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Community Charter

[SBC 2003] CHAPTER 26

Assented to May 29, 2003

Contents
Part 1 — Principles, Purposes and Interpretation
 1Principles of municipal governance
 2Principles of municipal-provincial relations
 3Purposes of Act
 4Broad interpretation
 5Definitions and other interpretation rules
Part 2 — Municipal Purposes and Powers
 Division 1 — Purposes and Fundamental Powers
 6Municipalities and their councils
 7Municipal purposes
 8Fundamental powers
 9Spheres of concurrent authority
 Division 2 — Scope of Jurisdiction
 10Relationship with Provincial laws
 11Area of jurisdiction
 Division 3 — Ancillary Powers
 12Authority to establish variations, terms and conditions
 13Services outside municipality
 13.1Services within treaty lands
 14Intermunicipal service, regulatory and other schemes
 15Licensing and standards authority
 16Authority to enter on or into property
 17Municipal action at defaulter's expense
 18Authority to discontinue providing a service
 19Requirements for security to be paid to municipality
 20Emergency powers
Part 3 — Additional Powers and Limits on Powers
 Division 1 — Partnering and Other Agreements
 21Partnering agreements
 22Agreements granting exclusive or limited franchises
 23Agreements with other public authorities
 Division 2 — Restrictions on Providing Assistance
 24Publication of intention to provide certain kinds of assistance
 25General prohibition against assistance to business and exceptions
 Division 3 — Municipal Property
 26Notice of proposed property disposition
 27Exchange or other disposal of park land
 28Disposal of water systems, sewage systems and other utilities
 29Municipal ownership of subdivision park land
 30Reservation and dedication of municipal property
 Division 4 — Expropriation and Compensation
 31General expropriation power
 32Authority to enter on and use property
 33Compensation for expropriation and other actions
 34Appropriation of stream channel or bed without compensation
 Division 5 — Highways
 35Ownership and possession of highways
 36General authority in relation to highways
 37Intermunicipal boundary highways
 38Temporary traffic restriction and traffic control
 39Additional powers in relation to highways
 40Permanent closure and removal of highway dedication
 41Restrictions in relation to highway disposition, closure or alteration
 42Agreements respecting compensation for extraordinary traffic
 43Agreements respecting municipal equipment on utility poles
 44Agreements to reserve land for highway purposes
 45Highway construction and dikes
 46Use of highways and public places
 Division 6 — Animal Control
 47Classes of animals
 48Seizure and related powers
 49Special powers in relation to dangerous dogs
 Division 7 — Authority in Relation to Trees
 50Restrictions in relation to authority
 51Compensation not payable
 52Right to reconsideration by council
 Division 8 — Building Regulation
 53General authority in relation to buildings and other structures
 54Building permits and occupancy permits
 55Requirement for professional certification
 56Requirement for geotechnical report
 57Note against land title that building regulations contravened
 58Cancellation of note against land title
 Division 9 — Business Regulation
 59Powers to require and prohibit
 60Business licence authority
 61Restriction on authority to require examination or certification
 Division 10 — Other Spheres
 62Public place powers
 63Protection of persons and property
 64Nuisances, disturbances and other objectionable situations
 65Signs and other advertising
 Division 11 — Other Powers
 66Fire chief powers
 67Disposal of property in police possession
 68Restriction on authority to fluoridate
 69Specific authority in relation to drainage, sewage and dikes
 70Drainage control
 71Orders and awards respecting drainage or reclamation works
 Division 12 — Remedial Action Requirements
 72Council may impose remedial action requirements
 73Hazardous conditions
 74Declared nuisances
 75Harm to drainage or dike
 76Time limit for compliance
 77Notice to affected persons
 78Person affected may request reconsideration by council
 79Shorter time limits in urgent circumstances
 80Recovery of municipal costs through sale of property
Part 4 — Public Participation and Council Accountability
 Division 1 — Elections, Petitions and Community Opinion
 81Election proceedings
 82Petitions to council
 83Council may seek community opinion
 Division 2 — Approval of the Electors
 84Approval of the electors
 85Assent of the electors
 86Alternative approval process
 87Matters requiring approval or assent may be combined
 88Agreements requiring approval or assent
 Division 3 — Open Meetings
 89General rule that meetings must be open to the public
 90Meetings that may or must be closed to the public
 91Other persons attending closed meetings
 92Requirements before meeting is closed
 93Application of rules to other bodies
