B.C. Reg. 296/97
W.C.B.
Deposited September 8, 1997
effective April 15, 1998

Workers Compensation Act

Occupational Health and Safety Regulation

Note: Check the Cumulative Regulation Bulletin 2014
for any non-consolidated amendments to this regulation that may be in effect.

[includes amendments up to B.C. Reg. 404/2012, April 1, 2013]

Point in Time

Contents
Part 1 — Definitions
 1.1 Definitions
Part 2 — Application
 2.1 Scope of application
 2.2 General duty
 2.3 Conflict with a code or standard
 2.4 Compliance
 2.5 Inspection reports
 2.6 Notification of compliance
 2.7 Notice to workers
 2.8 Contravention
Part 3 — Rights and Responsibilities
 Occupational Health and Safety Programs
 3.1 When program required
 3.2 Small operations
 3.3 Contents of program
 3.4 Incident investigation reports
 Workplace Inspections
 3.5 General requirement
 3.6 Repealed
 3.7 Special inspections
 3.8 Committee participation
 Correction of Unsafe Conditions
 3.9 Remedy without delay
 3.10 Reporting unsafe conditions
 3.11 Emergency circumstances
 Refusal of Unsafe Work
 3.12 Procedure for refusal
 3.13 No discriminatory action
 Occupational First Aid
 3.14 Definitions
 3.15 First aid attendant qualifications
 3.16 Basic requirements
 3.17 First aid procedures
 3.17.1 Air transportation
 3.18 Communication and availability
 3.19 First aid records
 3.20 Multiple employer workplaces
 3.21 First aid attendant responsibilities
 Young or New Workers
 3.22 Definitions
 3.23 Young or new worker orientation and training
 3.24 Additional orientation and training
 3.25 Documentation
Schedule 3-A
Part 4 — General Conditions
 Buildings, Structures and Equipment
 4.1 Safe workplace
 4.1.1 Snow avalanche assessment
 4.2 Safe buildings and structures
 4.3 Safe machinery and equipment
 4.4 Conformity to standards
 4.5 Manuals and information
 4.6 Reassembly
 4.7 Information on rated capacity
 4.8 Rated capacity
 4.9 Inspection and maintenance records
 4.10 Authorization
 4.11 Startup
 4.12 Circumvention of safeguards
 Emergency Preparedness and Response
 4.13 Risk assessment
 4.14 Emergency procedures
 4.15 Repealed
 4.16 Training
 4.17 Notification of fire departments
 4.18 Notification of utility service providers
 Impairment
 4.19 Physical or mental impairment
 4.20 Impairment by alcohol, drug or other substance
 Working Alone or in Isolation
 4.20.1 Definition
 4.20.2 Hazard identification, elimination and control
 4.21 Procedures for checking well-being of worker
 4.22 Training
 4.22.1 Late night retail safety procedures and requirements
 4.22.2 Mandatory prepayment for fuel
 4.23 Annual review of procedures
 Workplace Conduct
 4.24 Definition
 4.25 Prohibition
 4.26 Investigation
 Violence in the Workplace
 4.27 Definition
 4.28 Risk assessment
 4.29 Procedures and policies
 4.30 Instruction of workers
 4.31 Advice to consult physician
 Work Area Requirements
 4.32 Access to work areas
 4.33 Arrangement of work areas
 4.34 Restricted entry
 4.35 Door installations
 4.36 Glass
 4.37 Restricted visibility
 4.38 Extreme temperatures
 4.39 Slipping and tripping hazards
 4.40 Wet floors
 4.41 Waste material
 4.42 Cleaning with compressed air
 Storing and Handling Materials
 4.43 Stacking materials
 4.44 Entrapment
 4.45 Falling materials
 Ergonomics (MSI) Requirements
 4.46 Definition
 4.47 Risk identification
 4.48 Risk assessment
 4.49 Risk factors
 4.50 Risk control
 4.51 Education and training
 4.52 Evaluation
 4.53 Consultation
 Work Area Guards and Handrails
 4.54 Definitions
 4.55 Guardrail locations
 4.56 Exceptions
 4.57 Elevated workers
 4.58 Specifications for guards and guardrails
 4.58.1 Temporary removal of guardrails
 4.59 Floor and roof openings
 4.60 Toeboards
 4.61 Walkways
 4.62 Handrails on stairways
 4.63 Vehicle travel areas
 Illumination
 4.64 Definitions
 4.65 Illumination levels
Table 4-1
 4.66 Means of illumination
 4.67 Brightness, reflectance and glare
 4.68 Illumination measurement
 4.69 Emergency lighting
 Indoor Air Quality
 4.70 Application
 4.71 Submitting plans
 4.72 Design and operation
 4.73 Building modifications
 4.74 Distribution
 4.75 Balancing
 4.76 Ventilation openings
 4.77 Discharged air
 4.78 Preventive maintenance
 4.79 Investigation
 4.80 Temperature and humidity
 Environmental Tobacco Smoke
 4.81 Controlling exposure
 4.82 Exceptions
 4.83 Repealed
 Occupational Environment Requirements
 4.84 Eating areas
 4.85 Washroom facilities
 4.86 Change areas
 4.87 Unsafe water
 4.88-4.106 Repealed
Schedule 4-A
Part 5 — Chemical Agents and Biological Agents
 5.1 Definitions
 5.1.1 Designation as hazardous substances
 5.2 General information requirement
 Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS)
 5.3 Application
 5.4 Prohibition
 5.5 WHMIS program
 5.6 Worker education
 5.7 Worker training
 5.8 Supplier label
 5.9 Workplace label for employer-produced products
 5.10 Workplace label for decanted products
 5.11 Piping systems and vessels
 5.12 Placard identifiers
 5.13 Laboratory label
 5.14 Supplier MSDS
 5.15 Employer MSDS
 5.16 Availability of an MSDS
 5.17 Deletions from an MSDS
 5.18 Confidential business information
 5.19 Claims under the HMIR Act
 Containers and Storage
 5.20 Condition of containers
 5.21 Material integrity
 5.22 Covers
 5.23 Permitted quantities
 5.24 Incompatible substances
 5.25 Storage practices
 5.26 Storage area
 Flammable and Combustible Substances
 5.27 Ignition sources
 5.28 Grounding or bonding
 5.29 Electrostatic charge
 5.30 Dispensing
 5.31 Flammable gas or vapour
 5.32 Manual cleaning
 5.33 Permitted quantities
 5.34 Combustible materials
 5.35 Cabinet vent
 Substances Under Pressure
 5.36 Containers
 5.37 Pressure testing
 5.38 Handling and securing cylinders
 5.39 Cylinder markings
 5.40 Cylinder valves
 5.41 Fittings
 5.42 Repealed
 5.43 Empty cylinders
 5.44 Acetylene cylinders
 5.45 Restriction on use of copper
 5.46 Restriction on use of oxygen
 5.47 Cleanliness
 Controlling Exposure
 5.48 Exposure limits
 5.49 Excursion limits
 5.50 Extended work periods
 5.51 Additive effects
 5.52 Skin designation
 5.53 Workplace monitoring
 5.54 Exposure control plan
 5.55 Type of controls
 5.56 Oxygen deficiency
 5.57 Designated substances
 5.58 Protective policy
 5.59 Investigating symptoms
 Ventilation
 5.60 Application
 5.61 Engineering principles
 5.62 Submitting plans
 5.63 Building modifications
 5.64 Controlling air contaminants
 5.65 Worker location
 5.66 Ventilation openings
 5.67 Effectiveness
 5.68 Failure warning
 5.69 Makeup air
 5.70 Discharged air
Table 5-1
 5.71 Flammable air contaminants
 Internal Combustion Engines
 5.72 Venting outdoors
 5.73 Indoor operation
 5.74 Emission controls
 5.75 Mobile equipment emission controls
 Hazardous Wastes and Emissions
 5.76 Label
 5.77 Placard
 5.78 MSDS
 5.79 Sale or disposal
 5.80 Sharp-edged waste
 5.81 Combustible dust
 Personal Hygiene
 5.82 Employer's responsibility
 5.83 Worker's responsibility
 5.84 Prohibition
 Emergency Washing Facilities
 5.85 Where required
 5.86 Water supply
 5.87 Access
 5.88 Risk assessment
 5.89 Equipment required
 5.90 Transient worksites
 5.91 Remote worksites
 5.92 Signs
 5.93 Testing
 5.94 Training
 5.95 Protection from freezing
Table 5-2
Table 5-3
 5.96 Valve operation
 Emergency Procedures
 5.97 Emergency plan
 5.98 Inventory
 5.99 Risk assessment
 5.100 Procedures for evacuation
 5.101 Procedures for spill cleanup and re-entry
 5.102 Training and drills
Table 5-4
Part 6 — Substance Specific Requirements
 Asbestos
 6.1 Definitions
 6.2 Application
 General Requirements
 6.3 Exposure control plan
 6.4 Inventory
 6.5 Identification
 6.6 Assessment and classification
 6.7 Control of asbestos fibre
 6.8 Procedures
 6.9 Prohibitions
