirements
 19.43Manufacturer's instructions
Part 20 — Construction, Excavation and Demolition
 General Requirements
 20.1AQualified contractor
 20.2Notice of project
 20.3Coordination of multiple employer workplaces
 Safe Work Areas and Safe Access
 20.4Safe access
 20.5Temporary floors
 20.6Design loads
 20.9Protection from falling materials
 20.12Glass panels
 20.13Thrust-out crane landing platforms
 20.14Temporary support
 20.14.3Unstable face of a stockpile
 Bridges and Similar Structures
 20.15Drawings and special procedures
 Concrete Formwork And Falsework
 20.17Specifications and plans
 20.19Erection drawing information
 20.20Responsibility for design
 20.21Continuity of engineering
 20.22Equipment requirements
 20.23Concrete placing hazards
 20.24Flyform drawings
 20.25Flyform handling
 Concrete Pumping
 20.26.2Application of regulation
 20.27Equipment identification
 20.28Manufacturer's, supplier's or integrator's manual
 20.29Inspection and maintenance records
 20.30Pre-use inspection
 20.30.1Design and construction
 20.32Hydraulic cylinders
 20.33Marking weight
 20.34Lifting a pump
 20.35Securing a pump
 20.37Agitator guarding
 20.38Engine exhaust
 20.42Pipe diameter and thickness
 20.43Pipe clamps
 20.44Delivery pipe
 20.45Restraining devices
 20.46Concrete pump lines
 20.47Equipment inspection
 20.48Repair and modification
 20.48.1Installation of mast
 20.49Boom and mast weight
 20.54Hopper signal device
 Tilt-up Building Construction
 20.55Specifications and plans
 20.56Design requirements
 20.57Panel handling
 20.59Brace removal
 Concrete Pre-stressing and Post-tensioning
 20.60General requirements
 20.61Signalling devices and restricted areas
 20.62Strand measuring
 20.63Guarding during pre-stressing operations
 20.64Deflecting devices
 20.65Detensioning and strand cutting procedures
 20.66Strand vises and hydraulic devices
 20.67Hydraulic equipment
 20.68Platform width
 20.70Tendon handling
 20.71Securing jacks
 Open Web Joists and Trusses
 20.72Erection instructions
 Roof Work
 20.74Crawl boards and ladders
 20.75Steep roof requirements
 20.76Chutes and hoists
 20.77Mechanical equipment
 20.78Work standards
 20.79Underground utility services
 20.80Removing nearby hazards
 20.81Sloping and shoring requirements
 20.82Timber shoring and grades
 20.83Safe shoring procedures
 20.85Trench support structures
 20.86Spoil piles
 20.87Entry and exit
 20.89Excavation crossings
 20.90Excavated materials
 20.91Use of skips or buckets
 20.92Scaling and trimming
 20.93Height limitations
 20.94Positioning equipment
 20.95Water accumulation
Table 20-1: Trench support structures
Figure 20-1: Sloping in lieu of shoring
Figure 20-2: Benching in lieu of shoring
Figure 20-3: Combined supporting and sloping
 Scaling Operations
 20.97Work from top down
 20.98Rappelling and work positioning systems
 20.99Rappelling ropes
 20.100Anchors and other hardware
 Marine Construction, Pile Driving and Dredging
 20.102Suspended work platforms
 20.103Hoisting piles
 20.104Operator protection
 20.105Exhaust discharge
 20.106Chocking the hammer
 20.107Pile heads
 20.108Cracked hammer
 20.110Walkway on discharge line
 20.111Structural integrity
 20.112Hazardous materials
 20.113Disconnecting utility services
 20.114Glass removal
 20.116Protection from falling materials
 20.117Throwing material
 20.118Stabilizing walls
 20.119Dismantling buildings
 Work in Compressed Air
 20.122Medical fitness
 20.123Compliance with standards
Part 21 — Blasting Operations
 General Requirements
 21.2Employer's responsibility
 21.3Dangerous incident reports
 21.4Blasting log
 21.5Authority to blast
 21.11Recording certificates
 21.12Custody of certificates
 21.13Suspension of duties
 21.14Submitting reports
 21.15Suspension of certificates
 21.17Worksite storage
 21.19Magazine condition
 21.21Separate handling
 21.22Vehicle operation
 21.23Flammable materials
 21.24Transportation of explosives
 21.25Mobile drill rigs
 21.27Contact with metal
 21.28Emergency procedures
 21.29Safe operation
 21.30Vehicle load limit
 21.31Firefighting equipment
 21.32Trailer transportation
 21.33Railroad and highway crossings
 21.34Prior servicing
 21.35Overnight parking
 Handling Explosives
 21.37Defective explosives
 21.38Cold temperatures
 21.39Abandoned explosives
