Search Results | Clear Search | Previous (in doc) | Next (in doc) | Prev Doc | Next Doc
Qp Date
This Act has "Not in Force" sections. See the Table of Legislative Changes.

Motor Fuel Tax Act

[RSBC 1996] CHAPTER 317

Contents
Part 1 — Definitions and Application
1Definitions
1.1Fuel imported by ship
1.2Liability of other persons
2Application of Act
3Repealed
3.1Tax on methanol based fuel and compressed natural gas
3.11Repealed
Part 2 — Imposition and Amount of Tax
4Tax on gasoline
5Tax on coloured fuel
5.1Tax on coloured fuel if declaration not obtained
6Tax on marine diesel fuel and locomotive fuel
7Tax on jet fuel
8Tax on aviation fuel
9Tax on natural gas
9.1Tax paid under Provincial Sales Tax Act on natural gas used in stationary internal combustion engine
10Tax on motive fuel
10.1Tax on alternative motor fuel
10.2Repealed
10.3Tax on propane
11Marine bunker fuel exemption
12South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority tax arrangements
12.1Victoria regional transit service area tax arrangements
13Additional tax for transportation infrastructure construction
13.1Repealed
13.2Tax if fuel used for new purpose
Part 3 — Coloured Fuel and Motive Fuel
13.3Definitions
14Authority to colour fuel
14.1Authority to sell coloured fuel
14.2Repealed
15Prohibition against unauthorized purchase or use of coloured fuel
15.1Repealed
16Permit or licence required to bring fuel into British Columbia
Part 3.1 — Heating Oil and Non-Motor Fuel Oil
16.1Definitions
16.2Authority to colour heating oil and non-motor fuel oil
16.3Authority to sell coloured heating oil and coloured non-motor fuel oil
16.4Heating oil must be coloured
16.5Prohibitions against relabelling — heating oil and non-motor fuel oil
16.6Declaration must be obtained on sale of non-motor fuel oil
16.7Unauthorized uses of heating oil and non-motor fuel oil
16.8Application of provisions to heating oil or non-motor fuel oil liable to be taxed
Part 4 — International Fuel Tax Agreement
17Minister may enter into agreement
18Payments by minister
19Issue of licences and decals to carriers
Part 5 — Refunds
20Refund of taxes paid or remitted
20.1Refund of taxes in accordance with Nisga'a Nation Taxation Agreement
20.101Treaty first nation tax refunds
20.11Refund of security
20.12Refund of security on coloured fuel for deputy collectors and retail dealers
20.2Refunds when joint and several liability
21Refund or deduction for bad debts
22Refund where fuel used for certain purposes
22.1Refund to purchaser of coloured fuel who pays tax under section 5.1, but uses fuel for authorized purpose
23Person with disabilities
24Motive fuel refund
24.1Refunds authorized or required under the regulations
25Claim for refund
26Refund limits
27Repealed
Part 6 — Collection of Tax
28Appointment of vendors as collectors
29Prohibition against relabelling — fuel
30Suspension or cancellation of collector's appointment
31—32Repealed
33Deputy collectors
34Duties of retail dealers, deputy collectors and collectors
34.01Relief of obligations to extent tax remitted
34.1Agent of government
35Remittance of tax
35.1Collections
36Allowance for collecting tax
37Issue of registered consumer certificate
37.1Suspension or cancellation of registered consumer certificate
38Security from collector
39Security from deputy collector
40Security from retail dealer
40.1Change in tax rate and payment of security
Part 7 — Tax Collection Administration
41Inspection and audit powers
42Estimate of unremitted tax
43Assessments of amounts
44Failure to collect taxes
45Failure to remit or pay taxes or security
45.1Board member's liability
45.2Deemed board member
45.3Penalty for unauthorized purchase or use of coloured fuel
45.4Penalties for unauthorized uses of heating oil or non-motor fuel oil
46Notice of assessment
46.1Assessment against board member
47Irregularities
48Interest until notice of assessment issued
48.1Interest after notice of assessment issued
49Inspection powers
49.1Certificate required for bulk transaction
Part 8 — Appeals
50Appeal to minister
51Appeal to court
52Pending appeal not to affect tax collection
Part 9 — Recovery of Amounts Owing
53Collection bond
54Court action to recover amount owing
55Summary proceedings without action
56Alternate remedies
57Attachment of funds
57.1Lien
57.2Responsibility of person having control of property
58Notice of enforcement proceedings
59Limitation period
60Application for injunction
Part 10 — General
60.1Appointment of director
61Delegation
62Confidentiality
63Service of notices
63.1Demand for information
63.2Conversion of measurement
Part 11 — Offences and Penalties
64Offences
65Onus of proof
66Analyst and certificate of analysis
67Evidence
68Offence by corporation
69Time limit on prosecution
70Section 5 of the Offence Act
Part 12 — Regulations
71Power to make regulations
72Not in force
73Repealed

Part 1 — Definitions and Application

Definitions

1  In this Act:

"alternative motor fuel" means alternative motor fuel as defined in the regulations;

"analyst" means a person designated as an analyst under section 66 (1);

"assessment" includes reassessment;

"aviation fuel" means fuel that is

(a) produced specifically for use in an aircraft that is not propelled by a turbine, and

(b) used in an aircraft as fuel for the engine that propels the aircraft;

"biodiesel fuel" means a fuel that is made up of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from plant or animal matter;

"board member" means a member of a board of directors of a corporation and includes a person who is deemed to be a board member under section 45.2;

"buy" includes to obtain ownership by barter or exchange;

"calendar quarter" means a period

(a) beginning on January 1 and ending on the following March 31,

(b) beginning on April 1 and ending on the following June 30,

(c) beginning on July 1 and ending on the following September 30, or

(d) beginning on October 1 and ending on the following December 31;

"carrier" means a person who owns or operates one or more motor vehicles used interprovincially or internationally for the commercial carriage of passengers or goods;

"carrier decal" means a decal

(a) issued by the director under section 19 (6), or

(b) issued, in accordance with the International Fuel Tax Agreement, by another jurisdiction that is a party to that agreement;

"carrier licence" means a licence

(a) issued by the director under section 19 (1), or

(b) issued, in accordance with the International Fuel Tax Agreement, by another jurisdiction that is a party to that agreement;

"collector" means a person who is appointed as a collector under section 28 (1);

"coloured fuel" means

(a) fuel, other than propane, coloured in accordance with section 14 and the regulations, and

(b) the following fuels if they are used for a purpose for which coloured fuel is authorized to be used under section 15:

(i) methanol based fuel;

(ii) fuel of which at least 85% is ethanol;

"commercial motor vehicle" means a commercial vehicle as defined in the Commercial Transport Act;

"deputy collector" means a person who is deemed appointed as a deputy collector under section 33;

"diesel fuel" includes

(a) renewable diesel fuel, and

(b) ethanol when blended with diesel fuel or renewable diesel fuel;

"director" means a person appointed by the minister to administer this Act;

"farm" means land that is classified as a farm under the Assessment Act;

"farm truck" means a farm vehicle, as defined in the Commercial Transport Regulations, that is licensed as a farm vehicle under the Commercial Transport Act;

"farmer" means a person who operates a farm;

"fuel" means

(a) any gas or liquid, including biofuel, for use for generating power by means of an internal combustion engine,

(b) hydrogen for use in a fuel cell vehicle, or

(c) propane for any use;

"gasoline" means fuel that is not methanol based fuel, alternative motor fuel, aviation fuel, coloured fuel, jet fuel, propane, locomotive fuel, marine bunker fuel, natural gas, marine diesel fuel or motive fuel;

"heating oil" means a light fuel oil marketed or sold for use in a furnace, boiler or open flame burner;

"highway" means a highway as defined in the Motor Vehicle Act;

"highway project area" means

(a) an area under construction as a highway, or

(b) a highway under reconstruction or repair

by any government;

"hydrogenated-derived renewable diesel fuel" means a fuel that is

(a) made from plant or animal matter using a hydrogenation process, and

(b) suitable for use in a diesel engine as defined in section 1 (1) of Schedule 1 of the Carbon Tax Act;

"IFTA commercial vehicle" has the prescribed meaning;

"industrial machine" means

(a) a forklift, front end loader or lumber carrier, or

(b) a motor vehicle or class of motor vehicle that, by regulation, is designated as an industrial machine;

"internal combustion engine" includes a turbine engine that generates power by the use of fuel;

"International Fuel Tax Agreement" means the agreement entered into by the minister under section 17;

"jet fuel" means fuel that is

(a) produced specifically for use in an aircraft that is propelled by a turbine, and

(b) used in an aircraft as fuel for the turbine that propels the aircraft;

"licensed carrier" means a person who holds a carrier licence;

"light fuel oil" has the same meaning as in section 1 (1) of Schedule 1 of the Carbon Tax Act;

"litre" means,

(a) with respect to fuel in liquid form, one cubic decimetre, or

(b) despite paragraph (a), with respect to propane sold by weight, 0.5 kg;

"locomotive fuel" means fuel, other than propane, for use in an internal combustion engine in any rolling stock or other vehicle when run on rails;

"manufacture" includes the production, refining or compounding of fuel;

"marine bunker fuel" means

(a) bunker oil, or

(b) a combination of fuels including bunker oil

that is used in a ship as fuel for an internal combustion engine, but does not include marine diesel fuel;

"marine diesel fuel" means

(a) diesel fuel, or

(b) a combination of fuels including diesel fuel

that is used in a ship as fuel for an internal combustion engine, and has a viscosity of

(c) lower than 10 centistokes when measured at a temperature of 50°C, or

(d) 10 centistokes or higher when measured at a temperature of 50°C, but is sold as diesel fuel;

"methanol based fuel" means fuel of which at least 85% is methanol;

"mineral" means ore of metal and every natural substance that can be mined and that

(a) occurs in fragments or particles lying on, above or adjacent to the bedrock source from which it is derived, and is commonly described as talus,

(b) is in the place or position in which it was originally formed or deposited, or

(c) is loose, fragmentary or broken rock or float that, by decomposition or erosion of rock, is found in wash, loose earth, gravel or sand,

but does not include petroleum, natural gas, building and construction stone, marble, shale, clay, sand, gravel, volcanic ash, earth, soil, marl or peat;

"month" means a calendar month;

"motive fuel" means

(a) diesel fuel, or

(b) a combination of fuels including diesel fuel,

for use in propelling a motor vehicle, but does not include alternative motor fuel, locomotive fuel or coloured fuel;

"motive fuel user permit" means a permit issued under the regulations authorizing a person to use, to propel an IFTA commercial vehicle, motive fuel that was not taxed under this Act at the time of purchase;

"motor vehicle" means a vehicle that is designed to be self propelled on land;

"natural gas" includes compressed natural gas;

"non-motor fuel oil" means a light fuel oil marketed or sold for a use other than

(a) for generating power by means of an internal combustion engine, or

(b) for use in a furnace, boiler or open flame burner;

"person" includes the government of Canada;

"person with disabilities" means a person who

(a) is permanently dependent on a wheelchair,

(b) is in receipt of a 100% disability pension through active service in any war while a member of Her Majesty's forces,

(c) receives, or would receive but for having reached 65 years of age, disability assistance or a supplement under the Employment and Assistance for Persons with Disabilities Act,

(d) has suffered loss of a limb,

(e) has been certified by a medical practitioner or nurse practitioner as suffering from a permanent impairment of locomotion to the extent that it would be hazardous for the person to use public transportation,

(f) has been certified by a medical practitioner or nurse practitioner as suffering from a permanent sight impairment to the extent that the person would not be eligible to hold a driver's licence under the Motor Vehicle Act,

(f.1) has been certified by a medical practitioner or nurse practitioner as suffering from a permanent mental disability to the extent that it would be hazardous for the person to use public transportation,

(g) has suffered the complete and permanent functional loss of the lower limbs, or

(h) before March 12, 1980 qualified under an enactment to receive a rebate of fuel tax as a handicapped person;

"propane" includes liquefied petroleum gas that contains propane;

"purchase price" means the price in money and the actual value of any other consideration accepted by the seller or person from whom fuel passes as the price or on account of the price of the fuel together with the costs of and charges for delivery of the fuel, interest, customs, excise and transportation, whether or not shown separately on the invoice or in any books of account or in the computation of the price;

"purchaser" means a person who, within British Columbia, buys or receives delivery of fuel

(a) for the person's own use or for use by another person at the first person's expense, or

(b) on behalf of or as an agent for a principal for use by the principal or by other persons at the expense of the principal;

"refiner collector" means a person who is appointed as a refiner collector under section 28 (2.1);

"registered consumer" means a person who holds a registered consumer certificate;

"registered consumer certificate" means a registered consumer certificate issued under section 37;

"renewable diesel fuel" means

(a) biodiesel fuel, or

(b) hydrogenated-derived renewable diesel fuel;

"retail dealer", subject to section 1.1, means a person who, within British Columbia, sells fuel to a purchaser;

"road building machine" means a road building machine as defined in the Commercial Transport Act;

"security" includes all penalties and interest that are or may be added to security under this Act;

"sell" includes to transfer ownership by barter or exchange;

"ship" includes any vessel that is designed to be self propelled in or on water;

"South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority" means the authority continued under section 2 (1) of the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Act;

"South Coast British Columbia transportation service region" has the same meaning as "transportation service region" in the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Act;

"standard reference conditions" means, in the case of

(a) a gas, a temperature of 15°C and an atmospheric pressure of 101.325 kPa, and

(b) a liquid, a temperature of 15°C;

"tax", in relation to tax under this Act, includes all penalties and interest that are or may be added to that tax, and, except in section 43, includes

(a) an amount a person must pay to the government under section 49.1 (2), and

(b) an amount for which a person is personally liable to the government under section 57.2 (4);

"tractor" means a motor vehicle designed for use primarily as a power unit for drawing vehicles, machinery or equipment, and includes farm tractors and industrial tractors, but does not include

(a) a motor vehicle designed to carry goods or materials the weight of which rests entirely on the frame of the motor vehicle, or

(b) a truck tractor that is designed for use on public highways, or has been modified for that use, and that is eligible for licensing as a truck tractor under the Commercial Transport Act;

"vendor", subject to section 1.1, means a person who, within British Columbia, sells fuel for the first time after its manufacture in, or its importation into, British Columbia;

"wholesale dealer", subject to section 1.1, means a person who, within British Columbia, buys fuel for resale to a person other than a purchaser.

Fuel imported by ship

1.1  (1) In this section:

"imported fuel" means fuel, other than hydrogen and natural gas, that, as part or all of a single shipment, has entered British Columbia from outside of Canada in compliance with the Customs Act (Canada) and the regulations under that Act;

"release" has the same meaning as in the Customs Act (Canada);

"shipment" means fuel that is cargo

(a) in a single ship on a single trip,

(b) on a single barge towed or pushed by one or more ships on a single trip, or

(c) on 2 or more physically connected barges towed or pushed by one or more ships on a single trip, if all the fuel on the barges is owned by the same person.

(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4) and the regulations, all of the following apply to a sale of imported fuel that occurs either before the imported fuel is released or after the imported fuel is released but before or at the time the imported fuel is removed from the ship or barge on which it entered British Columbia:

(a) the seller is not a retail dealer, even if the imported fuel is sold to a purchaser;

(b) the seller is not a vendor;

(c) the buyer is not a wholesale dealer, even if the buyer buys the imported fuel for resale to a person other than a purchaser.

(3) Subsection (2) (a) to (c) does not apply to a sale of imported fuel

(a) from a single shipment if

(i) the imported fuel is a prescribed type of fuel or a prescribed subcategory of a type of fuel or is in a prescribed class of fuel, and

(ii) the amount of the imported fuel sold in that sale from that shipment is less than the amount prescribed for that prescribed type of fuel, prescribed subcategory of a type of fuel or prescribed class of fuel, or

(b) in prescribed circumstances.

(4) If

(a) imported fuel is sold either before the imported fuel is released or after the imported fuel is released but before or at the time the imported fuel is removed from the ship or barge on which it entered British Columbia, and

(b) subsection (2) (a) to (c) does not, under subsection (3) or the regulations, apply to the sale,

subsection (2) does not apply to any subsequent sale of that fuel.

(5) A person who, within British Columbia, sells imported fuel for the first time in a sale to which subsection (2) (a) to (c) does not apply is the vendor of that fuel.

Liability of other persons

1.2  (1) If more than one person is subject to tax under the same provision of this Act in respect of the same fuel, each person is jointly and severally liable for the tax.

(2) If more than one person is required under the same provision of this Act to pay security to the government in respect of the same fuel, each person is jointly and severally liable to pay the security.

Application of Act

2  (1) The following are exempt from tax under this Act:

(a) [Repealed RS1996-317-2 (3).]

(b) fuel that is brought into British Columbia in the supply tank or in a supplemental supply tank of an aircraft or ship, if the fuel in the supply tank or supplemental supply tank is to be used in the operation of the aircraft or ship;

(c) up to and including 182 litres of fuel that is brought into British Columbia in the supply tank or a supplemental supply tank of a motor vehicle, other than an IFTA commercial vehicle or a locomotive, if the fuel in the supply tank or supplemental supply tank is to be used in the operation of the motor vehicle.

(2) [Repealed 2008-40-99.]

(3) [Spent. RS1996-317-2 (3).]

Repealed

3  [Repealed RS1996-317-3 (2).]

Tax on methanol based fuel and compressed natural gas

3.1  (1) Methanol based fuel and compressed natural gas are deemed to be liable to be taxed under this Act.

(2) [Repealed 2000-22-34.]

Repealed

3.11  [Repealed 2013-1-83.]

Part 2 — Imposition and Amount of Tax

Tax on gasoline

4  (1) Subject to subsection (1.11), a purchaser of gasoline within an area

(a) outside the South Coast British Columbia transportation service region must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax on the gasoline at the rate of 7.75¢ per litre,

(b) inside the South Coast British Columbia transportation service region must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax on the gasoline at the rate of 13.75¢ per litre less the applicable rate of tax payable at the time of purchase under paragraph (c),

(c) inside the South Coast British Columbia transportation service region must pay to the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority, at the time of purchase, tax on the gasoline at the following rates:

(i) effective April 1, 1999, 8¢ per litre;

(ii) effective April 1, 2001, 9¢ per litre;

(ii.1) effective April 1, 2002, 11¢ per litre;

(iii) effective April 1, 2003, 11.5¢ per litre;

(iv) effective April 1, 2005, 12¢ per litre, and

(d) inside the South Coast British Columbia transportation service region, must, in addition to the tax payable under paragraph (c), pay to the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority, at the time of purchase,

(i) tax on the gasoline at the rate, not exceeding 3¢ per litre, set under section 27.1 of the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Act, and

(ii) tax on the gasoline at the rate, not exceeding 2¢ per litre, set under section 27.11 of the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Act.