 6.10 Substitution
 6.11 Instruction and training
 6.12 Monitoring
 Designated Work Areas and Containments
 6.13 Designated area
 6.14 Permanent enclosure design
 6.15 Glove bags
 6.16 High risk work
 Ventilation
 6.17 Containment ventilation
 6.18 Local exhaust ventilation
 6.19 Filter testing
 Other Means of Controlling Exposure to Asbestos
 6.20 Protecting work surfaces
 6.21 Preventing spread
 6.22 Wetting material
 6.23 Repairing damaged material
 6.24 Friction materials
 Waste Handling and Disposal
 6.25 Sealed containers
 6.26 Cleaning containers and equipment
 6.27 Waste removal
 6.28 Waste disposal
 Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment
 6.29 Respiratory protection
 6.30 Protective clothing
 6.31 Information to laundry workers
 Documentation
 6.32 Types of records
 Biological Agents
 6.33 Definitions
 6.34 Exposure control plan
 6.35 Repealed
 6.36 Controls
 6.37 Labels and identification
 6.38 Repealed
 6.39 Vaccination
 6.40 Medical evaluation
 6.41 Repealed
 Cytotoxic Drugs
 6.42 Definition
 6.43 Exposure control plan
 6.44 Information
 6.45 Labels
 6.46 Signs
 6.47 List
 6.48 Procedures
 6.49 Reproductive toxins
 6.50 Instruction
 6.51 Supervision
 6.52 Records
 6.53 Drug preparation and administration
 6.54 Disconnects
 6.55 Personal protective equipment
 6.56 Personal hygiene
 6.57 Waste disposal
 6.58 Spills
 Lead
 6.59 Application
 6.60 Exposure control plan
 6.61 Air monitoring in construction projects
 6.62 Warning signs
 6.63 Personal hygiene
 6.64 Work surfaces
 6.65 Lead removal
 6.66 Instruction and training
 6.67 Health protection
 6.68 Records
 6.69 Primary lead smelters
 Pesticides
 6.70 Definitions
 6.71 Application
 General Requirements
 6.72 Pesticide labels
 6.73 Labels and signs for treated materials
 6.74 Pesticide use
 6.75 MSDS
 6.76 Informing workers
 Mixing, Loading and Applying Pesticides
 6.77 Qualifications
 6.78 Procedures
 6.79 Health protection
 6.80 Rescue
 Equipment
 6.81 General requirements
 6.82 Fixed stations
 6.83 Mobile equipment
 Pesticide Application
 6.84 Safe application practice
 6.85 Posting warning signs
 6.86 Design of warning signs
 6.87 Warning signs for non-fumigants
 6.88 Warning signs for fumigants
 6.89 Restricted entry intervals
 6.90 Authorization to enter
 6.91 Exemptions
 6.92 Cleanup of residues
 6.93 Pesticide drift
 6.94 Records
 Personal Hygiene
 6.95 Wash and shower facilities
 6.96 Worker cleanup
 6.97 Personal protective clothing and equipment
 Avicides, Predicides, Rodenticides and Insecticidal Baits
 6.98 Exemption
 6.99 Preventive measures
 Storage
 6.100 Location
 6.101 Storage facilities
 6.102 Retail displays
 Antisapstain Applications
 6.103 Substitution
 6.104 Ventilation
 6.105 Cleaning equipment
 6.106 Excess chemical
 6.107 Protective clothing
 6.108 Records
 6.109 Exemption
 Rock Dust
 6.110 Application
 6.111 Dust control
 6.112 Restricted access
 6.113 Rock drills
 6.114 Rock crushing plants
 6.115 Asphalt mixing plants
 Toxic Process Gases
 6.116 Definitions
 6.117 Application
 6.118 Risk assessment
 6.119 Exposure control plan
 6.120 Procedures
 6.121 Education and training
 6.122 Enclosure
 6.123 Testing
 6.124 Ventilation
 6.125 Emergency ventilation
 6.126 Shut-down device
 6.127 Personal protective equipment
 6.128 Monitors and alarms
 6.129 Pressure relief alarm systems
 6.130 Identification of controls
 6.131 Piping systems
 6.132 Maintenance
Part 7 — Noise, Vibration, Radiation and Temperature
 Division 1 — Noise Exposure
 7.1 Definition
 7.2 Noise exposure limits
 7.3 Noise measurement required
 7.4 Exemption
 7.5 Noise control and hearing conservation program
 7.6 Engineered noise control
 7.7 Hearing protection and warning signs
 7.8 Hearing tests
 7.9 Records to be kept
 Division 2 — Vibration Exposure
 7.10 Definitions
 7.11 Vibration exposure limits
 7.12 Evaluation of vibration
 7.13 Vibration exposure control obligations
 7.14 Information about vibration hazards
 7.15 Labels
 7.16 Exposure to cold and hand-arm vibration
 Division 3 — Radiation Exposure
 7.17 Definitions
 7.18 Application
 7.19 Exposure limits
 7.20 Exposure control plan
 7.21 Reproductive hazards
 7.22 Monitoring exposure
 7.23 Standards for use of equipment
 7.24 Radiation surveys
 7.25 Records
 Division 4 — Thermal Exposure
 7.26 Definitions
 Heat Exposure
 7.27 Application
 7.28 Exposure limits
 7.29 Heat stress assessment and exposure control plan
 7.30 Heat stress controls
 7.31 Provision of water
 7.32 Removal from and treatment for heat exposure
 Cold Exposure
 7.33 Application
 7.34 Cold stress assessment and exposure control plan
 7.35 Cold stress controls
 7.36 Heated shelters
 7.37 Clothing and personal protective equipment
 7.38 Removal and treatment
Part 8 — Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment
 8.1 Definitions
 General Requirements
 8.2 Responsibility to provide
 8.3 Selection, use and maintenance
 8.4 Workplace evaluation
 8.5 Program
 8.6 Annual review
 8.7 Instruction
 8.8 Supervisor's responsibilities
 8.9 Worker's responsibilities
 8.10 Personal clothing and accessories
 Safety Headgear
 8.11 General requirement
 8.12 Use with all-terrain vehicles, snowmobiles and motorcycles
 8.13 Use with bicycles and skates
 Eye and Face Protection
 8.14 Safety eyewear
 8.15 Prescription safety eyewear
 8.16 Sideshields
 8.17 Face protection
 8.18 Contact lenses
 Limb and Body Protection
 8.19 General requirement
 8.20 Cleaning or replacement
 8.21 Leg protection
 Footwear
 8.22 General requirement
 8.23 Slippery surfaces
 High Visibility and Distinguishing Apparel
 8.24 High visibility apparel
 8.25 Distinguishing apparel
 Buoyancy Equipment
 8.26 When required
 8.27 Compliance with standards
 8.28 Working alone
 8.29 Automatically inflatable lifejackets
 8.30 Retroreflective material
 Flame Resistant Clothing
 8.31 When required
 Respirators
 8.32 When respirator required
 8.33 Selection
 8.34 Maximum use concentration
Table 8-1
 8.35 IDLH or oxygen deficient atmosphere
 8.36 Emergency escape respirators
 8.37 Respirable air quality
 8.38 Corrective eyewear
 8.39 Face seal
 8.40 Fit tests
 8.41 User seal check
 8.42 Medical assessment
 8.43 Optional use
 8.44 Records
 8.45 Maintenance and inspections
Schedule 8-A
Part 9 — Confined Spaces
 9.1 Definitions
 General Requirements
 9.2 Initial determination
 9.3 Prohibited entry
 9.4 Control of hazards
 9.5 Confined space entry program
 Responsibilities
 9.6 Administration
 9.7 Supervision
 9.8 Instruction
 Hazard Assessment and Work Procedures
 9.9 Hazard assessment
 9.10 Procedures
 9.11 Qualifications
 Identification and Entry Permits
 9.12 Identification
 9.13 When permits required
 9.14 Contents of permit
 9.15 Updating the information
 9.16 Record of permit
 Lockout and Control of Harmful Substances
 9.17 Lockout
 9.18 Control of harmful substance in adjacent piping
 9.18.1 Repealed
 9.19 Isolation points
 9.20 Blanks and blinds
 9.21 Double block and bleed
 9.22 Alternative measures of control or isolation of adjacent piping
 9.23 Discharge area
 Verification and Testing
 9.24 Verifying all precautions
 9.25 Testing the atmosphere
 9.26 Procedures and equipment
 Cleaning, Purging, Venting and Inerting
 9.27 Cleaning, purging and venting
 9.28 Risk control
 9.29 Inerting
 Ventilation
 9.30 Continuous ventilation
 9.31 Low hazard atmospheres
 9.32 Mechanical ventilation
 9.33 Natural ventilation
 Standby Persons
 9.34 Low hazard atmosphere
 9.35 Moderate hazard atmosphere
 9.36 High hazard atmosphere, engulfment or entrapment
 Rescue
 9.37 Provision of rescue services
 9.38 Equipment and training
 9.39 Notification
 9.40 Summoning rescue
 9.41 Rescue procedures
 Lifelines, Harnesses and Lifting Equipment