 21.40Ignition sources prohibited
 21.42Predrilling requirements
 21.43Drilling prohibitions
 21.44Drill hole size
 21.48Loading tools
 21.49Electrical storms
 21.50Guarding loaded holes
 21.52Springing holes
 21.53Connecting detonating cord
 21.54Shock tubes
 21.55Pneumatic loading
 Safety Fuse Initiation
 21.56Safety fuse assemblies
 21.57Lighting safety fuse
 Electrical Initiation
 21.58Stray currents
 21.59Extraneous currents
 21.60Static electricity
 21.61Radio frequency precautions
 21.62Mobile transmitters
 21.63Testing circuits
 21.64Capacity of blasting machines
 21.65Firing from power lines
 21.66Blaster's responsibility
 21.67Firing lines
 21.68Firing all holes
 21.69Blasting signals
 21.70Posting warning procedures
 Returning to the Blast Site
 21.71After the blast
 21.72Electrical blasting
 Misfire Procedures
 21.74Blast site examination
 21.75Unfired explosives
 21.76Removing loose material
 21.77Marking and detonating
 21.78Safety fuse reblast
 21.79No relighting
 21.80Drilling for refiring
 21.81Extracting explosives
 Specialized Blasting Operations
 21.82Underwater blasting
 21.83Special effects blasting
 21.84Seismic blasting
 21.85Avalanche control
Part 22 — Underground Workings
 General Requirements
 22.3Work methods
 22.4New or unusual situations
 22.5Preconstruction meeting
 22.6Notice of project
 22.7Underground record
 22.8Hours of work
 22.9Additional first aid
 22.10Retroreflective devices
 Supervision of Workers
 22.12Underground supervisors
 22.13Underground worker health and safety representative
 22.14Impaired persons
 Working Requirements
 22.15Responsibility for ventilation
 22.16Prior approval
 22.17Qualified person
 22.18Mechanical ventilation
 22.19Air flow
 22.20Portal fan
 22.21Auxiliary fan
 22.24Unventilated areas
 22.25Duct air testing
 22.26Welding fumes
 22.27Heating underground air
 22.28Heating equipment
 22.29Other heating devices
 22.30Atmospheric testing
 22.31Testing during construction
 22.32Additional tests
 22.33Radioactivity survey
 22.34Electrical installations
 22.37Cap lamps
 22.39Auxiliary lighting
 22.40Battery charging stations
 22.42Water control
 22.44Transportation of workers
 22.45Transportation of workers by rail
 22.46Shaft conveyances
 Emergency Requirements
 22.49Evacuation procedure
 22.50Refuge stations
 22.51Rescue workers
 22.52Self-contained breathing apparatus
 22.53Dangerous conditions
 22.54Fire prevention and control
 22.55Flammable gas restriction
 22.56Equipment fire extinguishers
 22.57Accounting for workers
 Entrance to Underground Working
 22.58General requirement
 22.59Structures at the entrance
 22.60Projecting support system
 22.61Spill control
 Ground Control
 22.62General requirement
 22.63During excavation
 22.65Operator protection
 22.66Probe holes
 22.67Connecting to existing workings
 22.68Blasting at adjacent sites
 22.69Inspection before abandonment
 Underground Use of Explosives
 22.70Transport of explosives
 22.71Mechanical haulage
 22.72Transport by track haulage
 22.73Underground storage of explosives
 22.74Restriction on ignition sources
 22.75Fume class
 22.76Blasting line
 22.77Remote initiation
 22.78Water spray
 22.79Return to blasting site
 22.80Work restriction
 Mechanical Excavation
 22.81Dust control
 22.82Work clearance
 22.83Elevated work
 Fixed and Mobile Equipment in Underground Working
 22.85Internal combustion engines
 22.86Fire suppression
 22.87Hoses carrying flammable liquid
 22.88Operating requirements
 Underground Haulage
 22.89Traffic control
 22.90Clearance for mechanical haulage
 22.91Track haulage and mucking equipment
 22.92Equipment hazard area
 22.94Derailed equipment
 22.95Track haulage operations
 22.96Rail tracks and switches
 Trackless Loading and Hauling
 22.97Automated and remote control systems
 22.98Clearance lights
 22.99Road maintenance
 Waste Dumps and Spoil Areas
 22.100General requirement
 22.101Dumping procedures
 22.102Reversing when dumping
 22.103Dump worker
 22.104Track waste dump
 22.105Electrical trolley systems
Figure 22-1: Standard hand signals for controlling mobile equipment movement
 22.106General requirement
 22.107Guarding the bottom of the raise
 22.109Suspended drill platforms
 22.110Raise climbers
 22.111Identification plate