(1.1) If a purchaser takes delivery of gasoline within an area

(a) outside the South Coast British Columbia transportation service region, that purchaser is deemed to be a purchaser liable to pay tax under subsection (1) (a), and

(b) inside the South Coast British Columbia transportation service region, that purchaser is deemed to be a purchaser liable to pay tax under subsection (1) (b), (c) and (d).

(1.11) A purchaser of gasoline in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the gasoline is purchased, the tax under subsection (1) of this section.

(1.2) Subject to subsection (1.3), in addition to the tax payable under subsection (1), a licensed carrier who purchases gasoline in British Columbia must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax on the gasoline at a rate that is equal to the rate per litre, applicable for the period in which the gasoline is purchased, set out opposite the item "Gasoline" in column 2 of the Table in Schedule 1 of the Carbon Tax Act.

(1.3) A licensed carrier who purchases gasoline in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies must pay to the government, on or before the last day of the month following the end of the calendar quarter in which the gasoline is purchased, the tax under subsection (1.2) of this section.

(2) A licensed carrier who uses in British Columbia gasoline on which tax is not otherwise payable under subsection (1) must pay to the government, on or before the last day of the month following the end of the calendar quarter in which the fuel was used, tax on that fuel at the rate established under subsection (1) (a).

(2.1) A licensed carrier who uses in British Columbia gasoline on which tax is not otherwise payable under subsection (1.2) must pay to the government, on or before the last day of the month following the end of the calendar quarter in which the gasoline was used, tax on that gasoline at the rate established under that subsection.

(3) A person who uses in British Columbia gasoline on which tax is not otherwise payable under this section must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the gasoline is used, tax on the gasoline at the rate set by subsection (1) (a).

Tax on coloured fuel

5  (1) Subject to section 5.1 and subsection (1.1) of this section, a purchaser of coloured fuel must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax on the fuel at the rate of 3¢ per litre.

(1.1) A purchaser of coloured fuel in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is purchased, the tax under subsection (1) of this section.

(2) A person who uses coloured fuel for a purpose authorized by section 15 and on which tax is not otherwise payable under this section or section 5.1 must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is used, tax on that fuel at the rate set by subsection (1).

(2.1) Subsection (2) does not apply in respect of coloured fuel on which tax is payable under section 6 (3).

(3) A person who qualifies as a farmer may, if authorized by the regulations to do so, claim an exemption from tax imposed under this section, or a refund of tax paid under this section.

Tax on coloured fuel if declaration not obtained

5.1  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a purchaser who

(a) purchases coloured fuel from a retail dealer through a cardlock system, or

(b) purchases more than 45 litres of coloured fuel from a retail dealer

must pay, at the time of purchase, the amount of tax that would be payable on the fuel if that fuel were not coloured fuel, unless the retail dealer obtains from the purchaser, at or before the time of sale, a declaration that the coloured fuel will be used for a purpose authorized under section 15.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply if

(a) the purchaser is a farmer,

(b) the coloured fuel is marine diesel fuel or locomotive fuel, or

(c) the coloured fuel

(i) is transferred by the retail dealer to the supply tank or supplemental supply tank of a ship that is in or on water at the time of transfer, and

(ii) is to be used in the operation of the ship.

(3) The declaration referred to in subsection (1) must be in a form acceptable to the director.

Tax on marine diesel fuel and locomotive fuel

6  (1) Subject to subsection (1.1), a purchaser of marine diesel fuel or locomotive fuel must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax on the fuel at the rate of 3¢ per litre.

(1.1) A purchaser of marine diesel fuel or locomotive fuel in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is purchased, the tax under subsection (1) of this section.

(2) A person who uses marine diesel fuel or locomotive fuel on which tax is not otherwise payable under this section must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is used, tax on that fuel at the rate set by subsection (1).

(3) A person who is not a purchaser but who, within British Columbia, transfers marine diesel fuel or locomotive fuel,

(a) for the person's own use or for use by another person at the first person's expense, or

(b) on behalf of or as agent for a principal for use by the principal or by another person at the principal's expense,

into the receptacle that supplies the turbine or other engine of a ship or of any rolling stock or other vehicle run on rails must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is transferred, tax on the fuel at the rate set by subsection (1).

(4) A person who uses locomotive fuel other than in any rolling stock or other vehicle when run on rails must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is used, tax equal to the difference between

(a) the tax that the person would have paid on that fuel if the fuel had not been taxed as locomotive fuel, and

(b) the tax paid by the person on that fuel.

(5) The tax payable under subsection (4) is in addition to any tax payable under the other provisions of this section.

Tax on jet fuel

7  (1) Subject to subsection (1.1), a purchaser of jet fuel must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax on the fuel at the rate of 2¢ per litre.

(1.1) A purchaser of jet fuel in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is purchased, the tax under subsection (1) of this section.

(2) A person who uses jet fuel on which tax is not otherwise payable under this section must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is used, tax on that fuel at the rate set by subsection (1).

(3) A person who is not a purchaser but who, within British Columbia, transfers jet fuel,

(a) for the person's own use or for use by another person at the first person's expense, or

(b) on behalf of or as agent for a principal for use by the principal or by another person at the principal's expense,

into the receptacle that supplies the turbine of an aircraft must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is transferred, tax on the fuel at the rate set by subsection (1).

Tax on aviation fuel

8  (1) Subject to subsection (1.1), a purchaser of aviation fuel must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax on the fuel at the rate of 2¢ per litre.

(1.1) A purchaser of aviation fuel in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is purchased, the tax under subsection (1) of this section.

(2) A person who uses aviation fuel on which tax is not otherwise payable under this section must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is used, tax on that fuel at the rate set by subsection (1).

(3) A person who is not a purchaser but who, within British Columbia, transfers aviation fuel,

(a) for the person's own use or for use by another person at the first person's expense, or

(b) on behalf of or as agent for a principal for use by the principal or by another person at the principal's expense,

into the receptacle that supplies the engine of an aircraft must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is transferred, tax on the fuel at the rate set by subsection (1).

Tax on natural gas

9  (1) In this section, "marketable gas" means gas that is available for sale for direct consumption as a domestic, commercial or industrial fuel or as an industrial raw material, or is delivered to a storage facility, whether it occurs naturally or results from processing natural gas.

(2) Subject to subsection (4), a person who uses in a stationary internal combustion engine natural gas on which tax is not payable under Division 2, 4 or 5 of Part 3 of the Provincial Sales Tax Act must pay to the government, at the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner, tax on the natural gas at the applicable rate set out in subsection (3), (5) or (6) of this section.

(3) The rate of tax payable under subsection (2) on natural gas that is used in a stationary internal combustion engine that compresses natural gas is as follows:

(a) if the compressor is located outside a gas processing plant and is used to move marketable gas from the gas processing plant to market or in or out of storage facilities, the rate of tax is 1.9¢ per each 810.32 litres, at standard reference conditions, of natural gas used;

(b) if the compressor is located within a gas processing plant and is used to compress marketable gas, the rate of tax is 1.1¢ per each 810.32 litres, at standard reference conditions, of natural gas used.

(4) Natural gas that is used in a stationary internal combustion engine that compresses natural gas is exempt from tax if the compressor

(a) is used to compress gas that is not marketable gas and is located

(i) at a well head,

(ii) along a pipeline between a well head and a gas processing plant, or

(iii) within a gas processing plant,

(b) is used to transmit waste gas, composed primarily of hydrogen sulphide and carbon dioxide, within a gas processing plant or from a gas processing plant to a well, or

(c) is located at a well head and is used to inject waste gas into a depleted well for permanent disposal.

(5) The rate of tax payable under subsection (2) on natural gas that is used in a stationary internal combustion engine that pumps oil is as follows:

(a) if the pump is located at a well head or within an oil processing plant, the rate of tax is 1.1¢ per each 810.32 litres, at standard reference conditions, of natural gas used;

(b) if the pump is located along a pipeline that moves the oil from a well head to an oil processing plant, from an oil processing plant to market, or in or out of storage facilities, the rate of tax is 1.9¢ per each 810.32 litres, at standard reference conditions, of natural gas used.

(6) The rate of tax payable under subsection (2) in respect of natural gas that is used in a stationary internal combustion engine other than as described in subsections (3), (4) and (5) is 1.1¢ per each 810.32 litres, at standard reference conditions, of natural gas used.

Tax paid under Provincial Sales Tax Act on natural gas used in stationary internal combustion engine

9.1  (1) In this section, "sales tax" means tax under Division 2, 4 or 5 of Part 3 of the Provincial Sales Tax Act.

(2) If the director is satisfied that

(a) a person paid sales tax on natural gas and has not obtained or is not entitled to obtain a refund of that sales tax under the Provincial Sales Tax Act,

(b) the person used the natural gas in a stationary internal combustion engine, and

(c) the amount of sales tax paid by the person exceeds the amount of tax that would have been payable on the natural gas under section 9 of this Act if tax had been payable on that natural gas under that section,

the director must refund to the person, from the consolidated revenue fund, an amount equal to the difference between the amount of sales tax paid by the person and the amount of tax that would have been payable on the natural gas under section 9 of this Act if tax had been payable on that natural gas under that section.

(3) If

(a) a person paid sales tax on natural gas,

(b) the person used the natural gas in a stationary internal combustion engine, and

(c) the amount of sales tax paid by the person is less than the amount of tax that would have been payable on the natural gas under section 9 of this Act if tax had been payable on that natural gas under that section,

the person must pay to the government, at the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner, tax under this Act in an amount equal to the amount by which the amount of tax that would have been payable under section 9 of this Act exceeds the amount of sales tax paid by the person.

Tax on motive fuel

10  (1) Subject to subsection (1.11), a purchaser of motive fuel within an area

(a) outside the South Coast British Columbia transportation service region must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax on the fuel at the rate of 8.25¢ per litre,

(b) inside the South Coast British Columbia transportation service region must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax on the fuel at the rate of 14.25¢ per litre less the applicable rate of tax payable at the time of purchase under paragraph (c),

(c) inside the South Coast British Columbia transportation service region must pay to the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority, at the time of purchase, tax on the fuel at the following rates:

(i) effective April 1, 1999, 8¢ per litre;

(ii) effective April 1, 2001, 9¢ per litre;

(ii.1) effective April 1, 2002, 11¢ per litre;

(iii) effective April 1, 2003, 11.5¢ per litre;

(iv) effective April 1, 2005, 12¢ per litre, and

(d) inside the South Coast British Columbia transportation service region, must, in addition to the tax payable under paragraph (c), pay to the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority, at the time of purchase,

(i) tax on the fuel at the rate, not exceeding 3¢ per litre, set under section 27.1 of the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Act, and

(ii) tax on the fuel at the rate, not exceeding 2¢ per litre, set under section 27.11 of the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Act.

(1.1) If a purchaser takes delivery of motive fuel within an area

(a) outside the South Coast British Columbia transportation service region, that purchaser is deemed to be a purchaser liable to pay tax under subsection (1) (a), and

(b) inside the South Coast British Columbia transportation service region, that purchaser is deemed to be a purchaser liable to pay tax under subsection (1) (b), (c) and (d).

(1.11) A purchaser of motive fuel in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is purchased, the tax under subsection (1) of this section.

(1.2) Subject to subsection (1.3), in addition to the tax imposed under subsection (1), a licensed carrier who purchases motive fuel must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax on the motive fuel at a rate that is equal to the rate per litre, applicable for the period in which the motive fuel is purchased, set out opposite the item "Light Fuel Oil" in column 2 of the Table in Schedule 1 of the Carbon Tax Act.

(1.3) A licensed carrier who purchases motive fuel in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies must pay to the government, on or before the last day of the month following the end of the calendar quarter in which the fuel is purchased, the tax under subsection (1.2) of this section.

(2) A licensed carrier who uses in British Columbia motive fuel on which tax is not otherwise payable under subsection (1) must pay to the government, on or before the last day of the month following the end of the calendar quarter in which the fuel was used, tax on that fuel at the rate established under subsection (1) (a).

(2.1) A licensed carrier who uses in British Columbia motive fuel on which tax is not otherwise payable under subsection (1.2) must pay to the government, on or before the last day of the month following the end of the calendar quarter in which the motive fuel was used, tax on the motive fuel at the rate established under that subsection.

(3) A person who uses in British Columbia motive fuel on which tax is not otherwise payable under this section must pay to the government, on or before the 20th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is used, tax on that fuel at the rate established by subsection (1) (a).

Tax on alternative motor fuel

10.1  (1) Subject to subsection (1.1), a purchaser of an alternative motor fuel must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax on the fuel at the rate set out in the regulations.

(1.1) A purchaser of an alternative motor fuel in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is purchased, the tax under subsection (1) of this section.

(2) A licensed carrier who uses in British Columbia alternative motor fuel on which tax is not otherwise payable under subsection (1) must pay to the government, on or before the last day of the month following the end of the calendar quarter in which the fuel was used, tax on that fuel at the rate established under the regulations.

(3) A person who uses in British Columbia alternative motor fuel on which tax is not otherwise payable under this section must pay to the government, on or before the 20th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is used, tax on that fuel at the rate established under the regulations.

(4) A rate established under the regulations for the purposes of this section must not exceed the rate set out in section 4 (1) (a).

Repealed

10.2  [Repealed 2013-1-88.]

Tax on propane

10.3  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a purchaser of propane must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax on the propane at the rate of 2.7¢ per litre.

(2) A purchaser of propane in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the propane is purchased, the tax under subsection (1) of this section.

(3) A person who uses propane on which tax is not otherwise payable under this section must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the propane is used, tax on that propane at the rate set by subsection (1).

Marine bunker fuel exemption

11  Marine bunker fuel is exempt from tax payable under this Act.

South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority tax arrangements

12  (1) The taxes imposed under sections 4 (1) (c) and (d) and 10 (1) (c) and (d) that are remitted to the minister as required under this Act

(a) are received by the minister as agent of the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority, and

(b) subject to subsections (2) (b) and (3) of this section, must be remitted by the minister to the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority.

(2) The director may

(a) charge the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority a fee to recover the additional costs to the government of collecting and remitting the tax imposed under sections 4 (1) (c) and (d) and 10 (1) (c) and (d), and

(b) deduct the fee referred to in paragraph (a) of this subsection from the amount of tax received on behalf of the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority.

(3) The director may deduct from the amount of tax received by the minister on behalf of the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority any amounts that the director or minister is required, under this Act or any other enactment or as a result of a judgment of a court, to refund to collectors, wholesale dealers, retail dealers or purchasers.

(4) Despite the Financial Administration Act, any taxes received by the minister under subsection (1) of this section must be paid into the consolidated revenue fund.

(5) Without an appropriation other than this subsection, the amount that the minister must remit to the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority under subsection (1) (b) must be paid out of the consolidated revenue fund.

(6) Section 27 (1) (a) of the Financial Administration Act does not apply to the appropriation under subsection (5) of this section.

(7) The minister on behalf of the government may enter into a tax collection agreement with the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority with respect to the tax described in subsection (1) and the fee described in subsection (2).

Victoria regional transit service area tax arrangements

12.1  (1) In this section, "Victoria regional transit service area" means the area established as the Victoria regional transit service area under section 25 of the British Columbia Transit Act.

(2) Subject to a regulation made under subsection (3) of this section, in addition to the tax payable under sections 4 and 10, a purchaser of gasoline or motive fuel that is delivered to that purchaser within the Victoria regional transit service area must pay to the government, at the time of purchase, for the raising of revenue for the purposes of the British Columbia Transit Act, a tax at the rate of 3.5¢ per litre on each litre of gasoline or motive fuel purchased by the purchaser.

(2.1) Despite the time for payment provided for in subsection (2), a purchaser of gasoline or motive fuel in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the gasoline or motive fuel is purchased, the tax under subsection (2) of this section.

(3) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may, by regulation,

(a) specify that the tax under subsection (2) does not apply to gasoline, or to motive fuel, in which event, the tax must not be collected on that fuel,

(b) suspend the operation of subsection (2) insofar as it relates to any part of the Victoria regional transit service area, in which event, while that suspension is in force, no tax is payable under subsection (2) by a purchaser of gasoline or motive fuel that is delivered to that purchaser within that part of the Victoria regional transit service area, and

(c) if a suspension has been prescribed under paragraph (b) of this subsection, prescribe that the suspension be terminated and that all or part of subsection (2) again comes into force in that part of the Victoria regional transit service area as of a prescribed date.

(4) The minister must pay out of the consolidated revenue fund, without an appropriation other than this subsection, to the regional transit commission for the Victoria regional transit service area amounts equivalent to the net revenue collected under subsection (2) or (2.1).

Additional tax for transportation infrastructure construction

13  (1) In addition to the tax payable under sections 4, 10 and 12.1, a purchaser of gasoline or motive fuel within a prescribed area referred to in section 34 of the Transportation Act must, for the raising of revenue for the purposes of the BC Transportation Financing Authority continued under that Act, pay to the government, at the time of purchase, tax, prescribed under section 34 (2) (b) of that Act and not exceeding 6.75¢ per litre, on the gasoline or motive fuel.

(2) Despite the time for payment provided for in subsection (1), a purchaser of gasoline or motive fuel in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the gasoline or motive fuel is purchased, the tax under subsection (1) of this section.

(3) In addition to the tax payable under sections 4, 10 and 12.1, a person who, within a prescribed area referred to in section 34 of the Transportation Act, uses gasoline or motive fuel on which tax is not otherwise payable under this section must, for the raising of revenue for the purposes of the BC Transportation Financing Authority continued under that Act, pay to the government, at the time that any tax payable by that person under section 4 (3) or 10 (3) of this Act is payable, tax, prescribed under section 34 (2) (b) of the Transportation Act and not exceeding 6.75¢ per litre, on the gasoline or motive fuel.

Repealed

13.1  [Repealed 2003-3-25.]

Tax if fuel used for new purpose

13.2  (1) If

(a) a purchaser purchased fuel for a particular purpose,

(b) the purchaser subsequently uses that fuel or allows that fuel to be used for another purpose, and

(c) the amount of tax paid on that fuel under this Act was less than the amount of tax that would have been payable under this Act if that fuel had been purchased for the purpose for which it was used,

the purchaser must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which that fuel is used, tax equal to the difference between

(d) the tax that the purchaser would have paid on that fuel if that fuel had been purchased for the purpose for which it was used, and

(e) the tax paid by the purchaser on that fuel.