 9.42 When required
 9.43 Standards
 9.44 Line entanglement
 9.45 Additional workers
 Personal Protective Equipment and Other Precautions
 9.46 Repealed
 9.47 Emergency escape respirator
 9.48 Compressed gas cylinders
 9.49 Torches and hoses
 9.50 Electrical equipment
 9.51 Non-sparking tools
Part 10 — De-energization and Lockout
 10.1 Definitions
 10.2 General requirement
 10.3 When lockout required
 10.4 Lockout procedures
 10.5 Access to energy isolating devices
 10.6 Checking locked out equipment
 10.7 Worker responsibilities
 10.8 Removal of locks
 10.9 Group lockout procedure
 10.10 Alternative procedures
 10.11 Locks not required
 10.12 Work on energized equipment
Part 11 — Fall Protection
 11.1 Definitions
 11.2 Obligation to use fall protection
 11.3 Fall protection plan
 11.4 Selection of harness or belt
 11.5 Equipment standards
 11.6 Anchors
 11.7 Temporary horizontal lifelines
 11.8 Certification by engineer
 11.9 Inspection and maintenance
 11.10 Removal from service
 11.11–11.40 Repealed
Part 12 — Tools, Machinery and Equipment
 12.1 Definitions
 General Requirements
 12.2 Safeguarding requirement
 12.3 Standards
 12.4 Effectiveness of safeguards
 12.5 Fixed guards
 12.6 Lubrication
 12.7 Repealed
 12.8 Repealed
 12.9 Repealed
 12.10 Identifying unsafe equipment
 12.11 Operating controls
 12.12 Machinery location
 12.13 Marking physical hazards
 12.14 Identification of piping
 12.15 Restraining devices
 Guarding Mechanical Power Transmission Parts
 12.16 Rotating hazards
 12.17 Gears and sprockets
 12.18 Reciprocating machinery
 12.19 Drive belts
 12.20 Reaching up
 12.21 Flywheels and pulleys
 Conveyors
 12.22 Standards
 12.23 Belt-type conveyors
 12.24 Screw-type conveyors
 12.25 Feed points
 12.26 Repealed
 12.27 Falling materials
 12.28 Emergency stopping devices
 Power Presses, Brake Presses and Shears
 12.29 Standards
 12.30 Point of operation safeguarding
 12.31 Exception for custom work
 12.32 Supervisory control
 12.33 Repealed
 Feed-rolls and Metal-forming Rolls
 12.34 Feed-rolls
 12.35 Guard design
 12.36 Metal-forming rolls
 Machine Tools
 12.37 Splash guards and shields
 12.38 Lathe chucks
 12.39 Restriction on hand polishing
 12.40 Stock projection
 12.41 Shapers/planers
 12.42 Carriage travel
 12.43 Vertical boring mills
 Abrasive Equipment
 12.44 Standards
 12.45 Protective hood
 12.46 Speed of abrasive wheels
 12.47 Grinding prohibitions
 12.48 Work rests
 12.49 Dust control
 12.50 Repealed
 Powder Actuated Tools
 12.51 Standards
 12.52 Tool selection
 12.53 Tool design
 12.54 Markings
 12.55 Storage
 12.56 Tool use
 12.57 Limitations on use
 Woodworking Tools and Equipment
 12.58 Hand feeding
 12.59 Removing guards
 12.60 Kickback fingers, splitters and spreaders
 12.61 Radial arm saw travel limits
 12.62 Jointers
 12.63 Sanding machines
 12.64 Tenoning machines
 12.65 Hand-held circular saws
 12.66 Cutting heads
 12.67 Band saws
 Mobile Chippers
 12.68 Hand-fed chippers
 12.69 Self-feeding chippers
 12.70 Driven-feed chippers
 12.71 Vertically fed chippers
 Chain Saws
 12.72 Standards
 12.73 Stopping chain movement
 Automotive Lifts and Other Vehicle Supports
 12.74 Standards
 12.75 Assembly and installation
 12.76 Operation
 12.77 Records
 12.78 Inspection and testing
 12.79 Rated capacity
 12.80 Controls
 12.80.1 Vehicle restraint
 12.80.2 Swing-arm restraint
 Miscellaneous Equipment
 12.81 Tumblers
 12.82 Pneumatic nailing and stapling tools
 12.83 Industrial robots
 Drilling Rock or Similar Materials
 12.84 General requirement
 12.85 Drilling equipment
 12.86 Control location
 12.87 Boom hazard
 12.88 Drill jumbos
 12.89 Drilling procedures
 12.90 Rod handling
 12.91 Self-propelled drills
 12.92 Cleaning drilled holes
 Breaking and Melting Metal
 12.93 Breaking metal
 12.94 Inspection of linings
 12.95 Preventing eruptions
 12.96 Inspection of materials
 Abrasive Blasting and High Pressure Washing
 12.97 Definitions
 12.98 Risk assessment
 12.99 Work procedures outside a cabinet
 12.100 Substitution
 12.101 Reuse prohibition
 12.102 Cleanup
 12.103 Engineering controls
 12.104 Exhaust ventilation
 12.105 Restricted work zones
 12.106 Operating controls
 12.107 Repealed
 12.108 Jetting gun
 12.109 Holding work
 12.110 Hose restraint
 12.111 Personal protective equipment
 Welding, Cutting and Allied Processes
 12.112 Standards
 12.113 Repealed
 12.114 Ventilation
 12.115 Coatings on metals
 12.116 Flammable and explosive substances
 12.117 Silver solder
 12.118 Correct equipment
 12.119 Equipment inspection
 12.120 Flashback prevention
 12.121 Receptacles for stubs
 12.122 Radiation protection
 12.123 Protective clothing and equipment
 12.124 Respiratory protection
 12.125 Marking hot work
 12.126 Fire extinguishers
 Painting, Coating and Work with Plastics and Resins
 12.127 Application
 12.128 Substitution
 12.129 Restrictions
 12.130 Warning signs
 12.131 Enclosure
 12.132 Air flow
 12.133 Control of ignition sources
 12.134 Arrester filters
 12.135 Respiratory protection
 12.136 Disposal of isocyanate containers
 12.137 Repealed
 12.138 Airless spray equipment
 12.139 Design for high pressure
 12.140 Heating plastics
 12.141 Resin foams
 Laundry and Dry Cleaning Activities
 12.142 Definitions
 Dry Cleaning
 12.143 Open cleaning prohibited
 12.144 Systems and equipment
 12.145 Equipment labels
 12.146 Solvent handling
 12.147 Bulk storage
 12.148 Machine ventilation
 12.149 General ventilation
 12.150 Inspection and repair
 12.151 Open flame heaters
 12.152 Combustion air supply
 12.153 Vents
 12.154 Servicing and maintenance
 12.155 Emergency ventilation
 12.156 Spotting chemicals
 12.157 Supplier responsibility
 12.158 Operator responsibility
 Laundry Equipment
 12.159 Flatwork ironers
 12.160 Roller-type ironers
 12.161 Press-type ironers
 12.162 Interlocks
 12.163 Centrifugal extractors
 12.164 Laundry chutes
 12.165 Laundry carts
 12.166 Spillage
 Rail Car Movement
 12.167 Application
 12.168 General requirements
 12.169 Clearance
 12.170 Riding restriction
 12.171 Brakes
 12.172 Tracks
 Pressure Vessels
 12.173 Pressure relief device — when required
 12.174 Pressure relief device — installation
Part 13 — Ladders, Scaffolds and Temporary Work Platforms
 Division 1 — General
 13.1 Definitions
 13.2 Standards
 13.3 Inspections
 Division 2 — Ladders
 13.4 Manufactured ladders
 13.5 Position and stability
 13.6 Use restrictions
 Division 3 — Work Platforms
 13.7 Access
 13.8 General requirements
 13.9 Lines supporting work platforms
 13.10 Hooks and clamps
 13.11 Engineering required
 13.12 Removal from service
 Division 4 — Scaffolds
 13.13 Responsibilities
 13.14 Scaffold platforms
 13.15 Manufactured components
 13.16 Lumber for structural components
 13.17 Scaffold stability
 13.18 Connections
 13.19 Electrical hazards
 Division 5 — Movable Work Platforms
 13.20 Marking of the equipment
 13.21 Manuals
 13.22 Maintenance of records
 13.23 Testing
 13.24 Work platforms on wheels
 13.25 Warning devices on elevating work platforms
 13.26 Controls on elevating work platforms
 13.27 Cranes and hoists used to suspend work platforms
 13.28 Two-blocking
 13.29 Hoisting and lowering work platforms
 13.30 Lift truck mounted work platforms
 13.31 Powered platforms
 13.32 Work in high risk situations
 13.33 Fall protection
Part 14 — Cranes and Hoists
 14.1 Definitions
 14.1.1 Application
 General Requirements
 14.2 Standards
 14.3 Identification
 14.4 Repealed
 14.5 Rated capacity indication
 14.6 Repealed
 14.7 Boom angle indicator
 14.8 Boom extension and load radius indicators
 14.9 Logging exemption
 14.10 Reeved-in devices
 14.11 Support structure
 14.12 Manual and instructions
 14.13 Inspection, maintenance and repair