 22.112General brake requirements
 22.113Electrically powered raise climbers
 22.114Brake components
 22.117Electric equipment
 22.118Work platforms
 22.120Safety factor
 22.122Racks and pinions
 22.125Inspection before use
 22.126Limits and travel stops
 22.127Equipment maintenance
 22.128Operator's duties
 22.129Reporting defects
 22.130Repair requirements
 22.131Emergency procedures
 22.132Maximum load
 22.133Riding restriction
 22.134After blast monitoring
 22.135Transporting material
 22.136Electrical shut off
 Hoists and Shafts
 22.138General requirement
 22.139Shaft openings
 22.140Access ways
 Large Diameter Holes
 22.142General requirement
 22.143Vertical holes
 22.144Limiting descent
 22.145Water in the hole
 22.146Horizontal holes
 Gassy Underground Workings
 22.147Written notice
 22.148Worker instruction
 22.149Atmospheric testing
 22.150Automatic alarm
 22.152Ventilation malfunction
 22.153Air velocity
 22.154No smoking
 22.155Welding and burning
 22.156Prohibited metals
 22.157Flame arresters
 22.158Mechanical excavators
 22.159Fire resistant fluids
 22.160Combustible dusts
Part 23 — Oil and Gas
 General Requirements
 23.4Coordination of multi-employer workplaces
 23.5Safe work procedures
 23.6Control of static electricity
 23.7Fire hazards
 23.8Control of ignition sources
 23.9Flare pits and flare lines
 23.10Fire extinguishers
Table 23-1: Minimum requirements for firefighting equipment
 23.11Air operating systems
 23.12Pipelines, fittings and valves
 23.13Hose connections
 23.17Pipe racks
 23.18Handling pipe
 23.19Kelly hose and safety lines
 23.21Rigging up and tearing out
 23.22Driver training
 23.23Steep slopes
 23.25Transporting liquids
 Geophysical Operations
 23.27Power line and upset hazards
 23.28Seismic drills
 23.29Communications on vehicles
 Drilling and Servicing Rigs
 23.31Size of work area
 23.32Inspection and repair
 23.33Rig moves
 23.34List of weights
 23.35Prohibited work areas
 23.37Blowout preventers
 23.38Spudding in
 23.39.1Emergency escape systems
 23.39.2Emergency escape system 1
 23.39.3Emergency escape system 2
 23.40Draw works controls
 23.41Stabbing boards
 23.42Derrick enclosures
 23.43Ventilation openings
 23.44Pits and tanks
 23.45Ladder platforms
 23.46Derrick floor access stairways
 23.48Hoisting lines
 23.49Travelling blocks
 23.50Hand guards
 23.51Riding hoisting equipment
 23.53Crown blocks
 23.54Securing fingers
 23.55Counterweight safety lines
 23.56Weight indicators
 23.58Drill pipes, collars and tubing
 23.59Mud cans
 23.60Rotary tongs
 23.61Rotary table
 23.62Fuel storage
 Drill Stem Testing, Swabbing, Cementing, Well Servicing and Stimulation
 23.64General requirements
 23.64.1Snubbing operations
 23.65Swabbing at night
 23.67Disposal of fluids
 23.68Air intake and exhaust
 23.69Flow piping
 23.70Piping, hoses and valves
 23.71High risk fluids
 23.72Pressure testing requirements
 23.73Hot oiling
 23.74Bonding and grounding
 Production and Plant Operations
 23.75Preventing ignition
 23.76Blanking of lines
 23.77Retaining walls and diked areas
 23.78Truck loading and unloading
 23.79Pressure relief
 23.80Venting of trucks
 Cleaning and Repairing Tanks or Vessels
 23.83Safety harnesses
 23.84Welding precautions
 23.86Electrical equipment
 Gas Sample Containers
 23.89Safe practices
Part 24 — Diving, Fishing and Other Marine Operations
 Wharves, Docks and Mooring Floats
 24.3Lifesaving equipment
 24.4Curbs, bullrails, guardrails and barriers
 24.6Rescue boat
 Diving Operations
General Requirements
 24.9Notice of project
 24.10Medical certification
 24.11Diver's fitness
 24.13Evidence of competency
 24.14Diving logs
 24.15Dive site equipment
 24.17Safe diving procedures
 24.18Diving supervisor's worksite duties
 24.19Crew briefing
 24.20Diver's responsibilities
 24.21Diving tables
 24.22Decompression procedures
 24.23Diver care and transportation
 24.24Medical alert tag
 24.25Hyperbaric chambers
 24.26Breathing mediums
 24.27Breathing apparatus
 24.28Compressor intake
 24.29Gauges and meters
 24.30Warning devices
 24.31Rescue boat
 24.33Standby diver
 24.34Incident investigation reports
 Scuba Diving
 24.36Minimum crew
 24.37Restrictions on scuba
 24.39Testing cylinders
 Surface Supply Diving
 24.40Minimum crew
 24.41Diver's tender
 24.42Diver's equipment