(2) The tax payable under subsection (1) is in addition to any other tax payable under this Act.

Part 3 — Coloured Fuel and Motive Fuel

Definitions

13.3  In this Part:

"authorization" means an authorization provided under section 14 (1) or 14.1 (1);

"authorized person" means a person who holds an authorization.

Authority to colour fuel

14  (1) The director may, in writing, authorize a person to colour fuel subject to the terms and conditions the director considers appropriate.

(2) An authorized person must not delegate or transfer the authorized person's authority to colour fuel.

(3) A person must not colour fuel unless authorized to do so by an authorization.

(3.1) A person authorized to colour fuel must use the prescribed dye, the prescribed dyeing procedures and the prescribed equipment to colour the fuel.

(4) The director may suspend, for the period prescribed by the regulations, or cancel an authorization if the director is satisfied that the authorized person has neglected or refused to comply with

(a) a provision of this Act or the regulations,

(b) a term or condition imposed with respect to an authorization under subsection (1) or section 14.1,

(b.1) a term or condition relating to heating oil or non-motor fuel oil under section 16.2 (2) or 16.3 (2) or (3), or

(c) a term or condition imposed under subsection (9).

(5) A suspension or cancellation under subsection (4) does not relieve an authorized person from any obligation under this Act.

(6) Before cancelling an authorization, the director must give the authorized person notice of the grounds for the proposed cancellation and an opportunity to show why the authorization should not be cancelled, but the director may suspend an authorization under subsection (4) without advance notice to the authorized person.

(7) Suspension or cancellation of an authorization takes effect when the notice of the suspension or cancellation is delivered to the authorized person.

(8) For the purposes of subsection (7), a notice of a suspension or cancellation is delivered to an authorized person when the notice

(a) is served on the authorized person in a manner provided in Rule 4-3 (2) of the Supreme Court Civil Rules, or

(b) is left at the authorized person's place of business with an adult who appears to be employed by the authorized person.

(9) The director may lift the suspension of an authorization after imposing on the authorized person the additional terms and conditions, if any, that the director considers appropriate.

Authority to sell coloured fuel

14.1  (1) The director may, in writing, authorize a person to sell coloured fuel subject to the terms and conditions the director considers appropriate.

(2) An authorized person must not delegate or transfer the authorized person's authority to sell coloured fuel.

(3) A person must not sell coloured fuel unless the person has an authorization to sell coloured fuel.

(4) Section 14 (4) to (9) applies to an authorization under this section.

Repealed

14.2  [Repealed 2013-1-94.]

Prohibition against unauthorized purchase or use of coloured fuel

15  (1) A person must not purchase or use coloured fuel except for the purpose of operating one or more of the following:

(a) a ship;

(a.1) a locomotive;

(b) a tractor when used on other than a highway;

(c) an industrial machine when used on other than a highway;

(d) a prescribed type of motor vehicle when used by the logging industry other than on a highway;

(e) a prescribed type of motor vehicle when used by the mining industry other than on a highway in respect of a mineral mining operation;

(f) a stationary engine or portable engine;

(g) a road building machine within a highway project area or used by or for the government in construction or repair of roads maintained by the government;

(h) a commercial motor vehicle, other than a pick-up truck, when used on other than a highway for the transportation of

(i) drilling rigs, drilling equipment and supplies,

(ii) fuel, water, well-servicing equipment and supplies, and

(iii) geophysical and seismic equipment and supplies,

for persons actively engaged in exploring or drilling for petroleum and natural gas;

(i) a tractor when used on a highway by or on behalf of a farmer for the purposes of the farmer's farm;

(i.1) [Repealed 2006-2-16.]

(j) a farm truck being used by a farmer or other person in the operation of the farm;

(k) a tractor, a motor vehicle referred to in paragraph (m), an industrial machine or a road building machine, when proceeding to or returning from a location where the use of coloured fuel in the vehicle is otherwise authorized under paragraph (b), (c), (g) or (m);

(l) a vehicle that is ordinarily used for a purpose authorized under paragraph (d) or (e) and in respect of which a temporary operating permit has been issued under the Commercial Transport Act;

(m) a motor vehicle that is not licensed to operate on a highway.

(2) Despite subsection (1), a person must not carry coloured fuel in a supply tank connected to the engine of a motor vehicle if another supply tank connected to the engine of the motor vehicle contains fuel that is not coloured.

(3) A person who uses coloured fuel for a purpose not authorized by subsection (1) must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fuel is used, tax equal to the difference between

(a) the tax that the person would have paid on that fuel if the fuel had not been taxed as coloured fuel, and

(b) the tax paid by the person on that fuel.

(4) The tax payable under subsection (3) is in addition to any tax payable under section 5.

Repealed

15.1  [Repealed 2006-2-17.]

Permit or licence required to bring fuel into British Columbia

16  (1) A carrier who brings motive fuel into British Columbia in the supply tank of an IFTA commercial vehicle must

(a) have in the carrier's possession a carrier licence and display carrier decals on the IFTA commercial vehicle,

(b) have in the carrier's possession a motive fuel user permit, or

(c) immediately obtain a motive fuel user permit.

(2) A licensed carrier who brings gasoline into British Columbia in the supply tank of an IFTA commercial vehicle must have in the carrier's possession a carrier licence and display carrier decals on the IFTA commercial vehicle.

(3) Subject to the terms and conditions the Lieutenant Governor in Council specifies in the regulations, subsections (1) and (2) do not apply

(a) to a carrier who is a member of a prescribed class of carriers, or

(b) in respect of a vehicle that is part of a prescribed class of vehicles.

Part 3.1 — Heating Oil and Non-Motor Fuel Oil

Definitions

16.1  In this Part, "colour", in respect of heating oil or non-motor fuel oil, means colour the heating oil or non-motor fuel oil in accordance with subsections (3) and (3.1) of section 14, as those provisions apply under section 16.2 (3), and the regulations.

Authority to colour heating oil and non-motor fuel oil

16.2  (1) A person who is authorized to colour fuel under section 14 is authorized to colour heating oil and non-motor fuel oil.

(2) A reference to fuel in any term or condition of an authorization under section 14 (1) is deemed to include, so far as is applicable, a reference to heating oil and non-motor fuel oil.

(3) Section 14 (2), (3) and (3.1) applies in relation to the colouring of heating oil or non-motor fuel oil as if the heating oil or non-motor fuel oil were a fuel.

Authority to sell coloured heating oil and coloured non-motor fuel oil

16.3  (1) A person who is authorized to sell coloured fuel under section 14.1 is authorized to sell coloured heating oil and coloured non-motor fuel oil.

(2) A reference to coloured fuel in any term or condition of an authorization under section 14.1 (1) is deemed to include, so far as is applicable, a reference to coloured heating oil and coloured non-motor fuel oil.

(3) If a person is not authorized to sell coloured fuel under section 14.1, the director may, in writing, authorize the person to sell coloured heating oil or coloured non-motor fuel oil subject to the terms and conditions the director considers appropriate.

(4) A person who is authorized to sell coloured heating oil or coloured non-motor fuel oil under subsection (1) or (3) must not delegate or transfer the person's authority to sell coloured heating oil or coloured non-motor fuel oil.

(5) A person must not sell coloured heating oil or coloured non-motor fuel oil unless the person is authorized to sell coloured heating oil or coloured non-motor fuel oil under subsection (1) or (3).

(6) Section 14 (4) to (9) applies to an authorization under subsection (3) of this section.

Heating oil must be coloured

16.4  (1) A person must not sell or offer to sell heating oil if the heating oil is not coloured before it is sold or offered for sale, as the case may be.

(2) A person must not buy heating oil if the heating oil is not coloured before it is bought.

Prohibitions against relabelling — heating oil and non-motor fuel oil

16.5  (1) If a person has bought a substance as heating oil, the person must not sell or offer to sell the substance as a fuel or as non-motor fuel oil.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), if a person has bought a substance as non-motor fuel oil, the person must not sell or offer to sell the substance

(a) as a fuel, or

(b) if the substance was not coloured before the substance was bought, as heating oil.

(3) If

(a) a person has bought a substance as non-motor fuel oil,

(b) the substance was not coloured before the substance was bought, and

(c) the person is authorized to colour non-motor fuel oil under section 16.2 (1),

the person may sell or offer to sell the substance as heating oil if the person colours the substance before the substance is sold or offered for sale, as the case may be.

Declaration must be obtained on sale of non-motor fuel oil

16.6  If non-motor fuel oil is sold within British Columbia to a person

(a) for the person's own use or for use by another person at the first person's expense, or

(b) on behalf of or as agent for a principal for use by the principal or by other persons at the expense of the principal,

the seller, at or before the time of the sale, must obtain from the buyer a declaration in a form acceptable to the director.

Unauthorized uses of heating oil and non-motor fuel oil

16.7  (1) This section applies to a person in relation to a substance if the person

(a) manufactured the substance as heating oil or non-motor fuel oil in British Columbia,

(b) bought the substance as heating oil or non-motor fuel oil in British Columbia, or

(c) brought or sent the substance as heating oil or non-motor fuel oil into British Columbia, or received delivery of the substance as heating oil or non-motor fuel oil in British Columbia.

(2) A person to whom this section applies must not use or allow another person to use the substance to generate power by means of an internal combustion engine.

(3) If the substance is non-motor fuel oil, a person to whom this section applies must not use or allow another person to use the substance in a furnace, boiler or open flame burner.

(4) If the substance is heating oil, a person to whom this section applies must not use or allow another person to use the substance in a furnace, boiler or open flame burner unless the substance is coloured before it is used.

(5) A person who uses or allows another person to use a substance contrary to subsection (2), (3) or (4) must pay to the government, on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the substance is used, tax at the rate of 15¢ per litre.

Application of provisions to heating oil or non-motor fuel oil liable to be taxed

16.8  Except as provided by regulation, Parts 5 to 12, other than section 37, and the regulations apply to heating oil or non-motor fuel oil that is liable to be taxed under section 16.7 (5) as if the heating oil or non-motor fuel oil were a fuel and the type of that fuel were motive fuel.

Part 4 — International Fuel Tax Agreement

Minister may enter into agreement

17  The minister may, on behalf of the government, enter into an agreement with one or more governments of other jurisdictions, whether inside or outside of Canada, respecting the interjurisdictional administration of the collection, remittance and enforcement of the tax imposed under this Act or under similar Acts in the other jurisdictions.

Payments by minister

18  (1) Despite any other provision of this Act or any other Act, if tax or other moneys are collected or received by the government under this Act or under an agreement made under this Act, the minister may pay to another jurisdiction or to a licensed carrier that part of the tax and other moneys collected or received that is, under the International Fuel Tax Agreement, required to be paid to that other jurisdiction or the licensed carrier, as the case may be.

(2) Any payments made under subsection (1) may be paid out of the consolidated revenue fund.

Issue of licences and decals to carriers

19  (1) On application by a carrier, the director may, in accordance with the regulations, issue or renew or refuse to issue or renew to the carrier a licence under which the tax administration scheme contemplated by the International Fuel Tax Agreement is applied to the carrier.

(2) If the director refuses to issue or renew a licence to a carrier, the director must, on the request of the carrier, provide written reasons to the carrier for the director's refusal.

(3) An application under subsection (1) must be in the prescribed form and must contain or incorporate by reference the terms and conditions of the licence with which the carrier agrees to comply and to which the carrier agrees to be bound, and any other information required by the director.

(3.1) Before the director issues or renews a licence under subsection (1), the director may require the applicant to deposit a bond under section 53 by the date specified by the director.

(3.2) The director may refuse to issue or renew a licence under subsection (1) if the applicant has failed to deposit a bond required under section 53 by the date specified by the director under subsection (3.1) of this section.

(4) The director may suspend or cancel a licence issued under this section if the licensee fails to comply with

(a) a provision of this Act or the regulations,

(b) the terms and conditions of the licence set out in the application, or

(c) a requirement of the director to deposit a bond under section 53.

(5) A suspension or cancellation of a licence under subsection (4) does not relieve a person from any other liability.

(6) The director must issue to a carrier, to whom a licence has been issued under this section, 2 decals for each motor vehicle that is

(a) owned or operated by the carrier, and

(b) used interprovincially or internationally for the commercial carriage of passengers or goods.

(7) A carrier to whom a licence and decals are issued under this section must not assign or otherwise transfer that licence or those decals.

(8) A licensed carrier must not display the decals issued under subsection (6) unless that carrier is in compliance with this Act, the regulations and the terms and conditions of the licence set out in the application.

(9) A carrier whose carrier licence is suspended or cancelled must, immediately after that suspension or cancellation, return the carrier licence to the director and remove all decals issued under subsection (6) from the motor vehicles to which they were affixed.

Part 5 — Refunds

Refund of taxes paid or remitted

20  (1) If the director is satisfied an amount has been paid as tax in circumstances where there was no legal obligation to pay the amount as tax, the director must refund, from the consolidated revenue fund, that amount to the person entitled to it.

(2) If the director is satisfied that a collector has remitted to the government an amount as collected taxes that the collector neither collected nor was required to collect under this Act, the director must refund the amount to the collector from the consolidated revenue fund.

(3) Subsection (2) applies to a person who sells fuel in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies as if the person were a collector.

Refund of taxes in accordance with Nisga'a Nation Taxation Agreement

20.1  (1) In this section:

"person" has the same meaning as "claimant" in paragraph 6 (b) of the Taxation Agreement;

"Taxation Agreement" has the same meaning as in section 6.1 of the Nisga'a Final Agreement Act.

(2) On application and on receipt of evidence establishing that a person is entitled to a refund as provided in the Taxation Agreement of tax paid by the person under this Act, the director must pay that refund from the consolidated revenue fund to that person.

Treaty first nation tax refunds

20.101  (1) [Repealed 2011-11-62.]

(2) On application, and on receipt of evidence establishing that a person is entitled under a tax treatment agreement to a refund of tax paid by the person under this Act, the director must pay that refund from the consolidated revenue fund to that person.

Refund of security

20.11  (1) If the director is satisfied that a collector has paid an amount as security to the government in circumstances where there was no legal obligation to pay the amount as security, the director must refund, from the consolidated revenue fund, that amount to the collector.

(1.1) Subsection (1) applies to a person who sells fuel in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies as if the person were a collector.

(2) Subject to subsection (3.01), if the director is satisfied that a person who is a collector, deputy collector or retail dealer has paid security on fuel that

(a) was sold to a purchaser who is not liable to pay tax on that purchase, or

(b) was not sold and is not to be sold to a purchaser,

the director must pay from the consolidated revenue fund to the person the difference between the amount of security the person paid on the fuel and the amount of security or tax the person received for the fuel.

(3) Subject to subsection (3.01), if the director is satisfied that

(a) a person who is a collector, deputy collector or retail dealer has paid security on fuel,

(b) the amount of the security was calculated on the basis that the fuel would be sold to a purchaser who would be liable to pay tax at a particular rate established under this Act,

(c) the fuel was or will be sold to a purchaser liable to pay a lower rate of tax, and

(d) the person is not a deputy collector or retail dealer to whom a refund is payable under section 20.12,

the director must pay, from the consolidated revenue fund, to the person the difference between the amount of security the person paid on the fuel and the amount of security or tax the person received for the fuel.

(3.01) A refund is not payable under subsection (2) or (3) in respect of the fuel if,

(a) in the case of a person who has paid security on fuel and has subsequently coloured and sold that fuel, the person has not complied with sections 14 and 14.1, or

(b) in the case of a person who has paid security on coloured fuel and has subsequently sold that coloured fuel, the person has not complied with section 14.1.

(3.1) Subject to subsection (3.2), if the director is satisfied that

(a) a collector, deputy collector or retail dealer has paid an amount as security on a substance bought as a fuel, and

(b) the substance was or will be sold in accordance with this Act as heating oil or non-motor fuel oil to a person

(i) for the person's own use or for use by another person at the first person's expense, or

(ii) on behalf of or as agent for a principal for use by the principal or by other persons at the expense of the principal,

the director must refund, from the consolidated revenue fund, that amount to the collector, deputy collector or retail dealer.

(3.2) A refund is not payable under subsection (3.1) in respect of the substance if, in the case of a collector, deputy collector or retail dealer who has paid security on the substance and has subsequently coloured that substance, the collector, deputy collector or retail dealer has not complied with section 16.2.

(4) A deputy collector or retail dealer who has received an amount under subsection (2), (3) or (3.1) for a fuel is not entitled to and must not request a refund of the security from the person who sold the fuel to the deputy collector or retail dealer.

(5) If a vendor, wholesale dealer or retail dealer receives an amount under subsection (2) or (3) for a fuel and subsequently receives security or collects tax or an amount as if it were tax on the fuel with respect to which the amount was paid, the vendor, wholesale dealer or retail dealer must pay to the government the amount received or collected on the fuel at the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner.

(6) If a vendor, wholesale dealer or retail dealer receives an amount under subsection (3.1) for a substance and subsequently receives security or collects tax, or an amount as if it were tax, as if the substance with respect to which the amount was paid were a fuel, the vendor, wholesale dealer or retail dealer must pay to the government the amount received or collected on the substance at the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner.

Refund of security on coloured fuel for deputy collectors and retail dealers

20.12  (1) The director must pay to a deputy collector, from the consolidated revenue fund, a refund in the amount determined under subsection (2) if the director is satisfied that

(a) the deputy collector has paid security on fuel that was not coloured fuel at the time the deputy collector bought the fuel,

(b) the deputy collector has coloured the fuel referred to in paragraph (a) and has sold that coloured fuel,

(c) the deputy collector, in colouring and selling the fuel referred to in paragraph (a), has complied with sections 14 and 14.1, and

(d) a refund is not payable under section 20.11 (2) to the deputy collector.

(2) The amount of the refund payable under subsection (1) is the amount equal to the difference between

(a) the amount of security the deputy collector paid on the fuel, and

(b) the amount of security the deputy collector would have been required to pay on the fuel if the rate of tax on that fuel were 3¢ per litre.