 14.14 Inspection and maintenance records
 14.15 Modifications
 14.16 Certification required
 14.16.1 Certification following misadventure
 14.17 Access and egress
 14.18 Audible warning
 14.19 Drop stops
 14.20 Rail end stops
 14.21 Fenders
 14.22 Securing pins
 14.23 Boom stops
 14.24 Molten metal
 14.25 Repealed
 14.26 Sheave guards
 14.27 Ungrounded supply
 14.28 Controls
 14.29 Operator protection
 14.30 Cab windows
 14.31 Operator's seat
 14.32 Storage
 14.33 Fire extinguisher
 Equipment Operation
 14.34 Operator qualifications
 14.34.1 Operator certification
 14.35 Pre-use inspection
 14.36 Load weight
 14.37 Calibration
 14.37.1 Operator's duties
 14.38 Safe lifting
 14.39 Contact with loads and structures
 14.40 Swing and shear hazards
 14.41 Position of equipment
 14.42 Tandem lift
 14.42.1 Critical lift
 14.43 Travelling with a load
 14.44 Loads over work areas
 14.45 Unattended loads
 14.46 Vertical load line
 14.47 Signals
 14.48 Alternative to hand signals
 14.49 Dedicated radio system
 14.49.1 Communication between equipment operators
 14.50 Unhooking loads
 14.51 Riding hook or load
 14.52 Induced voltage
 14.52.1 Work near high voltage
 14.53 Repealed
 Bridge, Gantry and Overhead Travelling Cranes
 14.54 Operational and running tests
 14.54.1 Detailed inspection
 14.55 Uptravel limit
 14.56 Electrical conductors
 14.57 Power shutoff
 14.58 Direction markings
 Pneumatically Powered Hoists and Winches
 14.59 Pneumatically powered hoists
 14.60 Repealed
 Manually Powered Hoists
 14.61 Brakes
 14.62 Crank handles
 Mobile Cranes, Boom Trucks and Sign Trucks
 14.63 Repealed
 14.64 Load weight indicators
 14.65 Repealed
 14.66 Level turntable
 14.67 Outriggers and stabilizers
 14.68 Tires
 14.69 Supporting surface
 14.70 Travelling with a load
 14.71 Annual inspection
 14.72 Boom inspection
 14.73 Sign trucks
 Tower Cranes
 14.73.1 Definition
 14.73.2 Tower crane erection
 14.74 Tower crane support
 14.75 Before use
 14.76 Identification
 14.77 Structural inspection
 14.78 Structures kept clean
 14.79 Manual and records
 14.80 Counterweights and ballasts
 14.81 Limit devices
 14.82 Test blocks
 14.83 Operator's cab
 14.84 Monitoring jib swing
 14.84.1 Overlapping operating zones
 14.85 Clearance and freedom to slew
 14.86 Repealed
 14.87 Repealed
 14.88 Access
 14.89–14.90 Repealed
 14.91 Hoisting ropes
 14.92 Wind limitations
 14.93 Temperature limitations
 14.94–14.95 Repealed
 Construction Material Hoists
 14.96 Certifications and instructions
 14.97 Rider restriction
 14.98 Notices
 14.99–14.115 Repealed
 Chimney Hoists
 14.116 Permission to use
 14.117 Certification
 14.118 Support structures
 14.119 Load rating
 14.120–14.132 Repealed
Schedule 14-A
Part 15 — Rigging
 15.1 Definitions
 General Requirements
 15.2 Qualified riggers
 15.3 Detaching loads
 15.4 Use of rigging
 15.5 Component identification
 15.6 Design factors
Table 15-1
 15.7 Wire rope on mobile cranes
 15.8 Natural fibre rope
 15.9 Wedge socket connections
 15.10 Open hook restriction
 15.11 Securing pins
 15.12 Replacing pins
 15.13 Repealed
 15.14 Securing ropes to drums
 15.15 Wraps required
 15.16 Reeving lines
 15.17 Sheaves
 15.18 Guylines
 15.19 Spooling rope
 15.20 Hand signals
Figure 15-1
 15.21 Termination efficiencies
Figure 15-2
 15.22 Wire rope clips
 15.23 Wire rope splices
Table 15-2
 15.24 Restriction on fold back eyes
 15.25 Wire rope rejection criteria
 15.26 Nonrotating wire rope
 15.27 Contact with electric arc
 15.28 Welding
 15.29 Hook rejection criteria
 Slings
 15.30 Standards
 15.31 Inspection before use
 15.32 Makeshift fitting prohibition
 15.33 WLL of slings
 15.34 Sling angles
Table 15-3
 15.35 Repealed
 15.36 Proof-testing slings
 15.37 Storage
 15.38 Knots
 15.39 Sharp edges
 15.40 Slinging loads
 15.41 Multiple piece lifts
 Wire Rope Slings
 15.42 Sling identification
 15.43 Rejection criteria
 15.44 Prohibited slings
 15.45 Temperature restrictions
 Alloy Steel Chain Slings
 15.46 Sling identification
 15.47 Chain for hoisting
 15.48 Chain removal criteria
 15.49 Chain wear
Table 15-4
 15.50 Periodic inspection
 15.51 Temperature restriction
 Synthetic Web Slings
 15.52 Sling identification
 15.53 Temperature restriction
 15.54 Synthetic web sling rejection criteria
Figure 15-3:
 Metal Mesh Slings
 15.55 Sling identification
 15.56 Rejection criteria
 Below-the-hook Lifting Devices
 15.57 Standards
 15.58 WLL
 15.59 Identification
 15.60 Part of lifted load
Part 16 — Mobile Equipment
 16.1 Definitions
 General Requirements
 16.2 Application
 16.3 Operation and maintenance
 16.4 Competency of operators
 16.5 Operator's responsibility
 16.6 Supervisor's responsibility
 16.7 Standards
 16.8 Warning signal device — backup alarm
 16.8.1 Warning signal device — extended component
 16.9 Lights
 16.10 Rear view mirrors
 16.11 Window standards
 16.12 Maintenance
 16.13 Braking requirements
 16.14 Supplementary steering
 16.15 Steering wheel knobs
 16.16 Safe starting
 16.17 Escape from a cab
 16.18 Controls
 16.19 Load handling attachments
 16.20 Load ratings
 Guards
 16.21 Protective structures
 16.22 Rollover protective structures
 16.23 ROPS standards
 16.24 ROPS certification
 16.25 ROPS identification
 16.26 Effect of ROPS on visibility
 16.27 Shear hazards
 16.28 Guarding moving parts
 Seat Requirements and Rider Restrictions
 16.29 Operator's seat
 16.30 Restricted access
 16.31 Rider restriction
 Seat Belts
 16.32 Provision
 16.33 Use
 Operating Requirements
 16.34 Start of shift inspection
 16.35 Securing tools and equipment
 16.36 Unattended equipment
 16.37 Securing elevated loads
 16.38 Assistance on grades
 16.39 Swinging equipment
 16.40 Clearance
 16.41 Boarding/leaving
 16.42 Obstructed view
 16.43 Pedestrian and equipment traffic
 16.44 Securing loads
 16.45 Restraint for cylindrical objects
 16.46 Lift truck loads
 Tire Servicing
 16.47 Training
 16.48 Equipment and procedures
 All-terrain Vehicles
 16.49 Prohibited use
 16.50 Modifications
 16.51 Operator's manual
 16.52 Use on sloping ground
 16.53 Operator training
 16.54 Personal protective equipment
 16.55 Loading and unloading
Part 17 — Transportation of Workers
 General Requirements
 17.01 Definitions
 17.1 Application
 17.1.1 General responsibilities
 17.1.2 Provision for seating and seat belt assemblies
 17.2 Employer's responsibility
 17.2.1 Operator responsibility
 17.2.2 General operation requirements
 17.2.3 Provision for seat belts
 17.3 Repealed
 17.4 Riding restrictions
 17.5 Securing equipment
 17.5.1 Gross vehicle weight rating
 17.6 Hazardous materials
 17.7 Carrying animals
 17.8 Passenger compartments
 17.9 Boarding and leaving
 Worker Transportation Vehicles Not Designed for Use on Highways
 17.10 Vehicle design
 17.11 Repealed
 17.12 Seating design
 17.13 Seating capacity
 17.14 Aisles
 Marine Craft
 17.15 Repealed
 17.16 Repealed
 17.17 Safety standards
 17.18 Operation
 17.19–17.21 Repealed
 17.22 Communication
 17.23 Vessel preparation
 17.24 Maintenance and inspection
 17.25 Anti-skid covering
 17.26 Lighting
 Aircraft
 17.27 Repealed
Part 18 — Traffic Control
 General Requirements
 18.1 Definitions
 18.2 Responsibility
 18.3 Standards for traffic control
 18.4 Supervision
 18.5 Placement of traffic control signs and devices
 Traffic Control Persons (TCPs)
 18.6 Use of a traffic control person
 18.7 Traffic control person to remain on duty
 18.8 Location of traffic control persons
 Equipment For Traffic Control Persons
 18.9 Operations during daytime
 18.10 Operations during nighttime or poor visibility
 18.11 Equipment maintenance
 Directions and Signals by Traffic Control Persons
 18.12 Precise motions
 18.13 Standard signals between traffic control persons