 24.44Volume tanks
 24.45Breathing air filters
 24.46Manifolds and fittings
 24.47Breathing gas lines
 Deep Diving
 24.48General requirements
 24.49Hyperbaric chamber
 24.50Transportation to the underwater worksite
 24.51Rest periods
 Submersible Compression Chambers (SCC) and Lock-Out Submersibles (LOS)
 24.53General equipment requirements
 24.55Lifting gear
 24.56Secondary lifting equipment
 24.57Diving system procedures
 Atmospheric Diving Systems (ADS)
 24.59General equipment requirements
 24.60Secondary means of surfacing
 24.61Secondary lifting equipment
 Altitude Diving
 24.62General procedures
 Specific Diving Hazards
 24.63Hazardous mechanisms
 24.64Intakes, pipes and tunnels
 24.65Exceptional hazards
 24.66Contaminated environments
 Live Boating
 24.67General requirements
 Fishing Operations
General Requirements
 24.70Compliance with standards
 24.71Owner and master responsibilities
 24.74Emergency procedures
 24.75Crewmember responsibility
 24.76Vessel preparation
 24.77Reporting injuries
 24.78Unsafe conditions
 24.80Slipping and tripping hazards
 24.81Guarding of equipment
 24.82Inspection of rigging
 24.83Access and egress
 24.84Protection from falling
 24.85Deck openings
 24.87Equipment control devices
 24.88Braking devices
 24.91Propane installations
 24.92Galley requirements
 24.93Requirements for sensors and alarms
 24.96Protection against cold
 24.97Crewmember overboard
 24.100Ozone generators
 24.101Loading and offloading
 24.102Work areas and operations
 24.103Proper lifting
 Requirements for Specific Fishing Operations
 24.105Pin rollers
 24.106Work areas and safeguarding
 24.107Fouled propellers
 24.108Hauling net anchors
 24.110Towing skiffs
 24.112Setting procedures
 24.115Hoisting device
General Requirements
 24.116Hairpins and ringstrippers
 24.117Spooling gear
 24.118Lifting the bag
 24.119Drum operation
 24.121Purse rings
 24.123Drying up
 24.124Power blocks
 Seine Skiffs
 24.126Skiff design
 24.127Equipment stowage
 24.128Personal flotation devices (PFDs)
 24.129Engine exhaust
 24.130Capsize protection
 Beachline Operations
 24.132Tie-up sites
 24.133Personal protective equipment
 24.134Night operations
 Trap Fishing
 24.135Master's responsibility
 24.136Securing traps
 24.138Safe work procedures
 24.139Securing areas and equipment
 24.140Splitting straps
 24.141Trolling poles
 24.142Gurdy brakes
 24.143Cockpit covers
Part 25 — Camps
Part 26 — Forestry Operations and Similar Activities
 General Requirements
 26.1.1Prime contractor requirements for forestry operations
 26.1.2Multiple-employer workplace
 26.2Planning and conducting a forestry operation
 26.3.1Forestry operation fire fighting
 26.4Notice of project
 26.5Initial safety meeting
 26.7Highly visible clothing
 26.7.1Climbing equipment
 26.7.2Weather conditions
 26.8Cutting cables
 26.10Metal in saw logs
 26.11Dangerous trees
 Equipment Operation
 26.12.1Equipment capabilities
 26.12.2Radio controlled equipment
 26.13Non-slip floors and controls
 26.13.1Equipment operator protections
 26.13.2Maintaining operator vision
 26.13.3Mobile yarders
 26.14.1Hazard area of logging equipment
 26.14.2Designated safe work area
 26.14.3Traffic control
 26.16Slope limitations
 Manual Falling and Bucking
 26.21Faller qualifications
 26.22Forestry operation faller training
 26.22.1Falling supervisors for forestry operations
 26.23Procedures for falling and bucking
 26.24Responsibility for falling and bucking
 26.25Dangerous trees and logs
 26.26Falling dangerous trees
 26.27Location of fallers
 26.28Summoning assistance
 26.29Entry to falling area
 Mechanical Falling
 26.29.2Limits on use of mechanical harvester
 26.29.3Incomplete falling cuts
 26.29.4Hazard area
 26.29.5No additional hazards
 Traffic Control for Falling Operations
 26.30Traffic control
 26.38Riding on rigging
 26.39Safe location
 26.39.1Removal of potential hazards to rigging
Figure 26-1 Positioning guylines for mobile yarders
 26.43Supporting blocks
 26.45Prohibition of knots
 26.46Skyline anchors
 26.47Skyline extensions
 26.48Skyline spars
 26.49Skyline rigging
 26.50Backspar guylines
 26.51Lift trees
 26.53Ground skidding operations
 26.55Mainline release
 Forestry Work Areas
 26.56Work area arrangement
 26.59Suspended logs
 26.61Vehicle movements