(3) The director must pay to a retail dealer, from the consolidated revenue fund, a refund in the amount determined under subsection (4) if the director is satisfied that

(a) the retail dealer has paid security on fuel that was not coloured fuel at the time the retail dealer bought the fuel,

(b) the retail dealer has coloured the fuel referred to in paragraph (a) and has sold that coloured fuel to a purchaser who was liable to pay tax under this Act on that purchase,

(c) the retail dealer, in colouring and selling the fuel referred to in paragraph (a), has complied with sections 14 and 14.1, and

(d) in the case of a retail dealer who has sold coloured fuel, other than coloured fuel referred to in section 5.1 (2) (b) or (c), to a purchaser, other than a farmer, referred to in section 5.1 (1) (a) or (b), the retail dealer

(i) has obtained from the purchaser, at or before the time of sale, or after the time of sale, the declaration referred to in section 5.1 (1), or

(ii) has collected from the purchaser the amount of tax imposed under section 5.1 (1).

(4) The amount of the refund payable under subsection (3) is the amount equal to the difference between

(a) the amount of security the retail dealer paid on the fuel, and

(b) the amount of tax the retail dealer received from the purchaser for that fuel.

(5) If a refund is paid under subsection (3) to a retail dealer who has obtained from the purchaser, after the time of sale, the declaration referred to in section 5.1 (1), the purchaser is deemed to be, at the time of sale, a purchaser who is

(a) required to pay an amount of tax under section 5 (1), and

(b) not required to pay an amount of tax under section 5.1 (1).

(6) If a deputy collector or retail dealer receives an amount under this section for a fuel and subsequently receives security or collects tax or an amount as if it were tax on the fuel with respect to which the amount was paid, the deputy collector or retail dealer must pay to the government the amount received or collected on the fuel at the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner.

Refunds when joint and several liability

20.2  (1) Despite sections 20 (2), 20.11 and 20.12, or any regulation that requires the payment of a refund of amounts collected or security to a corporation, if the director is satisfied that the total of the amount paid by one or more board members who are jointly and severally liable with the corporation under section 45.1 (1) and the amount, if any, paid by the corporation exceeds the amount owed by the corporation under this Act for the period that the board members who made the payments were jointly and severally liable with the corporation, the director must pay a refund from the consolidated revenue fund in accordance with the following:

(a) if only one board member paid all or a part of the amount for which one or more board members and the corporation were jointly and severally liable under section 45.1 (1), refund to the board member the amount of the excess up to the amount paid by the board member;

(b) if two or more board members paid the amount or a part of the amount for which the board members and the corporation were jointly and severally liable under section 45.1 (1), refund to the board members the amount of the excess divided proportionately between the board members, up to the amount paid by each board member;

(c) after making the payment under paragraph (a) or (b), refund to the corporation any remaining amount of the excess, up to the amount paid by the corporation.

(2) A refund under subsection (1) (b) must be based on the ratio of the amounts paid by the board members who are jointly and severally liable under section 45.1 (1) for the applicable period of the refund.

(3) A refund may be paid under subsection (1) only to a board member or corporation who has applied for a refund.

Refund or deduction for bad debts

21  (1) In this section:

"sale" means a sale referred to in subsection (2) (a);

"seller" means a collector, deputy collector or retail dealer;

"specified amount", in relation to a sale, means a portion, determined in the prescribed manner, of the amount remitted or paid to the government by the seller in respect of taxes or security payable under this Act on the sale.

(2) This section applies to a seller in respect of a sale if

(a) the seller sells fuel,

(b) the seller, in accordance with this Act,

(i) remits the tax required under this Act to be collected for the sale, or

(ii) pays or has paid the security required under this Act to be paid in respect of the fuel,

(c) the person buying the fuel does not pay to the seller the full amount of the consideration in respect of the sale, and

(d) within 4 years of the date on which the tax or security referred to in paragraph (b) (i) or (ii), as the case may be, was remitted or paid, the seller writes off as unrealizable or uncollectable the amount owing by the person who bought the fuel.

(3) If a seller to whom this section applies in respect of a sale is a collector, the seller may deduct the specified amount from the amount of taxes or security that the seller is required to remit or pay under this Act in respect of the reporting period in which the seller writes off the amount owing referred to in subsection (2) (d).

(4) A deduction referred to in subsection (3) must be made in a form specified by the director.

(5) If the director is satisfied that

(a) this section applies to a seller in respect of a sale, and

(b) if the seller is a collector, the seller has not made a deduction under subsection (3) in respect of the sale,

the director must refund from the consolidated revenue fund the specified amount to the seller.

(6) If a seller who is a collector has made a deduction under subsection (3) or obtained a refund under subsection (5) and recovers some or all of the amount referred to in subsection (2) (d) with respect to which the refund was paid or the deduction was made, the seller must add an amount, determined in the prescribed manner, to the tax to be remitted or security to be paid by the seller under this Act in respect of the reporting period in which the recovery was made.

(7) If a seller, other than a seller referred to in subsection (6), who obtained a refund under subsection (5) recovers some or all of the amount referred to in subsection (2) (d) with respect to which the refund was paid, the seller must pay to the government an amount, determined in the prescribed manner, on or before the last day of the month following the month in which the recovery was made.

Refund where fuel used for certain purposes

22  (1) If a person has paid tax imposed under section 4 or 10 in respect of fuel used for a purpose for which coloured fuel is authorized to be used under section 15 (1) (d), (e) or (h) or in respect of fuel used in a farm truck while being operated internationally for the purpose specified in section 15 (1) (j), the director must pay to that person from the consolidated revenue fund a refund equal to the difference between the tax paid on the fuel under section 4 or 10 and the tax that would have been payable under section 5 had the fuel been coloured fuel.

(2) If a person has also paid tax imposed under section 12.1 or 13 in respect of fuel described in subsection (1), the director must, in addition to the refund under subsection (1), pay from the consolidated revenue fund to that person a refund equal to the amount of tax paid on the fuel under section 12.1 or 13.

Refund to purchaser of coloured fuel who pays tax under section 5.1, but uses fuel for authorized purpose

22.1  (1) The director must pay to a purchaser of coloured fuel, from the consolidated revenue fund, a refund in the amount determined under subsection (2) if the director is satisfied that

(a) the purchaser has paid an amount of tax under section 5.1 (1) on the coloured fuel,

(b) the purchaser would not have been required to pay the amount referred to in paragraph (a) if the retail dealer had obtained from the purchaser, at or before the time of sale, the declaration referred to in section 5.1 (1), and

(c) the purchaser has used the coloured fuel for a purpose authorized under section 15.

(2) The amount of the refund payable under subsection (1) is the amount equal to the difference between

(a) the amount of tax paid by the purchaser under section 5.1 (1), and

(b) the amount of tax that would have been payable by the purchaser under section 5 if the retail dealer had obtained from the purchaser, at or before the time of sale, the declaration referred to in section 5.1 (1).

Person with disabilities

23  (1) If a person with disabilities who is 16 years of age or older owns or leases a motor vehicle and has paid tax imposed by this Act on fuel used to propel the motor vehicle, the director must pay to the person from the consolidated revenue fund a refund equal to the tax paid during the period January 1 to December 31 up to a maximum of $500.

(2) A refund is payable under this section in respect of only one motor vehicle owned or leased by a person with disabilities.

Motive fuel refund

24  If a person purchases, for the operation of a private passenger motor vehicle, motive fuel on which tax imposed by section 10 has been paid, the director must pay to the person from the consolidated revenue fund a refund of 0.5¢ per litre on the motive fuel purchased.

Refunds authorized or required under the regulations

24.1  The director

(a) if authorized by the regulations, may pay from the consolidated revenue fund a refund of all or a portion of tax or security paid by an applicant for a refund, and

(b) if required by the regulations, must pay from the consolidated revenue fund a refund of all or a portion of tax or security paid by an applicant for a refund.

Claim for refund

25  (1) To claim a refund under this Act, other than under section 20.1 or 20.101, a person must submit to the director

(a) subject to the regulations, a written application in the form and manner satisfactory to the director and signed by the person who paid or remitted the amount claimed, and

(b) any information or document required by the director.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1) (a), if the person who paid or remitted the amount claimed is a corporation, the application must be signed by a board member or authorized employee of the corporation.

(2.1) Despite anything in this Act or the regulations, the director is not required to pay a refund to a person who claims a refund under subsection (1) unless the requirements of subsections (1) and (2) are met.

(3) A person who is required to file a return for tax or security under this Act may

(a) instead of submitting a written application under subsection (1) (a), submit, as part of the return, a claim for a refund for the reporting period to which the return relates, and

(b) deduct the amount of the refund claimed from the amount of tax or security required to be remitted or paid by the person.

Refund limits

26  (1) Despite section 16 of the Financial Administration Act,

(a) a refund of less than $10 must not be made,

(b) a refund, other than a refund referred to in paragraph (c), must not be made on a claim for a refund that is received by the director more than 4 years after the date on which the amount claimed was paid or remitted, and

(c) a refund to a person under section 21 (5) must not be made on a claim for a refund that is received by the director more than 4 years after the date on which the person who sold the fuel referred to in section 21 writes off as unrealizable or uncollectable the amount owing by the person who bought that fuel.

(2) Despite the Limitation Act, an action for a refund must not be brought more than 4 years after the date on which the amount claimed was paid or remitted.

Repealed

27  [Repealed 2008-40-108.]

Part 6 — Collection of Tax

Appointment of vendors as collectors

28  (1) Subject to subsection (3), and on receipt of an application in the form specified by the director, the director may, if the director considers that the applicant is suitable,

(a) appoint a vendor to be a collector for a type or subcategory of a type of fuel, and

(b) make the appointment subject to any other conditions and limitations specified by the director.

(2) The director may limit the application of a collector's appointment to a subcategory of a type of fuel, if the subcategory is prescribed under this Act.

(2.1) On receipt of an application in the form specified by the director, the director may

(a) appoint a collector to be a refiner collector with respect to the same type or subcategory of a type of fuel as the collector is appointed under subsection (1) (a), if

(i) the director considers the applicant suitable, and

(ii) the collector or one or more interrelated entities of the collector, individually or collectively, own and operate a crude oil refinery in Canada, and

(b) make the refiner collector appointment subject to any conditions and limitations specified by the director.

(2.11) Before the director makes an appointment under subsection (1) or (2.1), the director may require the applicant to deposit a bond under section 53 by the date specified by the director.

(2.12) The director may refuse to make an appointment under subsection (1) or (2.1) if the applicant has failed to deposit a bond required under section 53 by the date specified by the director under subsection (2.11) of this section.

(2.2) In this section, "interrelated entity", in relation to a collector, means a corporation, partnership, trust, joint venture or other incorporated or unincorporated entity that the director considers to be interrelated with the collector for the purpose of this section.

(2.3) Subject to subsection (2.4), the director may make an appointment under subsection (1) or (2.1) effective on an earlier date that is on or after the first day of the month in which the vendor's first sale of a type or subcategory of a type of fuel in British Columbia, and if the appointment is made effective on an earlier date the vendor is deemed to have been appointed a collector or refiner collector on the specified date.

(2.4) An appointment may not be made effective on a date that is earlier than 4 years before the director makes the appointment under subsection (1) or (2.1).

(3) Before an applicant is appointed as a collector, the applicant must enter into an agreement with the director, on behalf of the government, setting out the duties to be performed by the applicant when acting as a collector and any other matters the director considers necessary or advisable.

(4) A vendor must not sell, within British Columbia, fuel unless the vendor is appointed a collector for that type or subcategory of a type of fuel.

(5) This section does not apply to the sale of natural gas or hydrogen.

Prohibition against relabelling — fuel

29  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a person other than

(a) a collector, or

(b) a person who sells fuel in a sale to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies

must not sell a substance as a type of fuel or a subcategory of a type of fuel unless the person bought the substance as that type of fuel or that subcategory of a type of fuel, as applicable.

(2) The director may, in writing and in circumstances, if any, or on conditions, if any, the director specifies, authorize a person, other than a person referred to in subsection (1) (a) or (b), to sell a substance as a type of fuel or a subcategory of a type of fuel in circumstances in which the person bought the substance as another type of fuel or another subcategory of a type of fuel, as applicable.

Suspension or cancellation of collector's appointment

30  (1) The director may, without advance notice to a collector, suspend the collector's appointment for a period of up to 60 days

(a) if the director is satisfied that the collector knowingly gave false information on an application for the appointment,

(b) if the collector refuses or neglects to comply with

(i) a provision of this Act or the regulations,

(ii) a condition or limitation specified by the director under section 28 (1),

(iii) a provision of the agreement referred to in section 28 (3), or

(iv) a requirement of the director to deposit a bond under section 53,

(b.1) with respect to an appointment as a refiner collector, if the director is satisfied that the condition referred to in section 28 (2.1) (a) (ii) is not being met, or

(c) if authorized by the regulations.

(1.1) If the director suspends an appointment of a collector under subsection (1), the director must, as soon as reasonably possible,

(a) advise the person of the reasons for the suspension, and

(b) provide the person with an opportunity to show the director why the suspension should be lifted.

(2) Subject to subsection (2.1), the director may, by notice delivered to a collector, cancel the collector's appointment

(a) if the director is satisfied that the collector knowingly gave false information on an application for the appointment,

(b) the collector refuses or neglects to comply with

(i) a provision of this Act or the regulations,

(ii) a condition or limitation specified by the director under section 28 (1),

(iii) a provision of the agreement referred to in section 28 (3), or

(iv) a requirement of the director to deposit a bond under section 53,

(b.1) with respect to an appointment as a refiner collector, if the director is satisfied that the condition referred to in section 28 (2.1) (a) (ii) is not being met, or

(c) if authorized by the regulations.

(2.1) Before cancelling an appointment under subsection (2), the director must give the collector

(a) notice of the reasons for the proposed cancellation, and

(b) an opportunity to show the director why the appointment should not be cancelled.

(3) Cancellation of an appointment under subsection (2) takes effect on the later of

(a) the date that notice of it is delivered to the collector, or

(b) the date stated in the notice.

(4) A suspension or cancellation of appointment under this section does not relieve a collector from any liability.

(5) If required by the regulations, the director must cancel a collector's appointment in accordance with the regulations.

(6) If the director cancels a collector's appointment under subsection (5), the director

(a) is not required to provide advance notice of the cancellation to the collector, and

(b) must provide written reasons to the collector.

(7) If the appointment of a person as a collector under the Carbon Tax Act is suspended under that Act, the appointment of that person as collector under this Act is automatically suspended without notice for the same period as the suspension under the Carbon Tax Act, if both appointments are in relation to the same substance.

(8) If the appointment of a person as a collector under the Carbon Tax Act is cancelled under that Act, the appointment of that person as collector under this Act is automatically cancelled without notice if both appointments are in relation to the same substance.

(9) If the appointment of a person as a collector under this Act or the Carbon Tax Act is suspended under either Act, the appointment of that person as refiner collector under this Act is automatically suspended without notice for the same period as the suspension under this Act or the Carbon Tax Act.

(10) If the appointment of a person as a collector under this Act or the Carbon Tax Act is cancelled under either Act, the appointment of that person as refiner collector under this Act is automatically cancelled without notice.

Repealed

31—32  [Repealed 2008-40-112.]

Deputy collectors

33  (1) If a wholesale dealer buys fuel

(a) from a collector, the wholesale dealer is deemed, with respect to that fuel, to have been appointed a deputy collector by the collector, or

(b) from a deputy collector, the wholesale dealer is deemed, with respect to that fuel, to have been appointed a deputy collector by the deputy collector

from whom the wholesale dealer bought that fuel.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a wholesale dealer who is appointed a collector and who buys fuel from another collector in a sale described in section 38 (3).

(3) A person who is a deputy collector must comply with the obligations of a deputy collector imposed by this Act even if the person is also a collector or registered consumer with respect to other fuel.

(4) If a wholesale dealer buys fuel from a vendor whose appointment as a collector for the fuel is effective in accordance with section 28 (2.3), the appointment of the wholesale dealer as a deputy collector under subsection (1) (a) of this section is deemed to have been made at the time the wholesale dealer bought that fuel.

(5) If a wholesale dealer buys fuel from a deputy collector whose appointment as a deputy collector under subsection (1) (a) is effective in accordance with subsection (4), the appointment of the wholesale dealer as a deputy collector under subsection (1) (b) is deemed to have been made at the time the wholesale dealer bought the fuel.

Duties of retail dealers, deputy collectors and collectors

34  (1) Subject to subsection (3) and the regulations, a retail dealer must collect the tax imposed by this Act at the time of selling fuel to a purchaser.

(2) A person who is a retail dealer must comply with the obligations of a retail dealer imposed under this Act even if the person is also a collector or a registered consumer with respect to other fuel.

(3) If a retail dealer sells to a registered consumer fuel that is the type or subcategory of a type of fuel specified on the registered consumer's certificate, the retail dealer is not required to collect tax from the registered consumer.

(4) Subject to sections 38, 39 and 40 and the regulations, a collector or deputy collector who sells fuel to a deputy collector or retail dealer must collect the tax from the deputy collector or retail dealer who bought the fuel.

(5) Subject to section 39 and the regulations, a deputy collector who buys fuel from a collector or other deputy collector must, on the demand of the collector or the other deputy collector, remit the tax on the fuel collected from a retail dealer or another deputy collector to the person who made the demand.

(6) Subject to section 40 and the regulations, a retail dealer who buys fuel from a collector or deputy collector must, on demand of the collector or deputy collector, remit the tax on the fuel collected from the purchaser to the person who made the demand.

(7) A retail dealer or deputy collector who does not remit the tax collected in accordance with subsection (5) or (6) must remit the tax collected to the minister at the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner.

Relief of obligations to extent tax remitted

34.01  If a vendor's appointment as a collector for a fuel is effective in accordance with section 28 (2.3) and the collector sold, within British Columbia, the fuel within the period beginning on the date the appointment was effective in accordance with section 28 (2.3) and ending on the date the appointment was made by the director, the following apply in respect of that fuel:

(a) the collector or a deputy collector is relieved of any obligation under section 34 (4) to collect tax on the fuel to the extent that the tax on that fuel has been remitted to the government;

(b) a deputy collector is relieved of any obligation under section 34 (5) to remit tax on the fuel to the extent that the tax on that fuel has been remitted to the government;

(c) a retail dealer is relieved of any obligation under section 34 (6) to remit the tax on the fuel to the extent that the tax on that fuel has been remitted to the government;

(d) a retail dealer or deputy collector is relieved of any obligation under section 34 (7) to remit the tax collected on the fuel to the extent that the tax on that fuel has been remitted to the government;

(e) the collector is relieved of any obligation under section 38 (1) to pay security with respect to that fuel to the extent that the tax on that fuel has been remitted to the government;

(f) a deputy collector is relieved of any obligation under section 39 (1) to pay security with respect to that fuel to the extent that the tax on that fuel has been remitted to the government;

(g) a retail dealer is relieved of any obligation under section 40 (1) to pay security with respect to that fuel to the extent that the tax on that fuel has been remitted to the government.