 18.14 Standard signals for traffic
 Other Requirements
 18.15 Dust control
 18.16 Long periods of delay
 18.17 Towing and recovery operations
Figure 18-1: Arm signals between traffic control persons
Figure 18-2: Arm signals for traffic control
Part 19 — Electrical Safety
 19.1 Definitions
 General Electrical Requirements
 19.2 Repealed
 19.3 Poles and structures
 19.4 Obstructions on poles
 19.5 Informing workers
 19.6 Service rooms
 19.7 Space around equipment
 19.8 Testing equipment
 19.9 Insulated elevating work platform
 Working on Low Voltage Electrical Equipment
 19.10 Disconnection and lockout
 19.11 Warning signs
 19.12 Working close to energized equipment
 19.13 Identification of controls
 19.14 Grounding portable equipment
 19.15 Ground fault circuit interrupters
 Working on High Voltage Electrical Equipment
 19.16 Isolation and lockout
 19.17 Warning signs
 Working on De-energized High Voltage Power Systems
 19.18 Isolation and lockout
 19.19 Person in charge
 19.20 Switching sequences
 19.21 Isolating devices
 19.22 Grounding and blocking
 19.23 Multiple authorities
 Minimum Separation Distance to be Maintained from Energized High Voltage Electrical Equipment and Conductors
 19.24 Informing workers about high voltage electrical equipment and conductors
 19.24.1 Minimum approach distance when working close to exposed electrical equipment and conductors
Table 19-1A
 19.24.2 Minimum clearance distance when passing under exposed electrical equipment and conductors
Table 19-1B
 19.25 Assurance in writing
 19.26 Assurance not practicable
 19.27 Specially trained
Table 19-2: Adjusted limits of approach
 19.28 Emergency work
 19.29 Authorization by owner
 Tree Pruning and Falling near Energized Conductors
 19.30 Preliminary inspection
 19.31 Work in a hazardous area
 19.32 Qualifications
 19.33 Site crew requirements
 19.34 Limits of approach
Table 19-3: Limits of approach for utility arborists
 19.34.1 Crossing the neutral conductor
Table 19-4
 19.35 Tree pruning and falling equipment
 Control Systems
 19.36 General requirements
 19.37 Programmable control systems
 19.38 Automatic control systems
 19.39 Remote control systems
 19.40 Wireless remote control
 Electrofishing
 19.41 General requirements
 19.42 Repealed
 19.43 Manufacturer's instructions
Part 20 — Construction, Excavation and Demolition
 20.1 Definitions
 General Requirements
 20.1A Qualified contractor
 20.2 Notice of project
 20.3 Coordination of multiple employer workplaces
 Safe Work Areas and Safe Access
 20.4 Safe access
 20.5 Temporary floors
 20.6 Design loads
 20.7 Repealed
 20.8 Repealed
 20.9 Protection from falling materials
 20.10 Chutes
 20.11 Repealed
 20.12 Glass panels
 20.13 Thrust-out crane landing platforms
 20.14 Temporary support
 20.14.1 Fills
 20.14.2 Stockpiles
 20.14.3 Unstable face of a stockpile
 Bridges and Similar Structures
 20.15 Drawings and special procedures
 20.16 Walkways
 Concrete Formwork And Falsework
 20.17 Specifications and plans
 20.18 Supervision
 20.19 Erection drawing information
 20.20 Responsibility for design
 20.21 Continuity of engineering
 20.22 Equipment requirements
 20.23 Concrete placing hazards
 20.24 Flyform drawings
 20.25 Flyform handling
 20.26 Inspections
 Concrete Pumping
 20.26.1 Definition
 20.26.2 Application of regulation
 20.26.3 Standards
 20.27 Equipment identification
 20.28 Manufacturer's, supplier's or integrator's manual
 20.29 Inspection and maintenance records
 20.30 Pre-use inspection
 20.30.1 Design and construction
 20.31 Controls
 20.32 Hydraulic cylinders
 20.33 Marking weight
 20.34 Lifting a pump
 20.35 Securing a pump
 20.36 Repealed
 20.37 Agitator guarding
 20.38 Engine exhaust
 20.39 Housekeeping
 20.40 Outriggers
 20.41 Repealed
 20.42 Pipe diameter and thickness
 20.43 Pipe clamps
 20.44 Delivery pipe
 20.45 Restraining devices
 20.46 Concrete pump lines
 20.47 Equipment inspection
 20.48 Repair and modification
 20.48.1 Installation of mast
 20.49 Boom and mast weight
 20.50-20.52 Repealed
 20.53 Repealed
 20.54 Hopper signal device
 Tilt-up Building Construction
 20.55 Specifications and plans
 20.56 Design requirements
 20.57 Panel handling
 20.58 Inspections
 20.59 Brace removal
 Concrete Pre-stressing and Post-tensioning
 20.60 General requirements
 20.61 Signalling devices and restricted areas
 20.62 Strand measuring
 20.63 Guarding during pre-stressing operations
 20.64 Deflecting devices
 20.65 Detensioning and strand cutting procedures
 20.66 Strand vises and hydraulic devices
 20.67 Hydraulic equipment
 20.68 Platform width
 20.69 Blowouts
 20.70 Tendon handling
 20.71 Securing jacks
 Open Web Joists and Trusses
 20.72 Erection instructions
 Roof Work
 20.73 Repealed
 20.74 Crawl boards and ladders
 20.75 Steep roof requirements
 20.76 Chutes and hoists
 20.77 Mechanical equipment
 Excavations
 20.78 Work standards
 20.79 Underground utility services
 20.80 Removing nearby hazards
 20.81 Sloping and shoring requirements
 20.82 Timber shoring and grades
 20.83 Safe shoring procedures
 20.84 Repealed
 20.85 Trench support structures
 20.86 Spoil piles
 20.87 Entry and exit
 20.88 Guarding
 20.89 Excavation crossings
 20.90 Excavated materials
 20.91 Use of skips or buckets
 20.92 Scaling and trimming
 20.93 Height limitations
 20.94 Positioning equipment
 20.95 Water accumulation
Table 20-1: Trench support structures
Figure 20-1 Sloping in lieu of shoring
Figure 20-2: Benching in lieu of shoring
Figure 20-3: Combined supporting and sloping
 Scaling Operations
 20.96 Definitions
 20.97 Work from top down
 20.98 Rappelling and work positioning systems
 20.99 Rappelling ropes
 20.100 Anchors and other hardware
 20.101 Harnesses
 Marine Construction, Pile Driving and Dredging
 20.102 Suspended work platforms
 20.103 Hoisting piles
 20.104 Operator protection
 20.105 Exhaust discharge
 20.106 Chocking the hammer
 20.107 Pile heads
 20.108 Cracked hammer
 20.109 Splicing
 20.110 Walkway on discharge line
 Demolition
 20.111 Structural integrity
 20.112 Hazardous materials
 20.113 Disconnecting utility services
 20.114 Glass removal
 20.115 Repealed
 20.116 Protection from falling materials
 20.117 Throwing material
 20.118 Stabilizing walls
 20.119 Dismantling buildings
 20.120 Housekeeping
 20.121 Stairways
 Work in Compressed Air
 20.122 Medical fitness
 20.123 Compliance with standards
Part 21 — Blasting Operations
 21.1 Definitions
 General Requirements
 21.2 Employer's responsibility
 21.3 Dangerous incident reports
 21.4 Blasting log
 21.5 Authority to blast
 21.6 Repealed
 21.7 Training
 Certification
 21.8 Qualifications
 21.9 Misrepresentation
 21.10 Examination
 21.11 Recording certificates
 21.12 Custody of certificates
 21.13 Suspension of duties
 21.14 Submitting reports
 21.15 Suspension of certificates
 Storage
 21.16 Detonators
 21.17 Worksite storage
 21.18 Communication
 21.19 Magazine condition
 21.20 Cord
 21.21 Separate handling
 Transportation
 21.22 Vehicle operation
 21.23 Flammable materials
 21.24 Transportation of explosives
 21.25 Mobile drill rigs
 21.26 Repealed
 21.27 Contact with metal
 21.28 Emergency procedures
 21.29 Safe operation
 21.30 Vehicle load limit
 21.31 Firefighting equipment
 21.32 Trailer transportation
 21.33 Railroad and highway crossings
 21.34 Prior servicing
 21.35 Overnight parking
 Handling Explosives
 21.36 General
 21.37 Defective explosives
 21.38 Cold temperatures
 21.39 Abandoned explosives
 21.40 Ignition sources prohibited
 21.41 Containers
 Drilling
 21.42 Predrilling requirements
 21.43 Drilling prohibitions
 21.44 Drill hole size
 Loading
 21.45 Priming
 21.46 Carrying
 21.47 Cartridges
 21.48 Loading tools
 21.49 Electrical storms
 21.50 Guarding loaded holes