 Division 4 — Public Notice and Access to Records
 94Requirements for public notice
 95Public access to municipal records
 96Agreements that require elector approval or assent
 97Other records to which public access must be provided
 Division 5 — Reporting
 98Annual municipal report
 99Annual meeting on report
 Division 6 — Conflict of Interest
 100Disclosure of conflict
 101Restrictions on participation if in conflict
 102Restrictions on inside influence
 103Restrictions on outside influence
 104Exceptions from conflict restrictions
 105Restrictions on accepting gifts
 106Disclosure of gifts
 107Disclosure of contracts with council members and former council members
 108Restrictions on use of insider information
 108.1Disqualification from office for contravening conflict rules
 109Court order for person to give up financial gain
 Division 7 — Challenge of Council Member Qualification for Office
 110Disqualifications to which this Division applies
 111Application to court for declaration of disqualification
 112Status of person subject to an application
 113Costs of an application
Part 5 — Municipal Government and Procedures
 Division 1 — Council Roles and Responsibilities
 114Council as governing body
 115Responsibilities of council members
 116Responsibilities of mayor
 117Duty to respect confidentiality
 118Size of council
 119Term of office for council members
 120Oath or affirmation of office
 121Resignation from office
 Division 2 — Council Proceedings
 122Exercise of powers by bylaw or resolution
 123General voting rules
 124Procedure bylaws
 125Council meetings
 126Calling of special council meetings
 127Notice of council meetings
 128Electronic meetings and participation by members
 129Quorum for conducting business
 130Designation of member to act in place of mayor
 131Mayor may require council reconsideration of a matter
 132Authority of presiding member
 133Expulsion from meetings
 134Authority to compel witnesses
 134.1Meetings and hearings outside municipality
 Division 3 — Bylaw Procedures
 135Requirements for passing bylaws
 136When a bylaw comes into force
 137Power to amend or repeal
 138Municipal codes and other general bylaws
 139Consolidation of bylaws
 140Revision of bylaws
 Division 4 — Committees, Commissions and Other Bodies
 141Standing committees of council
 142Select committees of council
 143Municipal commissions
 144Authority to rescind appointment
 145Application of procedure rules to other bodies
 Division 5 — Officers and Employees
 146Officer positions
 147Chief administrative officer
 148Corporate officer
 149Financial officer
 150General employment matters
 151Suspension of officers and employees
 152Termination of officers
 153Prohibition against interfering with municipal officers and employees
 Division 6 — Delegation
 154Delegation of council authority
 155Special rules respecting delegation of hearings and other proceedings
 156Reconsideration of delegate's decisions
 Division 7 — Other Matters
 157Municipal days of recognition
 158Freedom of the municipality
 159Notice to municipality
 160Notice by municipality: obligation satisfied if reasonable effort made
 161Court order allowing substituted service
 162Certified copies of municipal records
 163Evidence of municipal bylaws and other records
Part 6 — Financial Management
 Division 1 — Financial Planning and Accountability
 164Fiscal year
 165Financial plan
 166Public process for development of financial plan
 167Annual financial statements
 168Reporting of council remuneration, expenses and contracts
 Division 2 — Audit
 169Municipal auditor
 170Audit committee
 171Auditor's reports
 172Complaints to council or auditor about financial affairs
 Division 3 — Expenditures, Liabilities and Investments
 173Limit on expenditures
 174Limit on borrowing and other liabilities
 175Liabilities under agreements
 176Liabilities imposed under prescribed enactments
 177Revenue anticipation borrowing
 178Short term capital borrowing
 179Loan authorization bylaws for long term borrowing
 180Elector approval required for some loan authorization bylaws
 181Temporary borrowing under loan authorization bylaw
 182Municipal financing through regional district
 183Investment of municipal funds
 184Property accepted in trust
 185Ownership of corporations
 186Self-insurance by local authorities
 187Indemnification against proceedings
 Division 4 — Reserve Funds
 188Establishment of reserve funds
 189Use of money in reserve funds
 Division 5 — Restrictions on Use of Municipal Funds
 190Purposes for which borrowed money may be used
 191Liabilities for use of money contrary to Act
Part 7 — Municipal Revenue
 Division 1 — General
 192General revenue sources
 193Authority for fees and taxes
 193.1Interest calculation
 Division 2 — Fees
 194Municipal fees
 195Fees in relation to soil removal and deposit
 196Fees in relation to fire and security alarm systems
 Division 3 — Property Value Taxes