Agent of government

34.1  A person who sells fuel is deemed to be an agent of the government and as agent must levy and collect tax as required by this Act.

Remittance of tax

35  (1) Subject to section 38, a collector must remit to the government all taxes collected by the collector under this Act at the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner.

(2) Despite section 21 and the regulations, any money received by a collector, deputy collector or retail dealer in respect of a sale of fuel, up to the full amount of the taxes owing, is deemed to be payment of the taxes owing by the purchaser under this Act.

Collections

35.1  (1) If a person collects an amount as if it were a tax imposed under this Act, the person must remit the amount collected to the government at the same time and in the same manner as tax collected under this Act.

(1.1) A person, other than a collector or a deputy collector, who sells fuel to a retail dealer and receives money in respect of the tax payable on the fuel must immediately remit that money to the government.

(1.2) If a person collects an amount as if it were security under this Act and has not paid security under section 38, 39 or 40, the person must remit the amount collected to the government at the same time and in the same manner as security payable under section 38.

(2) If a person collects an amount of tax under this Act or collects an amount as if it were tax under this Act,

(a) the person is deemed to hold the amount in trust for the government and for the payment of the amount to the government in the manner and at the time required under this Act, and

(b) the amount collected is deemed to be held separate from and does not form a part of the person's money, assets or estate, whether or not the amount collected has in fact been kept separate and apart from either the person's own money or the assets of the estate of the person who collected the amount.

(3) [Repealed 2008-40-117.]

Allowance for collecting tax

36  (1) The minister may provide an allowance to collectors for their services in collecting and remitting the tax to the minister as prescribed by the regulations.

(2) The regulations may

(a) prescribe different allowances for the collection and remittance of different kinds of taxes, and

(b) provide for the denial of the allowance in prescribed circumstances.

Issue of registered consumer certificate

37  (1) Subject to subsection (3) and on receipt of an application in the form specified by the director, the director may

(a) issue a registered consumer certificate for a type or subcategory of a type of fuel specified by the director to an applicant who

(i) the director considers suitable,

(ii) is included in a prescribed category of persons, and

(iii) meets the prescribed conditions and requirements, if any, and

(b) make the registered consumer certificate subject to any other conditions and limitations specified by the director.

(2) The director may limit the application of a registered consumer certificate to a subcategory of a type of fuel, if the subcategory is prescribed under this Act.

(3) Before an applicant is issued a registered consumer certificate, the applicant must enter into an agreement with the director, on behalf of the government, setting out the duties to be performed by the applicant when acting as a registered consumer and any other matters the director considers necessary or advisable.

(3.1) Before the director issues a registered consumer certificate under subsection (1), the director may require the applicant to deposit a bond under section 53 by the date specified by the director.

(3.2) The director may refuse to issue a registered consumer certificate under subsection (1) if the applicant has failed to deposit a bond required under section 53 by the date specified by the director under subsection (3.1) of this section.

(4) Sections 4 (1) to (2.1), 5 (1) and (1.1), 5.1 (1), 6 (1), (1.1) and (3), 7 (1), (1.1) and (3), 8 (1), (1.1) and (3), 10 (1) to (2.1), 10.1 (1), (1.1) and (2), 10.3 (1) and (2), 12.1 (2) and (2.1) and 13 (1) and (2) do not apply to a purchaser who is a registered consumer with respect to the type or the subcategory of a type of fuel specified on that purchaser's registered consumer certificate.

Suspension or cancellation of registered consumer certificate

37.1  (1) The director may, without advance notice to a registered consumer, suspend the registered consumer's certificate for a period of up to 60 days

(a) if the director is satisfied that the registered consumer knowingly gave false information on the application for the registered consumer certificate,

(b) if the registered consumer refuses or neglects to comply with

(i) a provision of this Act or the regulations,

(ii) a condition or limitation specified by the director under section 37 (1),

(iii) a provision of the agreement referred to in section 37 (3), or

(iv) a requirement of the director to deposit a bond under section 53, or

(c) if authorized by the regulations.

(2) If the director suspends a registered consumer certificate under subsection (1), the director must, as soon as reasonably possible,

(a) advise the person of the reasons for the suspension, and

(b) provide the person with an opportunity to show the director why the suspension should be lifted.

(3) Subject to subsection (4), the director may, by notice delivered to a registered consumer, cancel the registered consumer's certificate

(a) if the director is satisfied that the person knowingly gave false information on the application for the registered consumer certificate,

(b) if the registered consumer refuses or neglects to comply with

(i) a provision of this Act or the regulations,

(ii) a condition or limitation specified by the director under section 37 (1),

(iii) a provision of the agreement referred to in section 37 (3), or

(iv) a requirement of the director to deposit a bond under section 53, or

(c) if authorized by the regulations.

(4) Before cancelling a registered consumer certificate under subsection (3), the director must

(a) give the registered consumer notice of the reasons for the proposed cancellation, and

(b) provide the registered consumer with an opportunity to show the director why the registered consumer's certificate should not be cancelled.

(5) Cancellation of a registered consumer certificate under subsection (3) takes effect on the later of

(a) the date that notice of it is delivered to the person, and

(b) the date stated on the notice.

(6) If required by the regulations, the director must cancel a registered consumer certificate in accordance with the regulations.

(7) If the director cancels a registered consumer certificate under subsection (6) the director

(a) is not required to provide advance notice of the cancellation to the registered consumer, and

(b) must provide written reasons to the registered consumer.

(8) If a registered consumer certificate issued to a person under the Carbon Tax Act is suspended under that Act, the registered consumer certificate issued to that person under this Act is automatically suspended without notice for the same period as the suspension under the Carbon Tax Act, if both certificates are in relation to the same substance.

(9) If a registered consumer certificate issued to a person under the Carbon Tax Act is cancelled under that Act, the registered consumer certificate issued to that person under this Act is automatically cancelled without notice if both certificates are in relation to the same substance.

(10) A suspension or cancellation of a registered consumer certificate under this section does not relieve the registered consumer from any liability.

Security from collector

38  (1) Subject to subsections (1.1), (3) and (4), a collector who, within British Columbia, sells a fuel for the first time after the fuel is manufactured in British Columbia or imported into British Columbia must pay, with respect to that fuel, security to the government in an amount equal to the tax that would be collectable if the fuel were sold to a purchaser at that time.

(1.1) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), a collector who, within British Columbia, sells fuel for the first time in a sale referred to in section 1.1 (5) is deemed to be making the first sale of the fuel for the purposes of subsection (1) of this section.

(2) The security referred to in subsection (1) must be paid to the government at the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner.

(3) For the purposes of subsections (1) and (1.1), a sale of fuel within British Columbia for the first time does not include a sale of a type or subcategory of a type of fuel by one refiner collector to another refiner collector, if both are appointed refiner collectors for the same type or subcategory of a type of fuel.

(4) A collector who sells fuel that the collector bought in the circumstances described in subsection (3) is deemed to be making the first sale of fuel for the purposes of subsection (1) or (1.1), as applicable, if the collector sells the fuel in circumstances other than those described in subsection (3).

(5) A collector who, as retail dealer, sells fuel to a purchaser who is not liable to pay tax on that purchase is exempt from the requirement to pay security under subsection (1) in respect of that fuel.

(5.1) A collector is exempt from the requirement to pay security under subsection (1) in respect of fuel if the collector sells the fuel to a deputy collector or retail dealer who is exempt from the requirement to pay security under section 39 (1) or 40 (1) in respect of that fuel.

(6) On application by a collector, the director may, in writing and on conditions the director considers appropriate, exempt the collector from the requirements of subsection (1) in respect of a fuel if the collector satisfies the director that the fuel

(a) is to be sold to a purchaser who is not liable to pay tax on that purchase, or

(b) is not to be sold to a purchaser.

(7) An amount that is paid by a collector as security under subsection (1) may, unless the amount is refunded under this Act, be retained by the government in satisfaction of the collector's obligation to collect and remit the tax imposed by this Act on a purchaser of fuel.

Security from deputy collector

39  (0.1) In this section, "common carrier" means a person who is in the business of transporting goods for members of the public.

(1.1) A deputy collector who buys fuel that is to be sold by the deputy collector outside of British Columbia is exempt from the requirement to pay security under subsection (1) in respect of the fuel if that fuel is to be removed from British Columbia

(a) by the collector or other deputy collector from whom the deputy collector bought the fuel,

(b) by a person acting on behalf of the collector or other deputy collector from whom the deputy collector bought the fuel,

(c) by the deputy collector or a person acting on behalf of the deputy collector, if the deputy collector or the person acting on behalf of the deputy collector has, at the time the deputy collector buys the fuel, entered into a contract with a common carrier for the removal of the fuel from British Columbia, or

(d) in prescribed circumstances.

(1) A deputy collector who buys fuel from a collector or another deputy collector must pay, as security to the collector or the other deputy collector, an amount equal to the tax that would be collectable if that fuel were sold to a purchaser at that time.

(2) On application by a deputy collector, the director may, in writing and on conditions the director considers appropriate, exempt the deputy collector from the requirements of subsection (1) in respect of a fuel if the deputy collector satisfies the director that the fuel

(a) is to be sold to a purchaser who is not liable to pay tax on that purchase, or

(b) is not to be sold to a purchaser.

(3) A collector or deputy collector who, in respect of fuel, has paid an amount of security under section 38 (1) or subsection (1) of this section may retain any amount received under subsection (1) of this section instead of collecting the tax imposed on the purchaser in respect of that fuel.

(4) If, under subsection (1), a deputy collector pays an amount as security in respect of fuel, and that amount is retained under subsection (3), the deputy collector is, subject to section 40.1, deemed to have satisfied the deputy collector's obligation to remit the tax that is imposed by this Act on the purchaser of the fuel.

Security from retail dealer

40  (1) If a retail dealer buys fuel from a collector or deputy collector, the retail dealer must pay, as security to the collector or deputy collector, an amount equal to the tax that would be collectable if that fuel were sold to a purchaser at that time.

(2) On application by a retail dealer, the director may, in writing and on conditions the director considers appropriate, exempt the retail dealer from the requirements of subsection (1) in respect of a fuel if the retail dealer satisfies the director that the fuel

(a) is to be sold to a purchaser who is not liable to pay tax on that purchase, or

(b) is not to be sold to a purchaser.

(3) A collector or deputy collector who, in respect of fuel, has paid an amount of security under section 38 (1) or section 39 (1) may retain any amount received under subsection (1) of this section instead of collecting the tax imposed on the purchaser in respect of that fuel.

(4) If, under subsection (1), a retail dealer pays an amount as security in respect of fuel and that amount is retained under subsection (3), the retail dealer is, subject to section 40.1, deemed to have satisfied the retail dealer's obligation to remit the tax that is imposed by this Act on the purchaser of the fuel.

Change in tax rate and payment of security

40.1  (1) If a deputy collector or retail dealer who owns fuel at the time the rate of tax for the fuel changes was required to pay security on the fuel before the rate of tax changed, the deputy collector or retail dealer must provide the director with an inventory of that fuel, in accordance with the instructions of the director.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a deputy collector or retail dealer, as the case may be, is deemed to own a fuel on the date the tax rate for the fuel changes if

(a) the deputy collector or retail dealer has entered into an agreement to buy the fuel and the agreement provides that the deputy collector or retail dealer owns the fuel on the date the tax rate changes,

(b) the deputy collector or the retail dealer has not received delivery of the fuel before the date the tax rate changes, and

(c) the deputy collector or retail dealer has not entered into an agreement with another person that provides that the other person owns the fuel on the date of the tax rate change.

(3) Subject to the regulations, the director may pay a deputy collector or retail dealer who provided an inventory under subsection (1) an allowance in an amount determined under the regulations.

(4) Subject to the regulations, if the rate of tax increases, a deputy collector or retail dealer who is required to provide an inventory under subsection (1) must pay to the director the additional amount of security determined under subsection (5), within the time required by the director.

(5) The amount of additional security payable is the difference between

(a) an amount equal to the tax that would be collectable for the fuel that was required to be included in the inventory, if that fuel were sold to a purchaser immediately after the increase in the rate of tax, and

(b) the amount the deputy collector or retail dealer paid as security in respect of the fuel.

(6) An amount that is paid by a deputy collector or retail dealer as security under subsection (4) may, unless the amount is refunded under this Act, be retained by the government in satisfaction of the deputy collector's or retail dealer's obligation to collect and remit the tax imposed by this Act on a purchaser of the fuel.

(7) Subject to subsection (9), if the rate of tax decreases, a deputy collector or retail dealer who was required to provide an inventory under subsection (1) may apply to the director for a refund of the amount of security determined under subsection (8).

(8) The refund payable under subsection (7) equals the portion of the security the deputy collector or retail dealer paid that exceeds the amount of tax that would be collectable for the fuel required to be included in the inventory, if that fuel were sold to a purchaser immediately after the decrease in the rate of tax.

(9) The director must pay to a person a refund under subsection (7) from the consolidated revenue fund, if the director is satisfied that the person has not received and is not to receive a refund of the security from any person with respect to the fuel.

Part 7 — Tax Collection Administration

Inspection and audit powers

41  (1) Except as limited by subsection (3), to determine whether this Act and the regulations are being or have been complied with, the director may enter at any reasonable time the business premises occupied by a person, the premises where the records of the person are kept or a site at which fuel, heating oil or non-motor fuel oil is manufactured, coloured, stored, sold or used, in order to do any of the following:

(a) inspect, audit and examine books of account or other records;

(b) inspect, ascertain the quantities of, and take samples of fuel, heating oil or non-motor fuel oil, including, without limitation, fuel in fuel tanks of motor vehicles, aircraft or ships or fuel tanks mounted on motor vehicles, aircraft or ships.

(2) A person occupying premises or a site referred to in subsection (1) must

(a) produce all books of account or other records as may be required by the director, and

(b) answer all questions of the director regarding the matters referred to in that subsection.

(3) The power to enter a place under subsection (1) must not be used to enter a dwelling occupied as a residence without the consent of the occupier except under the authority of a warrant under subsection (4).

(4) On being satisfied by evidence on oath that there are in a place records or other things for which there are reasonable grounds to believe that they are relevant to the matters referred to in subsection (1), a justice may issue a warrant authorizing a person named in the warrant to enter the place in accordance with the warrant in order to exercise the powers referred to in subsection (1) (a) and (b).

(5) When required by the director, a person must provide to the director all books of account and other records that the director considers necessary to determine whether this Act and the regulations are being or have been complied with.

(6) A person must not

(a) hinder, molest or interfere with a person doing anything that the person is authorized to do under this section, or

(b) prevent or attempt to prevent a person from doing anything that the person is authorized to do under this section.

Estimate of unremitted tax

42  (1) If a person who is required to file a return for tax or security under this Act fails to file a return or to pay or remit tax or pay security as required under this Act, or if the records of a person do not substantiate a return of the person for tax or security, the director may make an estimate of the amount of the

(a) tax that was collected or is payable by the person and for which the person has not accounted, or

(b) security that is payable by the person and for which the person has not accounted.

(1.1) The amount estimated under subsection (1) is deemed to be the amount of tax collected or payable or security payable by the person in respect of whom the estimate is made.

(2) In making an estimate under this section the director must not consider or include a period longer than 4 years before the date of the first notice of assessment.

(3) Despite subsection (2), the director may enter into a written agreement with a person in which the person waives subsection (2) and allows the director, in making an estimate under this section, to consider and include any period specified in the agreement.

Assessments of amounts

43  (1) If it appears from an inspection, audit or examination or from other information available to the director that taxes or security have not been paid or taxes have not been remitted as required under this Act, the director must

(a) calculate, in the manner and by the procedure the director considers appropriate, the tax or security not paid or tax not remitted, and

(b) assess the person liable to pay the tax or security or liable to remit the tax.

(1.1) Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to security not paid under this Act to the extent that the director is satisfied that the person to whom the fuel was sold would be entitled to a refund of tax or security under this Act.

(1.2) If, in accordance with subsection (1.1), subsection (1) does not apply in relation to security not paid under this Act, the security is no longer an amount owing to the government.

(2) If it appears from an inspection, audit or examination or from information available to the director that fuel on which a person has paid tax under section 5 has been used for a purpose not authorized by section 15, the director must, unless subsection (2.01) of this section applies in respect of the fuel,

(a) determine the difference between the tax paid by the person on that fuel and the tax that the person would have paid on that fuel if the fuel had not been taxed as coloured fuel, and

(b) assess the person for the difference determined under paragraph (a) of this subsection.

(2.01) If it appears from an inspection, audit or examination or from information available to the director that fuel on which a person has paid tax under section 6 has been used other than in any rolling stock or other vehicle when run on rails, the director must

(a) determine the difference between the tax paid by the person on that fuel and the tax that the person would have paid on that fuel if the fuel had not been taxed as locomotive fuel, and

(b) assess the person for the difference determined under paragraph (a) of this subsection.

(2.02) If it appears from an inspection, audit or examination or from other information available to the director that a person has deducted an amount under section 21 (3) that was in excess of the amount that the person was entitled to deduct under that section, the director must make an assessment against the person in an amount equal to the excess amount deducted plus interest calculated at the rate and in the manner prescribed.

(2.1) If it appears from an inspection, audit or examination or from other information available to the director that a person has received a refund of an amount under this Act or has deducted an amount under section 25 (3) that was in excess of the refund amount that was due to the person, the director must make an assessment against the person in an amount equal to the excess amount refunded or deducted plus interest calculated at the rate and in the manner prescribed.

(2.2) If it appears from an inspection, audit or examination or from other information available to the director that a person has not paid an amount required to be paid under section 49.1 (2), the director must make an assessment against the person in an amount equal to the amount required to be paid under that section.

(2.3) If it appears from an inspection, audit or examination or from other information available to the director that a person has not paid an amount required to be paid under section 57.2 (4), the director must make an assessment against the person in an amount equal to the amount required to be paid under that section.

(3) In making an assessment under this section the director must not consider or include a period longer than 4 years before the date of the first notice of assessment.

(4) Despite subsection (3), in making an assessment under this section the director may consider and include any period, if the assessment relates to a contravention, of this Act or the regulations, involving wilful default or fraud.

(5) Despite subsection (3), the director may enter into a written agreement with a person in which the person waives subsection (3) and allows the director, in making an assessment under this section, to consider and include any period specified in the agreement.