 21.51 Vehicles
 21.52 Springing holes
 21.53 Connecting detonating cord
 21.54 Shock tubes
 21.55 Pneumatic loading
 Safety Fuse Initiation
 21.56 Safety fuse assemblies
 21.57 Lighting safety fuse
 Electrical Initiation
 21.58 Stray currents
 21.59 Extraneous currents
 21.60 Static electricity
 21.61 Radio frequency precautions
 21.62 Mobile transmitters
 21.63 Testing circuits
 21.64 Capacity of blasting machines
 21.65 Firing from power lines
 Firing
 21.66 Blaster's responsibility
 21.67 Firing lines
 21.68 Firing all holes
 21.69 Blasting signals
 21.70 Posting warning procedures
 Returning to the Blast Site
 21.71 After the blast
 21.72 Electrical blasting
 21.73 Misfires
 Misfire Procedures
 21.74 Blast site examination
 21.75 Unfired explosives
 21.76 Removing loose material
 21.77 Marking and detonating
 21.78 Safety fuse reblast
 21.79 No relighting
 21.80 Drilling for refiring
 21.81 Extracting explosives
 Specialized Blasting Operations
 21.82 Underwater blasting
 21.83 Special effects blasting
 21.84 Seismic blasting
 21.85 Avalanche control
Part 22 — Underground Workings
 22.1 Definitions
 General Requirements
 22.2 Application
 22.3 Work methods
 22.4 New or unusual situations
 22.5 Preconstruction meeting
 22.6 Notice of project
 22.7 Underground record
 22.8 Hours of work
 22.9 Additional first aid
 22.10 Retroreflective devices
 22.11 Self-rescuers
 Supervision of Workers
 22.12 Underground supervisors
 22.13 Underground worker health and safety representative
 22.14 Impaired persons
 Working Requirements
 22.15 Responsibility for ventilation
 22.16 Prior approval
 22.17 Qualified person
 22.18 Mechanical ventilation
 22.19 Air flow
 22.20 Portal fan
 22.21 Auxiliary fan
 22.22 Modifications
 22.23 Malfunction
 22.24 Unventilated areas
 22.25 Duct air testing
 22.26 Welding fumes
 22.27 Heating underground air
 22.28 Heating equipment
 22.29 Other heating devices
 22.30 Atmospheric testing
 22.31 Testing during construction
 22.32 Additional tests
 22.33 Radioactivity survey
 22.34 Electrical installations
 22.35 Communications
 22.36 Illumination
 22.37 Cap lamps
 22.38 Maintenance
 22.39 Auxiliary lighting
 22.40 Battery charging stations
 22.41 Pipelines
 22.42 Water control
 22.43 Dams
 22.44 Transportation of workers
 22.45 Transportation of workers by rail
 22.46 Shaft conveyances
 Emergency Requirements
 22.47 Procedures
 22.48 Coordination
 22.49 Evacuation procedure
 22.50 Refuge stations
 22.51 Rescue workers
 22.52 Self-contained breathing apparatus
 22.53 Dangerous conditions
 22.54 Fire prevention and control
 22.55 Flammable gas restriction
 22.56 Equipment fire extinguishers
 22.57 Accounting for workers
 Entrance to Underground Working
 22.58 General requirement
 22.59 Structures at the entrance
 22.60 Projecting support system
 22.61 Spill control
 Ground Control
 22.62 General requirement
 22.63 During excavation
 22.64 Shotcrete
 22.65 Operator protection
 Drilling
 22.66 Probe holes
 22.67 Connecting to existing workings
 22.68 Blasting at adjacent sites
 22.69 Inspection before abandonment
 Underground Use of Explosives
 22.70 Transport of explosives
 22.71 Mechanical haulage
 22.72 Transport by track haulage
 22.73 Underground storage of explosives
 22.74 Restriction on ignition sources
 22.75 Fume class
 22.76 Blasting line
 22.77 Remote initiation
 22.78 Water spray
 22.79 Return to blasting site
 22.80 Work restriction
 Mechanical Excavation
 22.81 Dust control
 22.82 Work clearance
 22.83 Elevated work
 Fixed and Mobile Equipment in Underground Working
 22.84 Logs
 22.85 Internal combustion engines
 22.86 Fire suppression
 22.87 Hoses carrying flammable liquid
 22.88 Operating requirements
 Underground Haulage
 22.89 Traffic control
 22.90 Clearance for mechanical haulage
 22.91 Track haulage and mucking equipment
 22.92 Equipment hazard area
 22.93 Switching
 22.94 Derailed equipment
 22.95 Track haulage operations
 22.96 Rail tracks and switches
 Trackless Loading and Hauling
 22.97 Automated and remote control systems
 22.98 Clearance lights
 22.99 Road maintenance
 Waste Dumps and Spoil Areas
 22.100 General requirement
 22.101 Dumping procedures
 22.102 Reversing when dumping
 22.103 Dump worker
 22.104 Track waste dump
 22.105 Electrical trolley systems
Figure 22-1: Standard hand signals for controlling mobile equipment movement
 Raises
 22.106 General requirement
 22.107 Guarding the bottom of the raise
 22.108 Explosives
 22.109 Suspended drill platforms
 22.110 Raise climbers
 22.111 Identification plate
 22.112 General brake requirements
 22.113 Electrically powered raise climbers
 22.114 Brake components
 22.115 Guarding
 22.116 Controls
 22.117 Electric equipment
 22.118 Work platforms
 22.119 Prohibition
 22.120 Safety factor
 22.121 Bolts
 22.122 Racks and pinions
 22.123 Repealed
 22.124 Communication
 22.125 Inspection before use
 22.126 Limits and travel stops
 22.127 Equipment maintenance
 22.128 Operator's duties
 22.129 Reporting defects
 22.130 Repair requirements
 22.131 Emergency procedures
 22.132 Maximum load
 22.133 Riding restriction
 22.134 After blast monitoring
 22.135 Transporting material
 22.136 Electrical shut off
 22.137 Cleaning
 Hoists and Shafts
 22.138 General requirement
 22.139 Shaft openings
 22.140 Access ways
 22.141 Repealed
 Large Diameter Holes
 22.142 General requirement
 22.143 Vertical holes
 22.144 Limiting descent
 22.145 Water in the hole
 22.146 Horizontal holes
 Gassy Underground Workings
 22.147 Written notice
 22.148 Worker instruction
 22.149 Atmospheric testing
 22.150 Automatic alarm
 22.151 Ventilation
 22.152 Ventilation malfunction
 22.153 Air velocity
 22.154 No smoking
 22.155 Welding and burning
 22.156 Prohibited metals
 22.157 Flame arresters
 22.158 Mechanical excavators
 22.159 Fire resistant fluids
 22.160 Combustible dusts
Part 23 — Oil and Gas
 23.1 Definitions
 General Requirements
 23.2 Application
 23.3 Repealed
 23.4 Coordination of multi-employer workplaces
 23.5 Safe work procedures
 23.6 Control of static electricity
 23.7 Fire hazards
 23.8 Control of ignition sources
 23.9 Flare pits and flare lines
 23.10 Fire extinguishers
Table 23-1: Minimum requirements for firefighting equipment
 23.11 Air operating systems
 23.12 Pipelines, fittings and valves
 23.13 Hose connections
 23.14 Pumps
 23.15-23.16 Repealed
 23.17 Pipe racks
 23.18 Handling pipe
 23.19 Kelly hose and safety lines
 23.20 Catheads
 23.21 Rigging up and tearing out
 23.22 Driver training
 23.23 Steep slopes
 23.24 Roads
 23.25 Transporting liquids
 23.26 Gauging
 Geophysical Operations
 23.27 Power line and upset hazards
 23.28 Seismic drills
 23.29 Communications on vehicles
 23.30 Repealed
 Drilling and Servicing Rigs
 23.31 Size of work area
 23.32 Inspection and repair
 23.33 Rig moves
 23.34 List of weights
 23.35 Prohibited work areas
 23.36 SCBA
 23.37 Blowout preventers
 23.38 Spudding in
 23.39.1 Emergency escape systems
 23.39.2 Emergency escape system 1
 23.39.3 Emergency escape system 2
 23.40 Draw works controls
 23.41 Stabbing boards
 23.42 Derrick enclosures
 23.43 Ventilation openings
 23.44 Pits and tanks
 23.45 Ladder platforms
 23.46 Derrick floor access stairways
 23.47 Guardrails
 23.48 Hoisting lines
 23.49 Travelling blocks
 23.50 Hand guards
 23.51 Riding hoisting equipment
 23.52 Guards
 23.53 Crown blocks
 23.54 Securing fingers
 23.55 Counterweight safety lines
 23.56 Weight indicators
 23.57 Brakes
 23.58 Drill pipes, collars and tubing
 23.59 Mud cans
 23.60 Rotary tongs
 23.61 Rotary table
 23.62 Fuel storage
 23.63 Guylines
 Drill Stem Testing, Swabbing, Cementing, Well Servicing and Stimulation
 23.64 General requirements