 197Annual property tax bylaw
 198Assessment averaging and phasing options
 199Property tax rates regulations
 Division 4 — Parcel Taxes
 200Parcel tax bylaw
 201Property subject to parcel tax
 202Parcel tax roll for purpose of imposing tax
 203Content of parcel tax roll
 204Parcel tax roll review panel
 205Review panel to hear complaints and make corrections
 206Authentication of parcel tax roll
 207Appeal to Supreme Court from review panel decision
 208Updating the parcel tax roll
 209Validity of parcel tax roll
 Division 5 — Local Service Taxes
 210Authority for local area services
 211Requirements for establishing a local area service
 212Petition for local area service
 213Local area service on council initiative — subject to petition against
 214Local area service on council initiative — subject to elector assent
 215Business improvement areas
 216Local service taxes
 217Borrowing in relation to a local area service
 218Enlargement or reduction of local service area
 219Merging of local service areas
 Division 6 — Statutory Exemptions
 220General statutory exemptions
 221Grandparented pollution abatement exemptions
 221.1Grandparented dust and particulate matter eliminator exemptions
 222Phased farm property tax exemption
 223Exemptions under regulations
 Division 7 — Permissive Exemptions
 224General authority for permissive exemptions
 225Partnering, heritage, riparian and other special exemption authority
 226Revitalization tax exemptions
 227Notice of permissive tax exemptions
 Division 8 — Tax Liability of Occupiers
 228Taxation of Crown land used by others
 229Taxation of municipal land used by others
 230Taxation of occupier of exempt land
 Division 9 — General Revenue Collection Authority
 231Recovery of taxes and fees
 232Collection agreements with other taxing authorities
 Division 10 — Property Tax Due Dates and Tax Notices
 232.1Definition and application of section 160
 233Options for tax due dates
 234General tax collection scheme
 235Alternative municipal tax collection scheme
 236Owner may elect which scheme to use
 237General tax notices
 238Persons may request copies of tax notices
 Division 11 — Adjustments to Taxes
 239Interest on overpayment of taxes
 240Adjustments for assessment changes
 241Taxation based on supplementary roll
 242Apportionment of property value taxes if land subdivided
 243Apportionment of parcel taxes if land subdivided
 Division 12 — Payment of Taxes
 244Application of tax payments
 245Taxes in arrear
 246Delinquent taxes
 247Treatment of outstanding taxes on subdivision or cancellation of subdivision
 248Statement of outstanding taxes
 249Certificate of outstanding taxes
 Division 13 — Recovery of Taxes
 250Taxes are a special charge on the land
 251Liability of assessed owner
 252Recovery of taxes by the legal remedy of distress
 253Power to accept real property in place of taxes
 254Tax sales
 255Notice of delinquent taxes on Crown land
 256Recovery of taxes on Crown land subject to an agreement for sale
 257Recovery of taxes on Crown land held under lease or licence
 Division 14 — Recovery of Special Fees
 258Special fees may be collected as property taxes
 259Special fees that are liens against property
Part 8 — Bylaw Enforcement and Related Matters
 Division 1 — Bylaw Enforcement
 260Enforcement powers
 261Payment of fines and other penalties to municipality
 262Recovery of penalty and costs by legal remedy of distress
 Division 2 —  Offence Act Prosecutions
 263Penalties in relation to Offence Act prosecutions
 263.1Additional sentencing powers in relation to Offence Act prosecutions
 Division 3 — Ticketing for Bylaw Offences
 264Ticket offences
 265Penalties in relation to ticket offences
 266Laying information and serving ticket
 267Choice of paying fine or disputing ticket
 268Effect of paying fine
 269Hearing of dispute
 270Failure to appear at hearing
 271Failure to respond to ticket
 272Time extensions if person not at fault in failing to respond or appear
 273Regulations in relation to ticket offences
 Division 4 — Enforcement by Civil Proceedings
 274Actions by municipality
 Division 5 — Other Matters
 275Entry warrants
Part 9 — Governmental Relations
 Division 1 — Provincial-Municipal Relations
 276Required consultations
 277Consultation agreements
 278Enforcement of obligations
 279No forced amalgamations
 Division 2 — Provincial Regulations
 280Regulations providing exemptions from approval requirements
 281Regulations providing additional powers and exceptions
 282General regulation authority
 283Variation authority
 Division 3 — Dispute Resolution
 284Request for assistance in relation to intergovernmental dispute
 285Voluntary binding arbitration
 286Mandatory binding arbitration
 287Final proposal arbitration
 288Full arbitration
 289General provisions regarding arbitration process
 290Implementation of arbitrator's decision
 291Regulations respecting arbitrations
 292Commencement
Schedule