Failure to collect taxes

44  (1) Subject to subsection (3), if it appears from an inspection, audit or examination or from other information available to the director that an amount of tax imposed under this Act should have been but was not collected, the director must impose on the person who should have collected the tax a penalty equal to the amount of the tax that should have been collected, plus interest calculated at the rate and in the manner prescribed.

(1.1) If the director must impose a penalty on a person under subsection (1), the director, despite that subsection, may impose a penalty on the person as follows:

(a) if the director is satisfied that the person liable to pay the tax has paid the tax to the government, the director may impose on the person who should have collected the tax a penalty equal to the amount of the penalty that would otherwise be imposed under that subsection less the amount of tax paid to the government by the person liable to pay the tax, plus interest calculated at the rate and in the manner prescribed;

(b) if the director is satisfied that the person liable to pay the tax would be entitled to a refund of the tax if the person had paid the tax, the director may impose on the person who should have collected the tax a penalty equal to the amount of the penalty that would otherwise be imposed under that subsection less the amount of the refund of tax to which the person would be entitled, plus interest calculated at the rate and in the manner prescribed.

(2) [Repealed 2008-40-127.]

(3) The director must not impose a penalty on a person under subsection (1) or (1.1) in respect of fuel

(a) if the person is assessed for failing to pay security under section 43 (1) in respect of that fuel, or

(b) if, in accordance with section 43 (1.1), section 43 (1) does not apply in respect of that fuel.

(4) A person who has paid an amount imposed under subsection (1) may, in a court of competent jurisdiction, sue the person who was liable to pay the tax in order to recover the amount imposed under subsection (1), and any amount recovered in the action may be retained by the plaintiff as compensation for the amount paid under subsection (1).

(5) In imposing a penalty under this section the director must not consider or include a period longer than 4 years before the date of the first notice of assessment.

(5.1) Despite subsection (5), in imposing a penalty under this section, the director may consider and include any period, if the penalty is imposed as a result of a contravention, of this Act or the regulations, involving wilful default or fraud.

(6) Despite subsection (5), the director may enter into a written agreement with a person in which the person waives subsection (5) and allows the director, in imposing a penalty under this section, to consider and include any period specified in the agreement.

Failure to remit or pay taxes or security

45  (1) In addition to any other penalty, the director may do any of the following:

(a) if the director is satisfied that a person who collected tax or received security in respect of a fuel wilfully failed to remit the tax or pay security on the fuel to the government as required under this Act, impose on the person a penalty equal to 100% of the amount not remitted or paid;

(b) in any case other than a case referred to in paragraph (a), if the director is satisfied that a person evaded the payment of tax or security to the government by wilfully making a false or deceptive statement or by willful default or fraud, impose on the person a penalty equal to 25% of the amount evaded;

(c) in any case, other than a case referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), if the director is satisfied that a person failed to collect any tax or remit or pay any tax or security to the government as required under this Act, impose on the person a penalty equal to 10% of the amount not collected, remitted or paid.

(2) If the director is satisfied that a vendor sold, within British Columbia, a type or subcategory of a type of fuel before the vendor was appointed a collector for that fuel, the director may impose on the vendor, in addition to any other penalty, a penalty equal to the greater of

(a) 10% of the security that the vendor would have been required to pay under section 38 in respect of that fuel if the vendor, at the time of sale, had been a collector who was not exempt from the requirement to pay security under that section, and

(b) the difference between the total tax payable in respect of the fuel under this Act and the amount of tax and security paid or remitted to the government under this Act in respect of that fuel.

(3) If the director is satisfied that a vendor whose appointment as a collector for a type or subcategory of a type of fuel is effective in accordance with section 28 (2.3) sold, within British Columbia, that type or subcategory of a type of fuel in the period described in section 34.01, the director may impose on the vendor, in addition to any other penalty, a penalty equal to 10% of the security that the vendor would have been required to pay under section 38 in respect of that fuel if the vendor, at the time of sale, had been a collector.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (5) and despite section 28 (2.3), a vendor whose appointment as a collector for a type or subcategory of a type of fuel is effective in accordance with section 28 (2.3) is deemed to have been appointed a collector at the time the director made the appointment.

(5) If the director is satisfied that a vendor wilfully sold fuel contrary to section 28 (4), the director may impose on the vendor, in addition to any other penalty, a penalty equal to the amount of security that the vendor would have been required to pay under section 38 in respect of that fuel if the vendor, at the time of sale, had been a collector who was not exempt from the requirement to pay security under that section.

Board member's liability

45.1  (1) Subject to this section, if a corporation has failed to collect or remit taxes, or to pay an amount of security as required under this Act, a board member of that corporation is jointly and severally liable with the corporation to pay an amount equal to

(a) the taxes that the corporation failed to collect or remit during the term of the board member, any related penalty and any interest on that amount and the penalty, and

(b) the security that the corporation failed to pay during the term of the board member, any related penalty and any interest on that amount and the penalty.

(2) A board member is not liable under subsection (1) unless one of the following has occurred:

(a) a certificate has been filed under section 55 with respect to the amount the corporation is liable to pay under this Act;

(b) the corporation has been dissolved or has commenced liquidation or dissolution proceedings in any jurisdiction;

(c) the corporation has, under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (Canada),

(i) made an assignment in bankruptcy,

(ii) filed a notice of intention to make a proposal with the official receiver, or

(iii) made a proposal under Division 1 of Part III of that Act;

(d) a bankruptcy order has been made against the corporation under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (Canada);

(e) the corporation has obtained a court order granting a stay of proceedings under section 11.02 of the Companies' Creditors Arrangement Act (Canada);

(f) the corporation has been or is subject in any jurisdiction to a proceeding of a similar nature to a proceeding referred to in paragraphs (c) to (e).

(3) A board member is not liable under subsection (1) if the board member exercised the care, diligence and skill that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in comparable circumstances to prevent the corporation's failure to collect or remit taxes or to pay security as required under this Act.

Deemed board member

45.2  (1) If the director has reason to believe that a person who was not a member of the board of directors of a corporation performed some or all of the functions of a member of the board of directors of the corporation, the director may request the person and the corporation to provide to the director the records and information required by the director to confirm or rebut that belief.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the director may decide that a person performed some or all of the functions of a member of the board of directors of a corporation if

(a) the person or the corporation that has been requested to provide records or information to the director under subsection (1) fails or refuses to comply with the request within a period of time considered by the director to be reasonable in the circumstances, or

(b) the records or information provided to the director under this section confirm that the person performed some or all of the functions of a member of the board of directors of the corporation.

(3) The director must not decide under subsection (2) (b) that a person performed some or all of the functions of a member of the board of directors of a corporation if the decision is based solely on

(a) the person participating in the corporation's management under the direction or control of a shareholder, one or more members of the board of directors or a senior officer of the corporation,

(b) the person being a lawyer, accountant or other professional whose primary participation in the management of the corporation was the provision of professional services to the corporation,

(c) the corporation being bankrupt and the person being a trustee in bankruptcy who participates in the management of the corporation or exercises control over its property, rights and interests primarily for the purposes of the administration of the bankrupt's estate, or

(d) the person being a receiver, receiver manager or secured creditor who participates in the management of the corporation or exercises control over any of its property, rights and interests primarily for the purposes of enforcing a debt obligation of the corporation.

(4) If the director decides under subsection (2) that a person performed some or all of the functions of a member of the board of directors of a corporation, the person is deemed to be a board member of the corporation for the purposes of this Act for a term that equals the period the person performed those functions.

(5) Immediately after the director makes a decision under subsection (2), the director must notify in writing the person to whom the decision relates and the corporation of this decision.

Penalty for unauthorized purchase or use of coloured fuel

45.3  (1) Subject to subsections (1.1) to (1.3), if the director is satisfied that a person purchased or used coloured fuel contrary to section 15, the director may impose on the person a penalty equal to the greater of

(a) the amount that is equal to 3 times the tax that would have been payable on the fuel if it had not been coloured fuel, and

(b) the amount, not to exceed $1 000, determined under the regulations.

(1.1) For the purposes of determining the amount of the penalty that may be imposed by the director on a person under subsection (1), if the director considers that it is impractical to ascertain the quantity of coloured fuel purchased or used, as the case may be, contrary to section 15, the amount of the penalty is the amount determined in accordance with subsection (1) (b).

(1.2) If a contravention referred to in subsection (1) continues for more than one day, separate amounts, each not to exceed $1 000, may be determined for the purposes of subsection (1) (b) for each day the contravention continues.

(1.3) If the director is satisfied that a person referred to in subsection (1) purchased or used coloured fuel contrary to section 15 for the purpose of operating more than one vehicle, separate amounts, each not to exceed $1 000, may be determined for the purposes of subsection (1) (b) for each vehicle.

(2) A penalty under subsection (1) is in addition to any tax that is payable under section 5, 5.1 or 15 (3) in respect of the coloured fuel.

Penalties for unauthorized uses of heating oil or non-motor fuel oil

45.4  (1) If the director is satisfied that a person used or allowed another person to use a substance contrary to section 16.7 (2), the director may impose on the first person a penalty equal to,

(a) if the substance

(i) was coloured within the meaning of Part 3.1 before it was used, and

(ii) was used for a purpose for which coloured fuel is authorized to be used under section 15,

3 times the amount of the tax that would be payable under section 5 (2) if that provision applied to that use, and

(b) in any other case, 3 times the amount of the tax payable under section 16.7 (5).

(2) If the director is satisfied that a person used or allowed another person to use a substance contrary to section 16.7 (3) or (4), the director may impose on the first person a penalty equal to 3 times the amount of the tax payable under section 16.7 (5).

(3) A penalty under subsection (1) or (2) is in addition to any tax payable under this Act.

Notice of assessment

46  (1) Subject to subsection (1.2), the director must issue a notice of assessment to the person liable to pay an amount estimated, assessed or imposed if the director

(a) makes an estimate or assessment under section 42, 43 or 46.1, or

(b) imposes a penalty under section 44, 45, 45.3 or 45.4.

(1.1) If the director assesses interest under section 48 or 48.1, the director may issue a notice of assessment to the person liable to pay the amount of interest assessed.

(1.2) In addition to, or as an alternative to, issuing a notice of assessment under subsection (1) or (1.1), the director may issue a notice of assessment to the custodian or trustee in bankruptcy of the person referred to in subsection (1) or (1.1).

(2) Evidence that a notice of assessment under subsection (1) or (1.1) has been issued is proof, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, that the amount estimated, assessed or imposed under this Act is due and owing, and the onus of proving otherwise is on the person liable to pay the amount estimated, assessed or imposed.

(3) Subject to being amended, changed or varied on appeal or by reassessment, an estimate, assessment or penalty made or imposed under this Act is valid and binding despite any error, defect or omission in the estimate, assessment or penalty or in procedure.

Assessment against board member

46.1  (1) If the director decides that a board member is jointly and severally liable for an amount under section 45.1 (1), the director may assess the board member for

(a) the amount assessed under section 43 or 44 or both against the corporation for the corporation's failure to collect or remit taxes or pay security or both as required during the term of the board member, any related penalty and any interest on that amount and the penalty, and

(b) the amount estimated under section 42

(i) as the tax the corporation collected, or

(ii) as the security payable by the corporation

during the term of the board member, any related penalty and any interest on that amount and the penalty.

(2) The director must not make an assessment under subsection (1) in respect of the liability of a board member under section 45.1 if

(a) the person is no longer a board member of that corporation, and

(b) it is more than 2 years after the last date that the person was a board member of that corporation.

Irregularities

47  An estimate or assessment made or a penalty imposed by the director under this Act must not be varied or disallowed by a court because of an irregularity, informality, omission or error on the part of a person in the observation of any directory provision up to the date of the issuing of the notice of assessment.

Interest until notice of assessment issued

48  (1) In this section:

"non-assessed amount", in relation to a particular period, means an amount owing to the government under this Act for which a notice of assessment has not been issued under this Act, including the following:

(a) any interest on that amount that has accrued by the beginning of the period, but not including any penalty imposed under this Act and any interest on that penalty;

(b) despite section 43 (1.2), security that has not been paid as required under this Act but for which the person liable may not be assessed in accordance with section 43 (1.1);

"refund amount", in relation to a person for a particular period, means an amount equal to the amount

(a) that the person is entitled to receive from the government as a refund under Part 5, including any interest on that amount that has accrued by the beginning of the period, and

(b) on which interest payable by the government would be accruing under the Financial Administration Act but for this section.

(2) Subject to this section, the director may assess at any time interest, calculated at the prescribed rate and in the prescribed manner, on an amount owing to the government under this Act until the date that a notice of assessment is issued in relation to the amount owing.

(3) In relation to security referred to in paragraph (b) of the definition of "non-assessed amount", the director may assess interest on the security as if that security were an amount owing to the government from the date that the person was required under this Act to pay that security to the government until 60 days after that date.

(4) Subsection (5) applies in relation to an assessment of interest for a particular period if

(a) the director is satisfied, based on an inspection, audit or examination or on other information available to the director, that for the particular period

(i) a person owes a non-assessed amount to the government, and

(ii) the person is eligible to receive a refund amount from the government, and

(b) the non-assessed amount referred to in paragraph (a) (i) exceeds or equals the refund amount referred to in paragraph (a) (ii).

(5) In relation to an assessment of interest for a particular period to which this subsection applies, interest may be assessed under subsection (2) in relation to a non-assessed amount for the particular period by assessing interest on the amount equal to the non-assessed amount for the particular period less the refund amount for the particular period.

(6) If interest is assessed under subsection (2) for a particular period in accordance with subsection (5), despite the Financial Administration Act and the regulations under that Act, no interest is payable for the particular period by the government in relation to the person's refund amount.

(7) Subsection (8) applies in relation to a particular period if

(a) the director is satisfied, based on an inspection, audit or examination or on other information available to the director, that for the particular period

(i) a person owes a non-assessed amount to the government, and

(ii) the person is eligible to receive a refund amount from the government, and

(b) the refund amount referred to in paragraph (a) (ii) exceeds the non-assessed amount referred to in paragraph (a) (i).

(8) In relation to a particular period to which this subsection applies, interest may not be assessed under subsection (2) in relation to the non-assessed amount for the particular period.

(9) If interest may not be assessed under subsection (2) for a particular period in accordance with subsection (8), for the purposes of the regulations under section 27 (1) (c) of the Financial Administration Act, the amount owing by the government for the particular period is deemed to be reduced by the non-assessed amount for that particular period.

(10) For the purposes of this section, the director may determine, in a manner and by a procedure the director considers adequate and expedient, when an amount became owing to the government.

(11) For the purposes of this section and the regulations under section 27 (1) (c) of the Financial Administration Act, the director may determine, in a manner and by a procedure the director considers adequate and expedient, when an amount became owing by the government.

(12) For the purposes of this section, a period of time ends and a new period may begin if

(a) the non-assessed amount or refund amount changes, or

(b) a notice of assessment is issued in relation to all or part of a non-assessed amount.

Interest after notice of assessment issued

48.1  The director may assess at any time interest, calculated at the prescribed rate and in the prescribed manner, on an amount owing to the government under this Act from the date that a notice of assessment is issued in relation to the amount owing.

Inspection powers

49  (0.1) In this section, "relevant provision" means

(a) section 14 (3),

(b) section 14 (3) as it applies under section 16.2 (3),

(c) section 15, or

(d) section 16.7 (2), (3) or (4).

(1) A justice, who is satisfied by information on oath that there are reasonable grounds to believe that a relevant provision is not being complied with, may at any time issue a warrant, under the justice's signature, authorizing a peace officer, named in the warrant, to enter and to search any premises or motor vehicle in order to inspect and take samples of the contents of a tank or container, including the fuel supply tank of a motor vehicle.

(2) If a peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that a relevant provision is not being complied with, and if it is impracticable to obtain a warrant, the peace officer may, without a warrant,

(a) stop a motor vehicle for the purpose of conducting an inspection under paragraph (b) of this section, and

(b) inspect and take samples of the contents of a tank or container, including the fuel supply tank of a motor vehicle.

(3) A person must not

(a) hinder, molest or interfere with a peace officer doing anything that the peace officer is authorized to do under this section, or

(b) prevent or attempt to prevent a peace officer from doing anything that the peace officer is authorized to do under this section.

Certificate required for bulk transaction

49.1  (1) In this section:

"bulk transaction" means either of the following:

(a) a disposition of substantially all of the inventory of fuel in British Columbia of a seller's business;

(b) a disposition of an interest in a seller's business carried on in British Columbia;

"seller" means a vendor, wholesale dealer or retail dealer;

"seller's business", in relation to a bulk transaction made, or proposed to be made, by a seller, means the seller's business referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), as the case may be, of the definition of "bulk transaction".

(2) If a person purchases fuel or an interest in a business from a seller through a bulk transaction without obtaining from the seller a duplicate copy of the certificate obtained under subsection (3), the person must pay to the government an amount equal to the total of all amounts owing under this Act, on the date of the bulk transaction, by the seller in respect of the seller's business.

(3) On application in a form and manner specified by the director, the director may issue a certificate in duplicate to a seller in respect of a proposed bulk transaction if all amounts owing under this Act by the seller in respect of the seller's business have been paid.

(4) An amount payable under subsection (2) in respect of a bulk transaction must be paid on or before the last day of the month after the month in which the bulk transaction occurred.

Part 8 — Appeals

Appeal to minister

50  (1) An appeal to the minister lies from a decision of the director about any of the following:

(a) a suspension or cancellation of an authorization under section 14, 14.1 or 16.3 (3) under

(i) section 14 (4), or

(ii) section 14 (4) as it applies under section 14.1 (4) or 16.3 (6);

(b) a refund under section 9.1 (2), 20, 20.1, 20.101, 20.11, 20.12, 20.2, 21, 22, 23 or 24 or under the regulations;

(c) a cancellation of an appointment of a collector or refiner collector under section 30 (2) (a), (b) or (b.1);

(c.1) a cancellation of a registered consumer certificate under section 37.1 (3) (a) or (b);

(c.2) a refusal to appoint a collector or refiner collector under section 28 or to issue a registered consumer certificate under section 37;

(c.3) a refusal under section 38 (6), 39 (2), or 40 (2) to exempt a collector, deputy collector or retail dealer from the requirement to pay security;

(c.4) a refusal of an authorization under section 29 (2);

(d) an estimate, assessment or imposition under section 42, 43, 44, 45, 45.3, 45.4, 46.1, 48 or 48.1;

(e) a refusal to issue or renew a licence under section 19 (1);

(f) a cancellation or suspension of a licence under section 19 (4);

(g) a decision of the director under section 45.2 (2) (b) or 57.1 (11) (b).