 23.64.1 Snubbing operations
 23.65 Swabbing at night
 23.66 Gauging
 23.67 Disposal of fluids
 23.68 Air intake and exhaust
 23.69 Flow piping
 23.70 Piping, hoses and valves
 23.71 High risk fluids
 23.72 Pressure testing requirements
 23.73 Hot oiling
 23.74 Bonding and grounding
 Production and Plant Operations
 23.75 Preventing ignition
 23.76 Blanking of lines
 23.77 Retaining walls and diked areas
 23.78 Truck loading and unloading
 23.79 Pressure relief
 23.80 Venting of trucks
 23.81 Wrenches
 Cleaning and Repairing Tanks or Vessels
 23.82 Inerting
 23.83 Safety harnesses
 23.84 Welding precautions
 23.85 Openings
 23.86 Electrical equipment
 23.87 Repealed
 Gas Sample Containers
 23.88 Standards
 23.89 Safe practices
Part 24 — Diving, Fishing and Other Marine Operations
 24.1 Definitions
 Wharves, Docks and Mooring Floats
 24.2 Ladders
 24.3 Lifesaving equipment
 24.4 Curbs, bullrails, guardrails and barriers
 24.5 Markings
 24.6 Rescue boat
 Diving Operations

General Requirements
 24.7 Application
 24.8 Repealed
 24.9 Notice of project
 24.10 Medical certification
 24.11 Diver's fitness
 24.12 Training
 24.13 Evidence of competency
 24.14 Diving logs
 24.15 Dive site equipment
 24.16 Lifelines
 24.17 Safe diving procedures
 24.18 Diving supervisor's worksite duties
 24.19 Crew briefing
 24.20 Diver's responsibilities
 24.21 Diving tables
 24.22 Decompression procedures
 24.23 Diver care and transportation
 24.24 Medical alert tag
 24.25 Hyperbaric chambers
 24.26 Breathing mediums
 24.27 Breathing apparatus
 24.28 Compressor intake
 24.29 Gauges and meters
 24.30 Warning devices
 24.31 Rescue boat
 24.32 Hoists
 24.33 Standby diver
 24.34 Incident investigation reports
 Scuba Diving
 24.35 Communication
 24.36 Minimum crew
 24.37 Restrictions on scuba
 24.38 Equipment
 24.39 Testing cylinders
 Surface Supply Diving
 24.40 Minimum crew
 24.41 Diver's tender
 24.42 Diver's equipment
 24.43 Compressors
 24.44 Volume tanks
 24.45 Breathing air filters
 24.46 Manifolds and fittings
 24.47 Breathing gas lines
 Deep Diving
 24.48 General requirements
 24.49 Hyperbaric chamber
 24.50 Transportation to the underwater worksite
 24.51 Rest periods
 Submersible Compression Chambers (SCC) and Lock-Out Submersibles (LOS)
 24.52 Standards
 24.53 General equipment requirements
 24.54 Design
 24.55 Lifting gear
 24.56 Secondary lifting equipment
 24.57 Diving system procedures
 Atmospheric Diving Systems (ADS)
 24.58 Registration
 24.59 General equipment requirements
 24.60 Secondary means of surfacing
 24.61 Secondary lifting equipment
 Altitude Diving
 24.62 General procedures
 Specific Diving Hazards
 24.63 Hazardous mechanisms
 24.64 Intakes, pipes and tunnels
 24.65 Exceptional hazards
 24.66 Contaminated environments
 Live Boating
 24.67 General requirements
 24.68 Procedures
 Fishing Operations

General Requirements
 24.69 Application
 24.70 Compliance with standards
 24.71 Owner and master responsibilities
 24.72 Documentation
 24.73 Instruction
 24.74 Emergency procedures
 24.75 Crewmember responsibility
 24.76 Vessel preparation
 24.77 Reporting injuries
 24.78 Unsafe conditions
 24.79 Repealed
 24.80 Slipping and tripping hazards
 24.81 Guarding of equipment
 24.82 Inspection of rigging
 24.83 Access and egress
 24.84 Protection from falling
 24.85 Deck openings
 24.86 De-energization
 24.87 Equipment control devices
 24.88 Braking devices
 24.89 Illumination
 24.90 Ventilation
 24.91 Propane installations
 24.92 Galley requirements
 24.93 Requirements for sensors and alarms
 24.94–24.95 Repealed
 24.96 Protection against cold
 24.97 Crewmember overboard
 24.98 Davits
 24.99 Communication
 24.100 Ozone generators
 24.101 Loading and offloading
 24.102 Work areas and operations
 24.103 Proper lifting
 Requirements for Specific Fishing Operations

Gillnetting

Salmon
 24.104 Drums
 24.105 Pin rollers
 Herring
 24.106 Work areas and safeguarding
 24.107 Fouled propellers
 24.108 Hauling net anchors
 24.109 Brailers
 24.110 Towing skiffs
 Handlining
 24.111 Gloves
 Longlining
 24.112 Setting procedures
 24.113 Knives
 24.114 Guarding
 24.115 Hoisting device
 Seining

General Requirements
 24.116 Hairpins and ringstrippers
 24.117 Spooling gear
 24.118 Lifting the bag
 24.119 Drum operation
 24.120 Brailing
 24.121 Purse rings
 24.122 Pumps
 24.123 Drying up
 24.124 Power blocks
 Seine Skiffs
 24.125 Communication
 24.126 Skiff design
 24.127 Equipment stowage
 24.128 Personal flotation devices (PFDs)
 24.129 Engine exhaust
 24.130 Capsize protection
 Beachline Operations
 24.131 Instruction
 24.132 Tie-up sites
 24.133 Personal protective equipment
 24.134 Night operations
 Trap Fishing
 24.135 Master's responsibility
 24.136 Securing traps
 24.137 Lifelines
 Trawling
 24.138 Safe work procedures
 24.139 Securing areas and equipment
 24.140 Splitting straps
 Trolling
 24.141 Trolling poles
 24.142 Gurdy brakes
 24.143 Cockpit covers
Part 25 — Camps
Part 26 — Forestry Operations and Similar Activities
 26.1 Definitions
 General Requirements
 26.1.1 Prime contractor requirements for forestry operations
 26.1.2 Multiple-employer workplace
 26.2 Planning and conducting a forestry operation
 26.3 Training
 26.3.1 Forestry operation fire fighting
 26.4 Notice of project
 26.5 Initial safety meeting
 26.6 Repealed
 26.7 Highly visible clothing
 26.7.1 Climbing equipment
 26.7.2 Weather conditions
 26.8 Cutting cables
 26.9 Repealed
 26.10 Metal in saw logs
 26.11 Dangerous trees
 26.12 Repealed
 Equipment Operation
 26.12.1 Equipment capabilities
 26.12.2 Radio controlled equipment
 26.13 Non-slip floors and controls
 26.13.1 Equipment operator protections
 26.13.2 Maintaining operator vision
 26.13.3 Mobile yarders
 26.14 Repealed
 26.14.1 Hazard area of logging equipment
 26.14.2 Designated safe work area
 26.14.3 Traffic control
 26.15 Repealed
 26.16 Slope limitations
 26.17 Repealed
 26.18 Landslides
 26.19–26.20 Repealed
 Manual Falling and Bucking
 26.20.1 Application
 26.21 Faller qualifications
 26.22 Forestry operation faller training
 26.22.1 Falling supervisors for forestry operations
 26.23 Procedures for falling and bucking
 26.24 Responsibility for falling and bucking
 26.25 Dangerous trees and logs
 26.26 Falling dangerous trees
 26.27 Location of fallers
 26.28 Summoning assistance
 26.29 Entry to falling area
 Mechanical Falling
 26.29.1 Application
 26.29.2 Limits on use of mechanical harvester
 26.29.3 Incomplete falling cuts
 26.29.4 Hazard area
 26.29.5 No additional hazards
 Traffic Control for Falling Operations
 26.30 Traffic control
 Yarding
 26.31 Repealed
 26.32–26.33 Repealed
 26.33.1 Application
 26.34 Signalling
 26.35–26.37 Repealed
 26.38 Riding on rigging
 26.39 Safe location
 26.39.1 Removal of potential hazards to rigging
 26.40 Anchors
 26.41 Guylines
Figure 26-1 Positioning guylines for mobile yarders
 26.42 Rigging
 26.43 Supporting blocks
 26.44 Winches
 26.45 Prohibition of knots
 26.46 Skyline anchors
 26.47 Skyline extensions
 26.48 Skyline spars
 26.49 Skyline rigging
 26.50 Backspar guylines
 26.51 Lift trees
 26.52 Repealed
 Skidding
 26.53 Ground skidding operations
 26.54 Repealed
 26.55 Mainline release
 Forestry Work Areas
 26.56 Work area arrangement
 26.57–26.58 Repealed
 26.59 Suspended logs
 26.60 Repealed
 26.61 Vehicle movements
 26.62 Repealed
 26.63 Unauthorized persons
 26.64 Bunk and stake assemblies
 Hauling
 26.65 Bullboards
 26.66 Bunks and stakes
 26.67 Loading logs
 26.68 Binders
 26.69 Binder removal
 26.70–26.71 Repealed
 26.71.1 Operating procedures
 26.71.2 Daily log
 26.72 Warning devices
 26.73–26.75 Repealed
 26.76 Securing trailers
 26.77 Assistance on steep grades
 26.78 Transporting workers
 Roads and Road Maintenance