(1.1) If the director cancels a collector's or refiner collector's appointment under section 30 (2) (c) or cancels a registered consumer certificate under section 37.1 (3) (c), an appeal lies from the decision of the director to the minister, unless an appeal is not permitted under the regulations.

(2) Written notice of the appeal must be served on the minister within 90 days after the date on the director's notice of the decision.

(3) The appellant must set out in the notice of appeal a statement of all material facts and the reasons in support of the appeal.

(4) On receiving the notice of appeal, the minister must

(a) consider the matter,

(b) subject to subsections (5) and (6), affirm, amend or change the assessment, decision, estimate, amount imposed or the nature of the assessment, and

(c) promptly notify the appellant in writing of the result of the appeal.

(5) If an appeal relates to a matter referred to in subsection (1) (c.2), the minister may

(a) affirm the decision of the director, or

(b) direct the director to

(i) appoint the appellant as a collector or refiner collector, subject to the conditions and limitations that the director specifies, or

(ii) issue a registered consumer certificate to the appellant, subject to the conditions and limitations that the director specifies.

(6) If an appeal relates to a matter referred to in subsection (1) (c.3), the minister may

(a) affirm the decision of the director, or

(b) direct the director to exempt the appellant from the requirement to pay security, subject to the conditions that the director specifies.

(7) If an appeal relates to a matter referred to in subsection (1) (c.4), the minister may

(a) affirm the decision of the director, or

(b) direct the director to grant the authorization, subject to the conditions that the director specifies.

Appeal to court

51  (1) A decision of the minister under section 50 (4) may be appealed to the Supreme Court by way of a petition proceeding.

(2) The Supreme Court Civil Rules relating to petition proceedings apply to appeals under this section, but Rule 18-3 of those rules does not apply.

(3) A petition must be filed in the court registry within 90 days after the date on the minister's notification of decision.

(4) Within 14 days after the filing of the petition under subsection (3), it must be served on the government in accordance with section 8 of the Crown Proceeding Act and the government must be designated "Her Majesty the Queen in right of the Province of British Columbia".

(4.1) An appeal under this section is a new hearing that is not limited to the evidence and issues that were before the minister.

(5) The court may dismiss the appeal, allow the appeal, vary the decision from which the appeal is made or refer the decision back to the director for reconsideration.

(6) An appeal lies from a decision of the court to the Court of Appeal with leave of a justice of the Court of Appeal.

Pending appeal not to affect tax collection

52  (1) Neither the giving of a notice of appeal by a person nor a delay in the hearing of an appeal

(a) affects the date of payment, the interest or penalties or any liability for payment under this Act in respect of the amount estimated, assessed or imposed that is the subject matter of the appeal, or

(b) delays the collection of the amount estimated, assessed or imposed.

(2) If the director's or the minister's decision is set aside or the amount of an estimate or assessment or an amount imposed is reduced on appeal, the director must refund from the consolidated revenue fund to the appellant

(a) the amount or excess amount paid, and

(b) any additional interest or penalty imposed and paid.

(3) If the amount of an estimate or assessment or an amount imposed is increased on appeal, the appellant must pay to the government

(a) the additional amount owing to the government under this Act, and

(b) any additional interest payable on the additional amount owing to the government under this Act.

Part 9 — Recovery of Amounts Owing

Collection bond

53  (1) In this section:

"applicant" means any of the following:

(a) a carrier who has applied for a carrier licence under section 19;

(b) a vendor who has applied to be appointed as a collector under section 28;

(c) a person who has applied for a registered consumer certificate under section 37;

"maximum bond amount", in relation to a bond required to be deposited by a person with the director under this section, means 6 times the estimated amount, determined in a manner and by a procedure the director considers adequate and expedient, of

(a) tax that would normally be collected under this Act by the person in a month in relation to fuel for which the person would not be required to pay security,

(b) tax that would normally be paid under this Act by the person in a month, and

(c) security that would normally be paid under this Act by the person in a month;

"taxpayer" means a collector, a licensed carrier, a registered consumer or a motive fuel user permit holder.

(2) The director may require an applicant or a taxpayer to deposit with the director a bond, by way of cash or other security, satisfactory to the director.

(3) The amount of the bond is to be determined by the director, but the amount must not be greater than the maximum bond amount.

(4) If there is a change in circumstances after a bond is provided under subsection (2), the director may vary the amount of the bond required, but the amount must not be greater than the maximum bond amount.

(5) If a person who has deposited a bond under this section fails to collect or remit tax, pay tax or pay security in accordance with this Act, the director, after giving written notice to the person, may apply all or part of the bond to the amount of tax or security that should have been collected, remitted or paid by the person, to any related penalty and to any interest due on that amount and the penalty.

(6) The director may return a bond deposited under this section, or may pay from the consolidated revenue fund an amount equal to the amount remaining of a bond deposited under this section, to the person who deposited the bond if

(a) the person has ceased being a taxpayer, and

(b) the person as a taxpayer has no amount owing to the government under this Act.

Court action to recover amount owing

54  An amount owing to the government under this Act may be recovered by action in a court.

Summary proceedings without action

55  (1) If a person fails to pay or remit an amount owing to the government under this Act, the director may issue a certificate specifying the amount owed and the name of the person who owes it.

(2) The director may file with the Supreme Court a certificate issued under subsection (1).

(3) A certificate filed under subsection (2) has the same force and effect, and all proceedings may be taken on the certificate, as if it were a judgment of the court in favour of the government for the recovery of a debt in the amount specified in the certificate against the person named in the certificate.

(4) If the amount specified in a certificate is different from the actual amount owing to the government under this Act, the director may correct the amount by issuing a new certificate specifying the revised amount owed and the name of the person who owes it.

(5) The director may file with the Supreme Court a certificate issued under subsection (4).

(6) A certificate filed under subsection (5)

(a) revises the certificate filed under subsection (2) that names the same person,

(b) is deemed to be filed at the same time as the certificate it revises, and

(c) has the same force and effect, and all proceedings may be taken on the certificate, as if it were a judgment of the court in favour of the government for the recovery of a debt in the amount specified in the certificate against the person named in the certificate.

Alternate remedies

56  (1) Remedies available to the government for the recovery of an amount owing under this Act may be exercised separately, concurrently or cumulatively.

(2) The liability of a person for the payment of an amount owing under this Act is not affected by a fine or penalty imposed on or paid by the person for contravention of this Act.

Attachment of funds

57  (1) In this section, "taxpayer" means any person who is liable to pay or remit an amount under this Act.

(2) If the director knows or suspects that a person is or is about to become indebted or liable to make a payment to a taxpayer, the director may demand that that person pay all or part of the money otherwise payable to the taxpayer to the government on account of the taxpayer's liability under this Act.

(3) Without limiting subsection (2), if the director knows or suspects that a person is about to advance money to, or make a payment on behalf of a taxpayer, or make a payment in respect of a negotiable instrument issued by a taxpayer, the director may demand that that person pay to the government on account of the taxpayer's liability under this Act the money that would otherwise be advanced or paid.

(3.1) A demand under this section may be served by

(a) personal service,

(b) registered mail, or

(c) electronic mail or fax.

(4) If under this section the director demands that a person pay to the government, on account of the liability under this Act of a taxpayer, money otherwise payable by that person to the taxpayer as interest, rent, remuneration, a dividend, an annuity or other periodic payment, the demand

(a) is applicable to all of those payments to be made by the person to the taxpayer until the liability under this Act is satisfied, and

(b) operates to require payments to the government out of each payment of the amount stipulated by the director in the demand.

(5) Money or a beneficial interest in money in a savings institution

(a) on deposit to the credit of a taxpayer at the time a demand is served, or

(b) deposited to the credit of a taxpayer after a demand is served,

is money for which the savings institution is indebted to the taxpayer within the meaning of this section, but money on deposit or deposited to the credit of a taxpayer as described in paragraph (a) or (b) does not include money on deposit or deposited to the credit of the taxpayer in the taxpayer's capacity as a trustee.

(6) A demand under this section continues in effect until

(a) the demand is satisfied, or

(b) 90 days after the demand is served,

whichever is earlier.

(7) Despite subsection (6), if a demand is made in respect of a periodic payment referred to in subsection (4), the demand continues in effect until it is satisfied unless no periodic payment is made or is liable to be made within 90 days after the demand is served, in which case the demand ceases to have effect at the end of that period.

(7.1) Money demanded from a person by the director under this section becomes payable

(a) as soon as the person is served with the demand, if the person is indebted or liable to make a payment to the taxpayer at the time the demand is served, or

(b) as soon as the person becomes indebted or liable to make a payment to the taxpayer, in any other case.

(8) A person who fails to comply with a demand under subsection (2) or (4) is liable to pay to the government an amount equal to the amount that the person was required to pay under subsection (2) or (4).

(9) A person who fails to comply with a demand under subsection (3) is liable to pay to the government an amount equal to the lesser of

(a) the aggregate of the money advanced or paid, and

(b) the amount that the person was required to pay under subsection (3).

(10) The receipt of the director for money paid under this section is a sufficient discharge of the original liability to the extent of the payment.

(11) Money paid by any person to the government in compliance with a demand under this section is deemed to have been paid by that person to the taxpayer.

Lien

57.1  (1) In this section:

"amount owing" means an amount remaining unpaid or unremitted, any related penalty and any interest on that amount and the penalty;

"associated corporation" includes a corporation that is determined under subsection (11) to be associated with another corporation for the purposes of this section;

"collateral" has the same meaning as in the Personal Property Security Act;

"financing statement" has the same meaning as in the Personal Property Security Act;

"inventory" has the same meaning as in the Personal Property Security Act;

"personal property registry" means the registry under the Personal Property Security Act;

"proceeds" has the same meaning as in the Personal Property Security Act;

"property", when referring to the property of an associated corporation or a related individual, means property that is used in, or in conjunction with, the business in respect of which the amount referred to in subsection (2) is required to be collected, remitted or paid;

"purchase money security interest" has the same meaning as in the Personal Property Security Act;

"related individual" has the same meaning as in the Property Transfer Tax Act;

"security interest" has the same meaning as in the Personal Property Security Act.

(2) If a person is required to pay or remit an amount to the government under this Act and does not pay or remit the amount, the director may register a lien

(a) against the real property of

(i) the person,

(ii) an associated corporation of the person, or

(iii) a related individual of the person

by registering a certificate of lien in the prescribed form in the appropriate land title office in the same manner that a charge is registered under the Land Title Act, and

(b) against the personal property of

(i) the person,

(ii) an associated corporation of the person, or

(iii) a related individual of the person

by registering a financing statement in the personal property registry.

(3) On registration of a certificate of lien against the real property of a person under subsection (2) (a), a lien is created on the real property against which the lien is registered for the amount owing.

(4) On registration of a lien against the personal property of a person under subsection (2) (b), a lien is created on the present and after acquired personal property in which the person has a legal or equitable interest, including, in the case of a lien referred to in paragraph (a) of this subsection, any portion of the property that is subject to a prior lien or security interest, for the following:

(a) if the lien relates to

(i) taxes that were required to be collected before registration,

(ii) taxes that were collected but not remitted before registration, or

(iii) security that was required to be paid before registration,

the amount of those taxes remaining uncollected or unremitted or security remaining unpaid, any related penalty and any interest on that amount and the penalty;

(b) any amount, other than an amount referred to in paragraph (a), owing by the person under this Act.

(5) Subject to subsections (6) and (7), a lien, other than a lien referred to in subsection (4) (b), that is registered under subsection (2) (b) against personal property

(a) is not limited to the equity that the person against whose personal property the lien is registered has in the personal property, and

(b) despite the provisions of any other enactments, has priority over a security interest or other lien, whether or not the security interest or other lien existed before the lien was registered under subsection (2) (b).

(6) A lien registered under subsection (2) (b) against personal property does not have priority over

(a) a security interest that secures unpaid wages under section 87 (3) of the Employment Standards Act, regardless of when that security interest arises, or

(b) a purchase money security interest in collateral other than collateral that at the time the purchase money security interest attaches is inventory or its proceeds.

(7) If

(a) one or more liens are registered under subsection (2) (b) against the personal property of a person, and

(b) the property referred to in paragraph (a)of this subsection is subject to

(i) a security interest perfected under the Personal Property Security Act before the registration of the first lien under subsection (2) (b), or

(ii) another lien created before the registration of the first lien under subsection (2) (b),

the total amount secured by all the liens registered under subsection (2) (b), other than liens referred to in subsection (4) (b), is limited in amount, with respect to all the prior security interests or other liens referred to in paragraph (b) of this subsection, to the sum of the amount of

(c) taxes remaining uncollected or unremitted, or both, that were required to be collected or were collected by the person for the 6 months before the date of the most recent registration of a lien under subsection (2) (b), any related penalty and any interest on that amount and the penalty, and

(d) security remaining unpaid that was required to be paid by the person for the 6 months before the date of the most recent registration of a lien under subsection (2) (b), any related penalty and any interest on that amount and the penalty.

(8) In relation to a certificate of lien registered under subsection (2) (a) against the real property of a person, the director may register a certificate of lien in the form prescribed for the purposes of subsection (2) (a) in the appropriate land title office in the same manner that a charge is registered under the Land Title Act if

(a) the certificate of lien registered under subsection (2) (a) against the real property of the person contains a statement of the amount owing, and

(b) the director is satisfied that the amount referred to in paragraph (a) of this subsection that is stated in that certificate of lien is incorrect.

(8.1) In relation to a financing statement registered under subsection (2) (b) against the personal property of a person, the director may register a financing change statement, as defined in the Personal Property Security Act, in the personal property registry if

(a) the financing statement registered under subsection (2) (b) against the personal property of the person contains a statement of the amount owing, and

(b) the director is satisfied that the amount referred to in paragraph (a) of this subsection that is stated in that financing statement is incorrect.

(8.2) A certificate of lien registered under subsection (8) and a financing change statement registered under subsection (8.1) must contain a revised statement of the amount owing.

(8.3) On registration of a certificate of lien against the real property of a person under subsection (8), the certificate of lien registered under subsection (2) (a) against the real property of the person is, at the same time it was originally registered, deemed to be revised to set out the amount owing as stated in the certificate of lien registered under subsection (8).

(8.4) On registration of a financing change statement against the personal property of a person under subsection (8.1), the financing statement registered under subsection (2) (b) against the personal property of the person is, at the same time it was originally registered, deemed to be revised to set out the amount owing as stated in the financing change statement registered under subsection (8.1).

(9) Despite section 62 (1), the director must,

(a) on the oral or written request of a person, disclose in writing the amount of the lien under this section registered against the personal or real property of the person, or

(b) on the written request of a person accompanied by the written consent of a named person, disclose in writing the amount of the lien under this section registered against the personal or real property of the named person.

(10) If the director believes that one corporation is associated with another corporation within the meaning of section 256 of the Income Tax Act (Canada), the director may request one or both of the corporations to provide to the director the records and information required by the director to confirm or rebut that belief.

(11) The director may determine that the corporations are associated corporations for the purposes of this section if

(a) a corporation that has been requested to provide records or information to the director under subsection (10) fails or refuses to comply with that request within a period of time considered by the director to be reasonable in the circumstances, or

(b) the records or information provided to the director under this section confirm the director's belief that the corporations are associated.

(12) Immediately after a corporation is determined under this section to be associated with a person referred to in subsection (2) (a) (i) and (b) (i), the director

(a) must notify the corporation of this in writing, and

(b) may register a lien under this section against the real and personal property of the corporation.

(13) The director may seize personal property against which a lien is registered under subsection (12) at any time after the registration of the lien, but must not take any action to realize on those assets until the later of

(a) the date that is 90 days after the date on which the notice required under subsection (12) (a) was sent to the corporation, and

(b) if a notice of appeal is served on the minister in respect of the determination within the time provided by section 50 (2), the date on which the minister upholds the determination under that appeal.

(14) If, at any time, the director becomes convinced that the corporations were not associated within the meaning of the section 256 of the Income Tax Act (Canada) at the time that the lien was registered under subsection (12) (b) of this section or the minister or a court of competent jurisdiction upholds the corporation's appeal against the director's determination on the basis that the corporations were not associated at the time that the lien was registered, the director must,

(a) if the director has not realized on any of the assets against which the lien was registered, promptly release the lien, and

(b) if the director has realized on some or all of the assets against which the lien was registered, promptly release the lien against the remaining assets and pay the proceeds realized from the sale of the realized assets minus any costs or expenses incurred in the sale

(i) to the corporation, or

(ii) if the director considers it appropriate to do so, into the Supreme Court under Rule 10-3 of the Supreme Court Civil Rules.

(15) The release of the lien under subsection (14) (a) or the release of the lien and payment of the applicable net sale proceeds under subsection (14) (b) is deemed to be full satisfaction of all claims any person, including the corporation, might have arising out of or in any way connected with the determination made under subsection (11), the registration of the lien or the seizure or sale of any or all of the assets against which the lien was registered.

Responsibility of person having control of property

57.2  (1) In this section, "secured party" has the same meaning as in the Personal Property Security Act.

(2) This section applies to a person who, as assignee, liquidator, administrator, receiver, receiver manager, trustee, secured party or similar person, other than a trustee appointed under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (Canada), takes control or possession of the property of a person who has collected tax or an amount as if it were tax, is required to collect or remit tax or is required to pay security under this Act.

(3) Before distributing the proceeds from the realization of the property referred to in subsection (2), a person to whom this section applies must obtain from the director a certificate that the amount that constituted a lien under section 57.1 has been paid.

(4) If a person to whom this section applies distributes the proceeds from the realization of the property referred to in subsection (2), without having obtained the certificate required by subsection (3), the person is personally liable to the government for an amount equal to the amount required to be paid to obtain the certificate.

(5) An amount payable under subsection (4) in respect of a distribution of the proceeds from the realization of property must be paid on or before the last day of the month after the month in which the disposition occurred.

(6) Subsections (3) to (5) also apply to a person who, before July 1, 2008, in a capacity described in subsection (2),

(a) took control or possession of the property of another person who has collected tax, is required to collect or remit tax or is required to pay security under this Act, and

(b) has not yet distributed the proceeds of the realization of the property.

Notice of enforcement proceedings

58  (1) Before taking proceedings for the recovery of an amount owing under this Act, the director must give to the person who owes the amount notice of the director's intention to enforce payment.

(2) Failure to give notice under subsection (1) does not affect the validity of proceedings taken for the recovery of an amount owing under this Act.

Limitation period

59  (1) In this section, "collection proceeding" means

(a) an action for the recovery of an amount owing to the government under section 54,

(b) the filing of a certificate under section 55,

(c) the making of a demand under section 57, and

(d) the registration or enforcement of a lien under section 57.1.

(2) A collection proceeding may be commenced at any time within 7 years after the date of the notice of assessment for the amount claimed in the collection proceeding.

(3) Despite subsection (2), a collection proceeding that relates to a contravention of this Act or the regulations and that involves wilful default or fraud may be commenced at any time.

(4) If, before the expiry of the limitation period that applies under subsection (2) to an amount claimed, a person acknowledges liability in respect of the amount claimed, the date of the notice of assessment is deemed to be the day on which the acknowledgement is made.

(5) Subsection (4) does not apply to an acknowledgement, other than an acknowledgement referred to in subsection (6), unless the acknowledgement is

(a) in writing,

(b) signed, by hand or by electronic signature within the meaning of the Electronic Transactions Act,

(c) made by the person making the acknowledgement or the person's agent, and

(d) made to the government or an agent of the government.

(6) In the case of an amount claimed to which the limitation period under subsection (2) applies, for the purposes of subsection (4), part payment of the amount by the person against whom the claim is or may be made or by the person's agent is an acknowledgement by the person against whom the claim is or may be made of liability in respect of the claim.

(7) Section 24 (2), (4) and (10) of the Limitation Act applies for the purposes of this section.

(8) The liability of a person for the payment of an amount owing to the government under this Act is not affected by the expiry of the limitation period that applies under subsection (2) to the amount claimed.

Application for injunction

60  The minister may apply to the Supreme Court for an injunction ordering a person who sells or offers to sell fuel, heating oil or non-motor fuel oil in British Columbia to cease selling or offering to sell fuel, heating oil or non-motor fuel oil until the person complies with this Act and the regulations and the person's obligations under this Act are fulfilled.

Part 10 — General

Appointment of director

60.1  The minister may appoint a person as director for the purpose of administering this Act.

Delegation

61  (1) The director may, in writing, delegate any of the director's powers or duties under this Act.

(2) The delegation under subsection (1) may be to a named person or to a class of persons.

(3) Without limiting subsection (1), the director's powers and duties with respect to IFTA commercial vehicles may be delegated by the director to a named person or class of persons in a government corporation, as defined in the Financial Administration Act, or a ministry of the government.

Confidentiality

62  (1) A person who has custody or control over information or records under this Act must not disclose the information or records to any other person except

(a) in the course of administering or enforcing this or another taxation Act,

(b) in court proceedings relating to this or another taxation Act,

(c) as provided in, or ordered under, section 239 or 242 of the Family Law Act or section 8.2 or 9 of the Family Maintenance Enforcement Act,

(d) under an agreement that

(i) is between the government and another government,

(ii) relates to the administration or enforcement of taxation enactments, and

(iii) provides for disclosure of information and records to and the exchange of similar information with that other government, or

(e) for the purpose of the compilation of statistical information by the government or the government of Canada.

(2) The prohibition in subsection (1) does not apply in respect of the names and addresses of collectors.

Service of notices

63  (1) If service of a notice or other document by the director is required or authorized under this Act, the notice or document is conclusively deemed to have been served if

(a) served on the person,

(b) sent by registered mail to the last known address of the person according to the records of the director, or

(c) sent by electronic mail or fax to the last known electronic mail address or fax number of the person according to the records of the director.

(2) If service of a notice or other document on the minister is required or authorized under this Act, the notice or document is conclusively deemed to have been served if delivered to the office of the deputy minister.

(3) If service under subsection (1) is by registered mail, electronic mail or fax, the notice or document is conclusively deemed to be served when sent.

(4) If a person carries on business under a name or style other than the person's own name, the notice or document may be addressed to the name or style under which the person carries on business and, in the case of personal service, is deemed to have been validly served if it was left with an adult employed at the place of business of the addressee.

(5) If persons carry on business in partnership, the notice or document may be addressed to the partnership name and, in the case of personal service, is deemed to have been validly served if it was served on one of the partners or left with an adult employed at the place of business of the partnership.

(6) In the case of personal service, a notice or document is deemed to have been validly served

(a) on a corporation, if it was delivered to any board member, senior officer, liquidator or receiver manager of the corporation, and

(b) on an extraprovincial corporation, if it was delivered to a person referred to in paragraph (a) or to an attorney for the extraprovincial corporation.

(7) Proof of the receipt by a person of any document or notice may be established in any court by showing that the document or notice was served or sent in a manner provided in this section, and the burden of proof is on the person seeking to establish the fact that the document or notice was not received by the person.

(8) In a prosecution or any proceeding for any matter arising under this Act, the facts necessary to establish compliance on the part of the director with this section may be sufficiently proved in any court by the production of an affidavit of the director setting out the facts.

Demand for information

63.1  (1) For any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Act or the regulations, the director may, by demand notice, require from any person

(a) a return,

(b) any information or additional information,

(c) the production of any records, or

(d) a written statement.

(2) A demand notice under subsection (1)

(a) must be delivered to the person by personal service, registered mail, electronic mail or fax,

(b) must specify a reasonable time by which the person must comply with the demand notice, and

(c) in relation to a requirement under subsection (1) (d), may require the written statement to be made by way of affidavit or statutory declaration.

(3) A person to whom a demand notice is delivered under this section must comply with the notice within the time specified in the notice.

(4) Under this Act, an affidavit by the director in which are stated the facts necessary to establish

(a) compliance by the director with this section, or

(b) default by a person on whom a demand was made under this section

must be admitted as evidence in any court and is proof, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, of the facts stated.

Conversion of measurement

63.2  For the purpose of determining the amount of tax that is payable under this Act, the director may establish a formula for converting a measure of an amount of a fuel into a different measure of the amount of a fuel.

Part 11 — Offences and Penalties

Offences

64  (1) and (2) [Repealed 2000-22-50.]

(3) A person who contravenes section 62 (1) commits an offence and is liable to a fine of not more than $2 000.

(4) A person who does any of the following commits an offence:

(a) makes or participates in, assents to or acquiesces in the making of a false or deceptive statement in a return, certificate or form required to be made or filed under this Act;

(a.1) makes or participates in, assents to or acquiesces in the making of a false or deceptive statement in a declaration referred to in section 5.1 (1);

(b) in order to evade payment of an amount to be paid or remitted under this Act, destroys, alters, mutilates, hides or otherwise disposes of a record or book of account;

(c) makes or assents to or acquiesces in the making of a false or deceptive entry in a record or book of account, or omits or assents to or acquiesces in the omitting to enter in a record or book of account, a material particular related to an amount to be paid or remitted under this Act;

(c.1) refuses to produce records or books of account, or hinders or molests or interferes with an inspection, audit or examination, or prevents or attempts to prevent a person from carrying out an inspection, audit or examination under this Act;

(d) wilfully, in any manner, fails to comply with this Act or the regulations;

(e) wilfully, in any manner, evades or attempts to evade compliance with this Act or the regulations or remittance or payment of taxes or payment of security required under this Act;

(f) conspires with any person to do anything described in paragraphs (a) to (e).

(5) A person who commits an offence under subsection (4) is liable

(a) to a fine of not more than $10 000 or to imprisonment for not more than 2 years or to both fine and imprisonment, and

(b) in addition, to a fine equal to the amount of any tax or security not collected, remitted or paid.

(6) In a prosecution under subsection (4), a certificate signed by the director stating the amount of tax or security referred to in subsection (5) (b) is evidence of the amount of tax or security referred to in subsection (5) (b).

(7) A penalty under this section is in addition to any other penalty under this Act.

Onus of proof

65  In a prosecution for failure to collect, remit or pay an amount under this Act, the onus is on the accused to prove that the amount was collected by the accused or was paid or remitted, as the case may be, to the government.

Analyst and certificate of analysis

66  (1) The director may designate a person as an analyst for the purpose of the enforcement of this Act.

(2) In a prosecution under this Act, a certificate of an analyst stating that the analyst has analyzed or examined a substance submitted to the analyst and stating the results of the analysis or examination is evidence of the statements contained in the certificate.

(3) The party against whom a certificate of an analyst is produced under subsection (2) may, with leave of the court, require the attendance of the analyst for the purpose of cross examination.

(4) A certificate must not be received in evidence under subsection (2) unless the party intending to produce it has, before the trial, given to the party against whom it is intended to be produced reasonable notice of that intention together with a copy of the certificate.

Evidence

67  (1) In a prosecution, evidence that a person applied to be appointed a collector or applied to obtain a registered consumer certificate is evidence that the person is appointed as a collector or holds a registered consumer certificate.

(2) In a prosecution a notice of assessment is evidence that the amount stated in the notice of assessment is due and owing.

Offence by corporation

68  If a corporation commits an offence under this Act, an employee, officer, board member or agent of the corporation who authorized, permitted or acquiesced in the offence also commits that offence, whether or not the corporation is prosecuted or convicted.

Time limit on prosecution

69  No prosecution for an offence against this Act or the regulations may be instituted more than 6 years after the day the alleged offence was committed.

Section 5 of the Offence Act

70  Section 5 of the Offence Act does not apply to this Act or the regulations.

Part 12 — Regulations

Power to make regulations

71  (1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations referred to in section 41 of the Interpretation Act.

(2) Without limiting this section, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations as follows:

(a) prescribing records to be kept by collectors, deputy collectors, vendors, persons who sell fuel in sales to which section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) applies, persons who are required to file returns for the payment of tax under this Act, wholesale dealers, retail dealers, registered consumers, licensed carriers and holders of motive fuel user permits;

(b) requiring a person who sells fuel to furnish prescribed information to the person who buys the fuel in prescribed circumstances;

(b.1) establishing an amount of tax payable or a method for determining the amount of tax payable for a blend or mixture containing a fuel;

(b.2) respecting the duties of vendors, wholesale dealers, retail dealers, collectors, deputy collectors, registered consumers and persons who are required to file returns for the payment of tax under this Act;

(b.3) setting conditions or limitations on the application of section 1.1 (2) (a) to (c) to a sale;

(b.4) respecting the minimum amount prescribed for a prescribed type of fuel, a prescribed subcategory of a type of fuel or a prescribed class of fuel for the purposes of section 1.1 (3) (a) (ii);

(c) respecting the manner of payment, collection and remittance of tax and payment of security and any other conditions or requirements affecting the payment, collection and remittance of tax or security;

(c.1) respecting the payment of an allowance under section 40.1, including, without limitation, the following:

(i) determining the amount of an allowance;

(ii) determining the circumstances in which an allowance or portion of an allowance is not to be paid;

(iii) establishing a manner of payment of an allowance;

(d) establishing a system of permits for retail dealers, wholesale dealers and vendors who sell a fuel on which tax is not payable under this Act, and without limitation, for the purpose of establishing a system of permits, may also

(i) prohibit these dealers and vendors from acquiring and selling the fuel on which tax is not payable under this Act in British Columbia unless authorized by a permit,

(ii) prohibit persons from selling the fuel on which tax is not payable under this Act to these dealers and vendors unless the dealer or vendor is authorized to sell that fuel by a permit,

(iii) provide for the issue, refusal to issue, suspension and cancellation of the permits by the director, and

(iv) provide for appeals from a decision related to a permit;

(e) providing for the issue, refusal to issue, suspension and cancellation by the director of

(i) [Repealed 2008-40-152.]

(ii) motive fuel user permits, motive fuel decals and temporary motive fuel user emblems, and

(iii) [Repealed 2008-10-77.]

(iv) carrier licences and carrier decals;

(f) [Repealed 2009-14-55.]

(f.1) respecting the duties of persons who own or operate IFTA commercial vehicles, including

(i) the payment and refund of deposits, and

(ii) authorizing the director to determine the amount of deposits;

(g) providing for refunds of all or part of a tax, security or other amount paid or remitted under this Act, including

(i) permitting or requiring the payment of a refund to a person or class of persons,

(ii) establishing circumstances in which a refund may or must be paid, or

(iii) setting conditions of or limitations on the payment of a refund;

(g.1) respecting applications for a refund under section 25;

(h) [Repealed 2008-40-152.]

(i) providing for exemptions from one or more provisions of this Act, including

(i) providing for a full or partial exemption from the payment, collection or remittance of tax or security,

(ii) establishing the circumstances in which an exemption applies, or

(iii) setting conditions of or limitations on the application of an exemption;

(i.1) authorizing exemptions and refunds under section 5 (3) and respecting any matter or thing that the Lieutenant Governor in Council considers necessary for the implementation and administration of those exemptions and refunds;

(j) [Repealed 2001-34-24.]

(k) exempting any person or class of person from section 16 and prescribing the conditions of exemption;

(k.1) prescribing types of motor vehicles for the purposes of section 15 (1) (d) and (e), based on the make, description or use of those vehicles or any combination of those things;

(l) providing that fuel that

(i) is used in prescribed circumstances for a purpose for which coloured fuel is authorized to be used under section 15 (1), and

(ii) would otherwise be taxable under section 4, 7, 8 or 10,

must be taxed at the rate imposed under section 5;

(l.1) in relation to the penalty that may be imposed under section 45.3 for the purchase or use of coloured fuel contrary to section 15, respecting the determination of the amount referred to in section 45.3 (1) (b), including, without limitation, the following:

(i) prescribing amounts for contraventions of section 15, including greater amounts for second or subsequent contraventions;

(ii) prescribing a period of time within which a second or subsequent contravention of section 15 must occur for a greater amount to apply;

(iii) providing that in determining whether a contravention of section 15 is a second or subsequent contravention, as the case may be, the only question to be considered is the sequence of the imposition of penalties under section 45.3 and that no consideration may be given to the sequence of the contraventions or whether any contravention occurred before or after the imposition of a penalty;

(iv) establishing formulas that may be applied in determining the amount;

(m) prescribing the types of dye for colouring fuel, the equipment to be used to colour fuel, the procedures for colouring fuel, and the place at which fuel may be coloured;

(n) prohibiting the sale of fuel as coloured fuel if the fuel is not coloured in the prescribed manner;

(o) requiring reports to be made by persons authorized under this Act to colour fuel or to sell coloured fuel and requiring the marking of equipment or containers used for coloured fuel;

(o.1) defining or excluding alternative motor fuels by naming the fuel or by reference to environmental benefits, market share or other criteria set out in the regulations;

(o.2) subject to section 10.1 (4), prescribing the rate of tax on alternative motor fuels, which may be different for different types of fuel or different uses of fuel;

(o.3) and (o.4) [Repealed 2008-40-152.]

(p) defining a word or expression used but not defined in this Act;

(q) prescribing the periods for which an authorization under section 14, 14.1 or 16.3 (3) may be suspended by the director under

(i) section 14 (4), or

(ii) section 14 (4) as it applies under section 14.1 (4) or 16.3 (6);

(q.1) in relation to heating oil or non-motor fuel oil, respecting anything for which regulations may be made under this Act in relation to fuel;

(q.2) respecting provisions of this Act or the regulations made applicable by section 16.8, including, without limitation, doing one or more of the following:

(i) providing that, in applying a provision, in addition to any necessary changes, that provision is to be read with specified changes;

(ii) specifying circumstances in which a provision applies;

(iii) setting conditions of, or limitations on, the application of a provision;

(iv) exempting a provision that would otherwise apply, entirely or in specified circumstances;

(r) respecting any matter or thing that the Lieutenant Governor in Council considers necessary for the implementation or administration of the International Fuel Tax Agreement;

(s) prescribing one or more classes of carriers or classes of vehicles for the purposes of section 16 (3), subject to the terms and conditions the Lieutenant Governor in Council specifies;

(t) prescribing the form of the licence application referred to in section 19 including, without limitation, the terms and conditions of the licence that an applicant, by submitting the application, agrees to comply with and to be bound by;

(u) prescribing

(i) the duties and obligations to be performed by a licensed carrier,

(ii) the terms and conditions applicable to a carrier licence, with power to prescribe different terms and conditions for different classes of licensees,

(iii) the consequences of failing to perform those duties and obligations or of failing to comply with those terms and conditions, and

(iv) any other matter that the Lieutenant Governor in Council considers necessary or appropriate in relation to the issuing, renewing, suspending, cancelling or reinstating of carrier licences;

(v) prescribing the duration of carrier licences and carrier decals issued by the director;

(w) respecting fees for applying for, issuing and renewing carrier licences issued by the director, including setting fees and the time and manner for payment of fees;

(w.1) respecting the fees for certificates under sections 49.1 and 57.2, including setting the fees and the time and manner for payment of the fees;

(x) respecting any matter or thing that the Lieutenant Governor in Council considers necessary for or in relation to the payment to the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority or to the regional transit commission for the Victoria regional transit service area of the tax imposed under sections 4 (1) (c) and (d) and 10 (1) (c) and (d) or section 12.1 (2) respectively;

(y) prescribing interest rates and the manner of calculating interest for the purposes of this Act;

(z) [Repealed 2008-40-152.]

(aa) respecting appeals to the minister under section 50, including, without limitation, establishing circumstances in which an appeal to the minister under section 50 (1.1) is not permitted;

(bb) establishing circumstances in which a retail dealer is exempt from the requirement to collect tax and permitting the director to establish rules for the collection of tax in those circumstances.

(3) [Repealed 2000-22-51.]

(4) For the purposes of a regulation under subsection (2) (y), interest may be calculated in a manner that applies, or has the effect of applying, different rates of interest to all or part of an assessment if a person is entitled to a refund under this Act.

(5) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations respecting any matter for which regulations by the Lieutenant Governor in Council are contemplated by this Act.

(6) In making a regulation under this Act, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may do one or more of the following:

(a) delegate a matter to a person;

(b) confer a discretion on a person;

(c) make different regulations for different persons, fuels, places, things, uses or transactions or classes of persons, fuels, places, things, uses or transactions;

(d) establish or define classes of persons, fuels, places, things, uses or transactions.

(7) A regulation made before December 31, 2009 under section 71 (2) (d) (iv) may be made retroactive to September 2, 2009 or a later date, and if made retroactive is deemed to have come into force on the specified date.

(8) A regulation made before December 31, 2012 under this section in relation to section 1.1 may be made retroactive to May 1, 2012 or a later date, and if made retroactive is deemed to have come into force on the specified date.

(9) A regulation made on or before March 31, 2016 under this Act in relation to propane, heating oil or non-motor fuel oil may be made retroactive to April 1, 2013 or a later date, and if made retroactive is deemed to have come into force on the specified date.

Not in force

72  [Not in force.]

Repealed

73  [Repealed RS1996-317-73(4).]