 26.79 Haul road standards
 26.80 Creating additional hazards
 26.81 Bull rails
 26.82 Roadside hazards
 26.83 Traffic control systems
 26.83.1 Radio traffic control
 26.84 Weigh scales
 Water Operations
 26.85 Condition of boats
 26.86 Boat equipment
 26.87 Boat size
 26.88 Overloading
 26.89 Presence of operator
 26.90 Wind and sea conditions
 26.91 Hand signals
 26.92 Repealed
 26.93 General requirements for booming
 26.94 Rigging
 26.95 Winches
 26.96 Manual boom stripping
 26.97 Repealed
 26.98 Dumping log bundles
 26.99 Repealed
Table 26-1: Audible call signals
Table 26-2: Audible signals for vehicle operations
Table 26-3: Audible signals for high lead logging
Table 26-4: Audible signals for slackline logging
Table 26-5: Audible signals for mechanical slack pulling and drop line carriages on skyline yarders or running skyline yarders (as applicable)
Table 26-6: Requirements for radio controlled carriages
Table 26-7: Hand signals
Table 26-8: Voice commands for grapple yarders
Part 27 — Wood Products Manufacturing
 27.1 Application
 General Requirements
 27.2 Protection from flying debris
 27.3 Kickback and kickout protection
 27.4 Pressure rolls
 27.5 Crossing green chains and decks
 27.6 Lumber package rollcase access
 27.7 Mechanical handlers
 27.8 Veneer clippers
 27.9 Kilns
 27.10 Personnel hoists
 27.11 Hidden hazards
 27.12 Communication
 27.13 Water operations
 Saws and Knives
 27.14 Unattended machinery
 27.15 Sharpening saws and knives
 27.16 Babbitt melting
 27.17 Sharp-edged tools
 27.18 Circular saw guarding
 27.19 Band saw guarding
 27.20 Slasher and trim saws
 27.21 Circular cutoff saws
 27.22 Splitters
 27.23 Chop, trim and swing cutoff saws
 27.24 Circular saw guides
 27.25 Cutoff saw interlocks
 27.26 Saw operator location
 27.27 Repealed
 27.28 Saw maintenance
 27.29 Cracks in circular saws
Table 27-1: Circular saw crack limits
 27.30 Cracks in band saws
Table 27-2: Band saw crack limits
 27.31 Band saw wheel wear limits
 Log Handling
 27.32 Log-haul walkways
 27.33 Log hauling equipment
 27.34 Rolling logs
 27.35 Barker feed restraints
 27.36 Bundle breaking
 Headrigs
 27.37 Buffer stops
 27.38 Locking control levers
 27.39 Carriage track barriers
 27.40 Preventing contact
 Chippers, Hogs and Planers
 27.41 Hog and chipper chutes
 27.42 Hogs, chippers and cutting heads
 Materials Handling
 27.43 Height of chip and sawdust piles
 27.44 Wood products storage
 Shake and Shingle Mills
 27.45 Shake splitters and cubers
 27.46 Block size and pile height
 27.47 Shingle saws
 27.48 Shake resaw arm guards
 27.49 Clipper saw guards
 27.50 Clipper saw brakes
 27.51 Treadle controls
 27.52 Set works and reciprocating parts
 27.53 Carriage speed
 27.54 Saw diameter
 27.55 Unattended machines
Part 28 — Agriculture
 28.1 Definitions
 28.2 Application
 Division 1 — General Conditions
 28.3 Cold storage rooms
 28.4 Bridges and culverts
 28.5 Barriers for manure pits
 28.6 Instruction of seasonal, temporary and other workers
 28.7 Animal handling
 28.8 Indoor air quality exception
 28.9 Control of environmental tobacco smoke exception
 28.10 Drinking water
 Division 2 — Hazardous Substances
 28.11 Personal hygiene
 28.12 Biohazards exception
 28.13 Anhydrous ammonia
 28.14 Ventilation of buildings near manure tanks
 Division 3 — Personal Protective Equipment
 28.15 Horseback riding exception
 Division 4 — Equipment
 28.16 Warning signs for power take-off devices
 28.17 Signs and procedures for equipment guarding
 28.18 Hay balers
 28.19 Round balers
 28.20 Post-hole diggers
 28.21 Post drivers
 28.22 Chain saws exception
 28.23 Hand winch for auger conveyors
 28.24 Alternative means of evaluation for automotive lifts and vehicle supports
 28.25 Orchard ladders exception
 28.26 Orchard ladders design
 28.27 Orchard ladders instructions and use
 28.28 Previously installed fixed ladders exception
 28.29 Small cranes and hoists exception
 28.30 Altered application dates for cranes and hoists
 28.31 Alternative requirements for rigging identification
 28.32 Evaluation of a rigging device
 28.33 Older mobile equipment exception
 28.34 Means of escape exception
 28.35 Alternative evaluation of an attachment
 28.36 Alternative for design of riding station
 28.37 Safety device on older trucks exception
 28.38 Protective structures exception for mobile equipment
 28.39 ROPS on older equipment exception
 28.40 Protective structures exception for agricultural tractors
 28.41 Rollover protective structures for agricultural tractors
 28.42 Use of seat belts on agricultural tractors
 28.43 General requirements for mobile elevating work platforms
 28.44 Mobile elevating work platform design standards
 28.45 Identification on mobile elevating work platforms
 28.46 Fall protection exception
 28.47 Annual inspection and certification exception
 28.48 Operational devices exception
 28.49 Pulling loads
 28.50 Transportation of workers
Part 29 — Aircraft Operations
 29.1 Repealed
 General Requirements
 29.2 Application
 29.3 Pre-job planning and training
 29.4 Repealed
 29.5 Communications
 29.6–29.8 Repealed
 29.9 Airlifted loads
 29.10 Traffic control
 29.11 Rotorwash
 29.12 Unstable materials
 29.13–29.15 Repealed
 Forestry Operations
 29.16 Notification
 29.17 Site supervision
 29.18–29.19 Repealed
 29.20 Log loading areas
 Pesticide Application
 29.21–29.22 Repealed
 29.23 Flagpersons
Part 30 — Laboratories
 30.1 Definition
 30.1.1 Application
 General Requirements
 30.2 Equipment operation
 30.3 Repealed
 30.4 Plumbing
 30.5 Fire protection
 30.6 Guarding
 30.7 Equipment ventilation
 30.7.1 Definitions
 30.8 Fume hoods
 30.9 Airflow and containment monitoring
 30.10 Ducting
 30.11 Exhaust discharge
 30.12 Biological safety cabinets
 30.13 Centrifuges
 30.14 Procedures
 30.15 Permitted quantities
 30.16 Transport of containers
 30.17 Personal protection
 30.18 Spills and other emergencies
 30.19 Waste disposal
 Specific Substances and Procedures
 30.20 Explosive and highly reactive materials
 30.21 Perchloric acid
 30.22 Picric acid
 30.23 Peroxide-forming compounds
 30.24 Cryogenic liquids
 30.25 Sharps
 30.26 Biological agents and human pathogens
 30.27 Animal handling
 30.28 Microtomes
 30.29 Electrophoresis
Part 31 — Firefighting
 31.1 Definitions
 31.2 Application
 General Requirements
 31.3 Health and safety committee
 31.4 Instruction and direction
 31.5 Procedures
 31.6 Rest and rehabilitation
 31.7 Impounding equipment
 31.8 Equipment defects
 31.9 Test records
 Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment
 31.10 General requirement
 31.11 Maintenance
 31.12 Firefighter responsibility
 31.13 Safety headgear
 31.14 Protective coats, pants and hoods
 31.15 Stationwear and personal garments
 31.16 Working gloves
 31.17 Fall protection
 31.18 Personal alert safety system
 Respiratory Protection
 31.19 General
 31.20 Fitness to use SCBA
 31.21 Operation of SCBA
 31.22 Sealing and fit testing
 31.23 Entry into buildings
 31.24 Air quality and sampling
 31.25 Spare equipment
 31.26 Maintenance and records
 Transportation
 31.27 Seating
 31.28 Communication
 31.29 Enclosed crew cabs
 31.30 Stowing equipment
 31.31 Safe movement of vehicles
 31.32 Vehicle exhaust in firehalls
 Aerial Devices and Ground Ladders
 31.33 General
 31.34 Nondestructive testing
 31.35 Controls
 31.36 Operator location
 31.37 Ground ladders
 Other Equipment
 31.38 Flashlights and hand lanterns
 31.39 Plaster hooks and pike poles
Part 32 — Evacuation and Rescue
 32.1 Repealed
 32.2 Training
 32.3 Equipment
 32.4 Ropes
 32.5 Inspection of equipment
 32.6 Maintenance records
 32.7 First aid
 32.8 Communications
 32.9 Work areas over water
Part 33
 33.1–33.52 Repealed
Schedules 1 to 7